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系統識別號 U0026-1002201410144800
論文名稱(中文) 多元文化經驗如何影響俄羅斯學生對俄羅斯與西方媒體衝突的反應
論文名稱(英文) Impact of Multicultural Experience on Attitude toward the Conflict between Western and Russian Media among Russian Students
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 創意產業設計研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Creative Industry Design
學年度 102
學期 1
出版年 103
研究生(中文) 莎敏娜
研究生(英文) Elizaveta Shalagina
學號 PA6017018
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 90頁
口試委員 指導教授-劉世南
口試委員-謝孟達
口試委員-楊佳翰
召集委員-高如妃
中文關鍵字 none 
英文關鍵字 Media  Multicultural experience  Hybrid Regime  Russia 
學科別分類
中文摘要 在俄羅斯的歷史裡,政府對媒體的影響很大,而媒體影響著所有社會人民的思想。雖然由於全球化和易接近的媒介,年青人在網際網路時代成長,有機會體驗到所有可能的信息來源,但他們大多仍遵循政府定下的法規。面對似是而非的消息,我們認為多元文化的經驗是塑造態度的關鍵,尤其是,本研究提案的目的,研究俄羅斯年青人如何回應西方媒體,他們的文化經驗作為一緩和角色,使他們更開放地面對西方媒體。我們的主要研究,是俄羅斯的年青人擁有高度的多元文化經驗,更開放地面對.
英文摘要 Russian ruling elite throughout the history has great impact on the media which affects minds of all social spheres. Although due to globalization and accessible media, young adults raised in the Internet Era in Russia have a chance to experience all possible source of information, most of them follow politics that prescribed by the government. In this study, we identify the critical role of multicultural experience in shaping attitude toward paradoxical news, in particular, the present study examines how young adults from Russia respond to Western media, and the moderating role of their cultural experience is more open towards Western media. Our main finding indicates that young adults from Russia with multicultural experience, polyculturalism and high integrative complexity have a positive effect of favorable attitude toward conflict between Western and Russian media.
論文目次 ABSTRACT I
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS II
TABLE OF CONTENTS III
LIST OF TABLES VII
LIST OF FIGURES IX
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Research Background. 1
1.2 Research Objectives and Contributions. 2
1.3 Research Structure. 5
CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW 6
2.1 Soviet Union, Iron Curtain, Cold War and Censorship 6
2.1.1 War with Afghanistan 7
2.1.2 Radio Jamming 8
2.1.3 Banning Nobel Laureates in Literature 9
2.1.4 Warsaw Pact Invasion of Czechoslovakia 1968 10
2.2 The Putin era: Russian and Western Media 10
2.3 Russian Media vs. Western Media 12
2.3.1 Anna Politkovskaya 13
2.3.2 Paul Klebnikov 14
2.3.3 Alexander Litvinenko 14
2.4 Definition of Relevant Research Variables. 14
2.4.1 Negative Attitude toward West 14
2.4.2 Students with Multicultural Experience 15
2.4.3 Need for Closure 16
2.4.4 Openness to New Experience (IPIP Big 5 Factor Markers) 17
2.4.5 Multicultural Ideology 17
2.4.6 Integrative Complexity 18
2.5 Developments of Research Hypotheses. 19
2.5.1 The Relationship between Multicultural Experience and Trust toward Foreign Media. 19
2.5.2 The Relationship between Multicultural Experience and Need for Cognitive Closure. 19
2.5.3 The Relationship between Multicultural Experience and Openness to New Experience. 19
2.5.4 The Relationship between Multicultural Ideology and Foreign Ideas. 20
2.5.5 The Relationship between Integrative Complexity and Foreign Ideas. 21
CHAPTER THREE RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY 22
3.1 The Research Framework 22
3.2 Construct, Variables, and Measurements 23
3.2.1 Need for Cognitive Closure 23
3.2.2 Openness to New Experience 24
3.2.3 Multicultural Ideology 25
3.2.4 Integrative Complexity 26
3.2.5 Western and Russian Media 27
3.2.6 Control Variables 29
3.3 Research Design 30
3.3.1 Case Selection 30
3.3.2 Questionnaire Design 30
3.3.3 Research Participants 30
3.4 Data Analysis Procedure. 31
3.4.1 Descriptive Statistics Analysis. 31
3.4.2 Confirmatory Factor Analysis and Reliability Test. 31
3.4.3 Common Method Variance. 32
3.4.5 Pearson Correlation Analysis. 32
3.4.6 Multiple Linear Regression Analysis 33
3.5 Summary of Hypotheses 33
CHAPTER FOUR ANALYSIS AND RESULTS 35
4.1 Quantitative Data Analysis 35
4.1.1 Descriptive Statistic Analysis 35
4.1.2 Mean, Standard deviation, and Pearson Correlation. 37
4.1.3 Multiple Linear Regressions 38
4.1.4 Logistic Regression on W-R+/W+R- 50
4.2 Discussion 50
4.3 Interview Results 52
CHAPTER FIVE CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTIONS 54
5.1 Conclusion 54
5.2 Research Limitations 55
5.3 Suggestions for Future Research 55
REFERENCES 57
APPENDICES 60
Appendix 1: The Questionnaire (English Version) 60
Appendix 2: The Questionnaire (Russian Version) 75

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