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系統識別號 U0026-1002201921393100
論文名稱(中文) 鉬鐵爐碴中鉬資源再生之研究
論文名稱(英文) Recovery of Molybdenum from Ferro-molybdenum Slag
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 資源工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Resources Engineering
學年度 107
學期 1
出版年 108
研究生(中文) 梁文誠
研究生(英文) Wen-Cheng Liang
電子信箱 sky940412@gmail.com
學號 N46051172
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 102頁
口試委員 指導教授-陳偉聖
口試委員-胡紹華
口試委員-王文裕
口試委員-王立邦
中文關鍵字 鉬鐵爐碴  燒鹼焙燒  水浸漬  胺類萃取  提煉冶金 
英文關鍵字 Fe-Mo slag  NaOH molten salt roasting  water leaching  amine extraction  extractive metallurgy 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本研究針對鉬鐵爐碴中鉬資源再生建立一套回收系統,鉬鐵爐碴中含有1.85wt%的氧化鉬含量,極具有回收再利用之價值,採提煉冶金資源化技術,其內容可分為焙燒預處理、浸漬、純化與分離、金屬化合物採取。
鉬鐵爐碴是一種由鉬、矽、鐵、鋁、鈣、鎂、鈉和鉀等金屬氧化物組成的氧化碴,經氫氧化鈉鹼焙燒,可將鉬、矽和鋁等氧化物會轉化為易溶於水的鈉鹽類,在鹼礦比4(g/g)、焙燒溫度600℃、焙燒2小時的操作條件下,鉬鐵爐碴中鉬氧化物優先轉化為鉬酸鈉鹽,鉬轉化率達98%;在浸漬階段,以水浸漬可選擇性使鉬溶出率達99.5%以上,並將鐵、鈣、鎂等不溶於水之雜質金屬留於渣相中。
溶媒萃取法分離鉬與其他雜質金屬,選用胺類萃取劑TOA(trioctylamine)、改質劑TBP(Tributyl phosphate)溶於煤油,在萃取階段以TOA濃度為0.1M、TBP/TOA=3、水油比=5、震盪時間10分鐘、萃取平衡酸鹼度=2.8的操作條件下,鉬有最佳萃取效率達99.5%;反萃取階段,以氨水濃度2M、油水比=2、震盪時間10分鐘,鉬反萃率達99.5%。反萃水相中雜質含量極低,加入硝酸使鉬酸銨沉澱,低溫結晶蒸發得鉬酸銨晶體,再經400℃鍛燒得純度99%以上的三氧化鉬。鉬鐵爐碴鉬資源化之總體回收率約97%。
英文摘要 Upon the development of industry, the exploitation of molybdenum will be exhausted soon than later. Ferro-molybdenum is an additive in producing HSLA. The procedure of manufacturing Fe-Mo would generated Fe-Mo slag which was consist with 1.85 wt% MoO3. This study described a metallurgical route for recovering Mo from Fe-Mo slag using NaOH molten salt roasting, water leaching, amine solvent extraction and preparation of MoO3 process was investigated. Through NaOH molten salt roasting process, MoO3 was converted to Na-type structure in priority which was leached easily by water and left unconverted impurities in solid phase. Mo (VI) formed cationic, neutral and anionic structures because of different from pH, so it was important to control suitable pH equilibrium to achieve optimal Mo extraction efficiency. Solvent extraction choosing amine extractant TOA and stripping using ammonia could concentrate plenty of Mo to produce Mo metallic compound like ammonium molybdate and molybdenum oxide. Overall, the total Mo recovery efficiency from Fe-Mo slag was about 97%.
論文目次 目錄
中文摘要 I
Extended Abstract II
誌謝 VIII
目錄 IX
表目錄 XII
圖目錄 XIII
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 研究動機與目的 3
第二章 理論基礎與文獻回顧 4
2.1 鉬的基本性質[ 18 ] 4
2.2 含鉬廢棄物資源化現況 7
2.3 鉬鐵爐碴資源化技術 8
2.3.1 焙燒預處理(Roasting pretreatment) 9
2.3.2 浸漬(Leaching) 13
2.3.3 純化與分離(Purification & Separation) 20
2.3.3.1化學沉澱法(Chemical Precipitation) 20
2.3.3.2溶媒萃取法(Solvent Extraction) 21
2.3.4 鉬金屬化合物採取(Mo metallic compound recovery) 35
第三章 實驗方法與步驟 36
3.1 實驗材料 36
3.1.1 實驗樣品-鉬鐵爐碴特性概述 36
3.1.2 實驗樣品製備 39
3.1.3 實驗藥品 43
3.2 研究架構及實驗流程 44
3.2.1 研究架構 44
3.2.2 實驗流程 45
3.2.2.1 鉬鐵爐碴特性分析 45
3.2.2.2 鉬鐵爐碴焙燒前處理 46
3.2.2.3 鉬鐵爐碴浸漬 47
3.2.2.4 鉬純化分離(溶媒萃取法) 49
3.2.2.5 鉬金屬化合物採取 53
3.2.3 儀器介紹 54
第四章 結果與討論 57
4.1 鉬鐵爐碴特性分析 57
4.2 鉬鐵爐碴焙燒前處理之研究探討 65
4.3 鉬鐵爐碴浸漬之研究探討 71
4.3.1 直接酸/鹼浸漬 71
4.3.2 加壓鹼浸漬 72
4.3.3 鹼焙燒水浸漬 73
4.3.4 鉬鐵爐碴浸漬小結 76
4.4 鉬金屬溶媒萃取之研究探討 77
4.4.1萃取結果 77
4.4.2反萃取結果 84
4.4.3 萃取劑回用對鉬萃取及反萃取的影響 87
4.4.4 鉬溶媒萃取分離小結 88
4.5 鉬金屬化合物採取 89
第五章 結論與建議 90
5.1 結論 90
5.2 建議 92
第六章 參考文獻 93
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