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系統識別號 U0026-1006201413283600
論文名稱(中文) 改質水庫淤泥對夯壓土塊材質之影響
論文名稱(英文) Effect of OMRS on the Physical Properties of Compressed Stabilized Earth Blocks
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 土木工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Civil Engineering
學年度 102
學期 2
出版年 103
研究生(中文) 伊莎圖
研究生(英文) Isatou F Ceesay
學號 N66017198
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 49頁
口試委員 指導教授-黃忠信
口試委員-張瑞宏
口試委員-林育芸
口試委員-王雲哲
口試委員-侯琮欽
中文關鍵字 none 
英文關鍵字 Compressed earth blocks  reservoir sludge  compressive strength  water absorption 
學科別分類
中文摘要 none
英文摘要 Earth blocks are generally brittle, weak and vulnerable to damage. Cement and lime have been used as a stabilizing agent to improve the compressive strength and water absorption capacity of compressed stabilized earth blocks (CSEB) and also make them suitable for
construction. Stabilizers are usually blended with industrial by-products to enhance the engineering properties as well as to get rid of waste. In Taiwan, the disposal of reservoir sludge has become a big issue. The reservoir sludge, mainly consisting of smectite clay, is organomodified by a cationic exchange reaction and becomes hydrophobic. This research outlines the results of an experimental study to assess the effects of Organo -Modified Reservoir Sludge (OMRS) on Compressed Stabilized Earth Blocks (CSEB). Earth blocks Stabilized with various percentage of Lime-OMRS, Cement-OMRS and plain Cement were produced and tested for compressive strength and water absorption tests. Experimental results reviled that the optimal dosage of OMRS for Cement-OMRS stabilizer is 3% and for Lime-OMRS stabilizer is 1% by weight. OMRS powders served as fine aggregates were as filled in the void spaces to create a denser CSEB which leads to higher compressive strength and lower water absorption value compared to that of plain cement stabilizer.
論文目次 List of Tables .......................................... 4
List of Figures ........................................ 5
Abstract ............................................... 6
Chapter 1. Introduction ................................. 7
1.1 Introduction of compressed stabilized earth blocks. 7
1.2 International standard sizes of CSEB ................ 8
1.3 Compressive strength of CSEB ....................... 9
1.4 Objectives......................................... 10
1.5 Scope of Thesis ................................... 11
Chapter 2. Literature Review ........................... 13
2.1 Compressed stabilized earth block ................ 13
2.2 Stabilization of compressed earth blocks .......... 15
2.2.1 Cement stabilization ............................ 15
2.2.2 Lime stabilization .............................. 16
2.2.3 Organo-Modified Reservoir Sludge (OMRS) used as an admixture in cement mortar. ............................ 17
2.3 The use of compressed earth block ................ 18
2.4 Data on CSEB ..................................... 21
2.5 Advantages and Limitations of earth construction . 22
2.6 Sustainability and environmental friendliness of CSEB ..........................................................23
Chapter 3. Materials and Experimental Methods........... 25
3.1 Materials and materials preparation ............... 25
3.2 Portland cement with OMRS ......................... 27
3.3 Quick Lime with OMRS ............................. 28
3.4 Sample preparation ................................. 30
3.5 Tests scheme ...................................... 35
Chapter 4. Results and Discussion ..................... 37
4.1 Compressive strength ............................. 37
4.2 Water absorption ................................. 41
Chapter 5. Conclusion and Suggestion ................... 45
5.1 Conclusion ........................................ 45
5.2 Suggestions ...................................... 46
References ...............................................47
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