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系統識別號 U0026-1007202015090000
論文名稱(中文) 結合TRIZ與仿生於循環經濟的產品與商業模式創新設計方法
論文名稱(英文) Integrating TRIZ and Biomimetics to Develop Innovative Product and Business Model Design Method for Circular Economy
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 機械工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Mechanical Engineering
學年度 108
學期 2
出版年 109
研究生(中文) 賴聖宇
研究生(英文) Sheng-Yu Lai
學號 N16071304
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 156頁
口試委員 指導教授-陳家豪
口試委員-劉至行
口試委員-施勵行
口試委員-林心恬
中文關鍵字 循環經濟  TRIZ  仿生方法  創新設計 
英文關鍵字 Circular economy  TRIZ  Biomimicry  product design  innovative design 
學科別分類
中文摘要 循環經濟提倡資源的循環再利用,確保能夠以永續、循環再生的方式使用地球資源。轉型至循環經濟時需要以系統的角度思考,除了考慮產品的設計,還需要配合適當的商業模式,並考慮產品在系統中的物質流動。TRIZ為系統化的思考方法,能夠有系統地為設計問題提出有效的解決方法,仿生以大自然作為範本,從生物中取得解決問題的靈感。

本研究結合TRIZ與仿生方法,建構一套幫助轉型循環經濟的產品與商業模式創新設計流程。以TRIZ方法獲得檢索生物案例的關鍵詞彙,並透過生物資料庫搜尋生物案例,作為產品創新設計概念的參考;利用系統階層分析圖分析產品在商業系統的流動,並以物質場獲得改善系統的設計概念。最後對創新設計進行環境效率評估,判斷創新設計是否滿足循環經濟的概念並評估創新設計對於環境層面的影響。
英文摘要 Circular Economy is a concept that seeks a solution to a series of challenges such as resource shortage, environment pollution and waste generation; retain the natural capital and utilize the resource sustainably. When transforming from 'linear economy' to 'circular economy', designers must take a comprehensive perspective and systematic thinking to design products and business models that suffice the concept of circular economy and evaluate the influence when changing the system. TRIZ is a theory, developed by Russian scientist Altshuller, which has a series of tools of problem-solving that can help designers to overcome the problem and find out creative ideas in a systematic way. Biomimicry means 'mimic nature', learning and inspiring the solution of design challenge from nature's species, patterns, and processes.

This study integrates TRIZ and Biomimicry method to develop a process of innovative product and business model design, to aid designers to acquire the concept of product design from TRIZ tools and biological strategies, and use TRIZ: substance-field analysis to develop the business model that suffices the concept of circular economy. Then use a brief assessment method based on the concept of Eco-efficiency from the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) to help designers to evaluate the effect of innovative design strategies on transforming to circular economy and the influence on the environment.
論文目次 摘要 i
Extended Abstract ii
致謝 viii
表目錄 xii
圖目錄 xiii
第一章 前言 1
1.1. 研究動機 1
1.2. 文獻回顧 2
1.2.1. 循環經濟 2
1.2.2. TRIZ方法 9
1.2.3. 仿生方法 11
1.3. 研究目的 16
1.4. 本文架構 16
第二章 創新設計方法 17
2.1. TRIZ方法 17
2.1.1. 40個發明法則 17
2.1.2. 最終理想 19
2.1.3. 聰明小人法 19
2.1.4. 物質場 21
2.2. 仿生方法 24
第三章 循環經濟的產品與商業模式創新設計方法 26
3.1. 結合TRIZ與仿生方法的產品創新設計方法 26
3.1.1. TRIZ方法結合仿生方法 26
3.1.2. 發明法則搜尋生物案例 26
3.1.3. 最終理想搜尋生物案例 27
3.1.4. 分析生物案例 28
3.1.5. 結合TRIZ與仿生方法的產品創新設計方法流程 29
3.2. TRIZ於循環經濟的商業模式創新設計方法 31
3.2.1. 循環經濟的商業模式 31
3.2.2. 分析產品流動 32
3.2.3. 利益物質場 33
3.2.4. TRIZ於循環經濟商業模式創新設計流程 35
3.3. 循環產品與商業模式綠色評估方法 36
第四章 案例演練 38
4.1. 案例演練一:紙餐盒 38
4.1.1. 紙餐盒-產品創新設計 38
4.1.2. 紙餐盒商業模式創新設計 49
4.1.3. 循環產品與商業模式綠色評估 56
4.2. 案例演練二:吸管 60
4.2.1. 吸管產品創新設計 60
4.2.2. 吸管商業模式設計 69
4.2.3. 循環產品與商業模式綠色評估 73
4.3. 案例演練三:空氣清淨機 77
4.3.1. 空氣清淨機產品創新設計 77
4.3.2. 空氣清淨機商業模式創新設計 87
4.3.3. 循環產品與商業模式綠色評估 91
第五章 結論與建議 93
5.1. 結論 93
5.2. 建議 94
參考文獻 95
附錄 A 39個工程參數 (Clarke, 1997) 102
附錄 B 40個發明法則 (Clarke, 1997) 104
附錄 C 矛盾矩陣表 (Altshuller, 2005) 108
附錄 D TRIZ 40個創新法則之生物案例及關鍵字表(王珮綺,2018) 113
附錄 E 新修正之單一特性法則(劉志成,2003) 153
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