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系統識別號 U0026-1008201116124400
論文名稱(中文) 國小泛自閉症障礙學童粗大動作發展與身體活動型態之研究
論文名稱(英文) Physical Activity Patterns and Fundamental Movement Skills in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 體育健康與休閒研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Physical Education, Health & Leisure Studies
學年度 99
學期 2
出版年 100
研究生(中文) 謝凱玟
研究生(英文) Kai-Wen Hsieh
學號 rb6984015
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 58頁
口試委員 指導教授-蔡佳良
共同指導教授-潘倩玉
口試委員-朱嘉華
中文關鍵字 泛自閉症障礙  粗大動作  身體活動 
英文關鍵字 autism spectrum disorders  fundamental movement skills  physical activity 
學科別分類
中文摘要 目的:本研究旨在探討國小泛自閉症障礙 (autism spectrum disorder, ASD) 學童粗大動作發展與身體活動型態。
方法:以7-12歲ASD學童為研究對象,依年級分為兩組:1-3年級,n = 21;4-6年級,n = 13。使用大肌肉動作發展測驗第二版 (Test of Gross Motor Development II, TGMD-2) 評量ASD學童的粗大動作技巧;以GT1M加速度計測量ASD學童一週的身體活動型態。所獲得的資料以曼-惠特尼U考驗 (Mann-Whitney U Test) 分析國小1-3年級與4-6年級ASD學童身體活動型態與粗大動作技巧之差異及粗大動作技巧分數前25%與後25%的ASD學童在身體活動型態方面之不同;另以斯皮爾曼等級相關係數 (Spearman's rank correlation coefficient) 考驗整體國小ASD學童粗大動作技巧與身體活動型態之關聯。
結果:國小1-3年級ASD學童從事中等費力身體活動 (moderate physical activity) 與中等費力以上身體活動 (moderate-to-vigorous physical activity ) 的時間百分比顯著高於4-6年級ASD學童;兩組學童在粗大動作技巧表現上並無顯著不同;此外,所有學童不分年級,其粗大動作技巧與身體活動型態未達顯著相關;而粗大動作技巧表現前25%與後25%之ASD學童在身體活動型態上也未達顯著差異。
結論:本研究發現年齡對身體活動的影響,至於ASD學童粗大動作技巧和身體活動型態之關聯則待後續更多橫斷面及縱貫性的研究深入探討。
英文摘要 Purposes: To examine physical activity (PA) and fundamental movement skills (FMS) in elementary school-aged children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and whether the relationship existed between PA and FMS in this population.
Methods: Children, aged 7-12 years, were divided into two grade groups (grades 1-3, n = 21; grades 4-6, n = 13). FMS performance was assessed using the Test of Gross Motor Development II (TGMD-2) (Ulrich, 2000). PA was assessed using the GT1M accelerometer (Shalimar, Florida) for a week. Mann-Whitney U Tests were used to test significant differences between groups for various types of PA patterns and FMS performance, and they were also used to examine differences in various indices of habitual PA by quartiles of movement skills. Spearman's rank correlation coefficient was calculated to evaluate the relationship between each PA and FMS by children’s grade.
Results: The main findings were that (1) lower grade children spent significantly more percentage of time in moderate PA and moderate-to-vigorous PA than upper grade children; (2) both groups of children with ASD were not significantly different at FMS performance; (3) PA was not significantly correlated with FMS; and (4) no significant association with quartiles of motor skills and PA was found.
Conclusion: Youth age is a significant PA correlate in children with ASD. More longitudinal and cross sectional studies are needed to investigate the importance of PA on FMS.
論文目次 目錄
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
誌謝 III
目錄 IV
表目錄 VI
圖目錄 VII
第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景 1
第二節 研究目的 5
第三節 研究問題與假設 5
第四節 名詞操作性定義 6
第五節 研究範圍與限制 7
第六節 研究之重要性 8
第貳章 文獻探討 10
第一節 ASD之成因 10
第二節 ASD之類型 12
第三節 ASD學童之動作技巧 15
第四節 ASD學童之身體活動 19
第五節 動作技巧與身體活動之相關 21
第六節 文獻小結 23
第參章 研究方法 24
第一節 研究參與者 24
第二節 研究工具 26
第三節 研究程序 27
第四節 資料處理與分析 32
第肆章 研究結果 33
第一節 ASD學童身體活動型態 33
第二節 ASD學童粗大動作技巧 35
第三節 身體活動與粗大動作技巧之相關 37
第四節 粗大動作技巧分數前25%與後25%在身體活動上之差異 39
第伍章 討論 40
第一節 身體活動型態 40
第二節 粗大動作技巧 41
第三節 身體活動與粗大動作技巧之相關 46
第陸章 結論與建議 48
第一節 結論 48
第二節 建議 48
參考文獻 50

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