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系統識別號 U0026-1008201015242400
論文名稱(中文) 台灣區域重大交通建設對家戶區域間遷移與住宅區位之聯合選擇決策
論文名稱(英文) The Jointed Choices of Moving Decisions and Housing Locations Under Major Transportation Constructions in Taiwan Area.
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 都市計劃學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Urban Planning
學年度 98
學期 2
出版年 99
研究生(中文) 葉淑婷
研究生(英文) Shu-Ting Yeh
學號 p2697402
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 61頁
口試委員 指導教授-陳彥仲
口試委員-薛立敏
口試委員-謝博明
口試委員-石豐宇
中文關鍵字 區域間遷移  住宅選擇  重大交通建設  巢式羅吉特 
英文關鍵字 Moving Decisions  Housing choice  Major Transportation Constructions  Nested Multinomial Logit Model 
學科別分類
中文摘要 從1979年開始的「台灣地區國內遷徙調查報告」(Internal Migration Survey in Taiwan Area; IMSITA)統計顯示,台灣每年約有200多萬的遷移人口,其中約五成以上會選擇在原居住的都市內移動,其中,遷移原因是屬於居住關係的,在調查的各年中(2002年與2007年)均在三成至四成間;因工作關係而遷徙的百分比卻從2002年的19.71%增加至2007年的22.48%。本研究主要希望藉由對區域遷移人口在遷移時住宅區位選擇的探討,來推論就業機會,重大交通建設之投入是否會對高房價之台北市遷移家戶的住宅區位選擇產生影響。本研究首先利用政府相關統計資料,歸納整理台灣台北市人口遷移型態及變遷趨勢;再進一步建構一個觀念性模型。在實證研究上,本研究主要利用行政院主計處2002年及2007年「台灣地區國內遷徙調查報告」之原始資料來研究遷徙行為,並以巢式羅吉特模型(Nested Multinomial Logit Model,NL)進行實證估計。
  研究結果顯示,台北市遷移家戶選擇區外遷移時,其遷移時會考量到就業機會,與原居住地之距離,及住宅支出,當其他縣市房價比台北市低,加上就業機會增加,及交通建設之興建,將成為吸引台北市遷移家戶之誘因。
英文摘要 According to the statistics of IMSITA(statistical report of “Internal Migration Survey in Taiwan” ) started in 1979, there has been an annual migration of about two million people. Among them, about over fifty percent would choose to move within the city they originally live in,of which the percentage of people who migrate due to residential ties averages between thirty and forty percent according to the annual surveys from year 2002 to 2007, and the percentage of people who migrate due to working issues increases from 19.71% in 2002 to 22.48% in 2007.The purpose of this study is to examine the housing location choice of the cross-regional migrants which can be used to infer whether the job opportunities and major investments in transportation infrastructure would affect the housing location choice of the migration of households in Taipei where the Housing price is high. In this study, the government-related statistics were used first to collate and to analyze the migration patterns and changing trends of Taipei City in Taiwan, and then a conceptual model was constructed.In the empirical research, the original data of year 2002 and 2007’s "Internal Migration Survey in Taiwan" was acquired from Directorate-General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, Executive Yuan, R.O.C.(Taiwan) to study migration behavior. Then, the Nested Multinomial Logit Model was used for empirical estimates.
The empirical results show that when the migrating households in Taipei choose to move out of the region, they would consider factors of job opportunities, the distance between the new home location and the former home location¸ and the housing expenses. Thus, if other counties or cities are able to provide lower housing prices, increasing job opportunities, and transportation construction, there could be incentives to attract the migrating households to move from Taipei.
論文目次 目錄 I
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機與目的 1
第二節 研究範圍與研究限制 5
第三節 研究內容與架構 7
第四節 研究流程與步驟 8
第二章 文獻回顧 9
第一節 遷移相關理論 9
第二節 人口遷移與住宅市場,就業市場,及交通成本之相關研究 19
第三章 理論模型建構 24
第一節 理論架構 24
第二節 模型建構 26
第三節 相關統計檢定 30
第四章 資料來源及分析 33
第一節 資料說明 33
第二節 樣本的敍述統計說明 34
第五章 實證結果分析 39
第一節 變數選取與變數定義 39
第二節 台北市遷移家戶住宅區位選擇(區內與區外遷移)模式 43
第三節 台北市遷移家戶住宅區位聯合選擇模式 45
第六章 結論與建議 52
第一節 結論 52
第二節 建議 54
參考文獻 56
附錄 60
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