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系統識別號 U0026-1002201019442300
論文名稱(中文) 以開放地理識別碼提升網路資源整合應用
論文名稱(英文) The Improvement of Integration and Application of Internet Resource by Open Geographic Identifier
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 測量及空間資訊學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Geomatics
學年度 98
學期 1
出版年 99
研究生(中文) 周育民
研究生(英文) Yu-Min Chou
學號 p6696107
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 141頁
口試委員 指導教授-洪榮宏
口試委員-江渾欽
口試委員-蔡博文
中文關鍵字 地理識別碼  圖徵  網路資源  地理資訊系統 
英文關鍵字 Geographic identifier  Feature  Internet resource  Geographic Informaion system 
學科別分類
中文摘要 網際網路技術日新月異之發展帶動了多元化資訊之建置與流通。雖然許多資訊(例如網頁或部落格文章)之內容帶有空間之意涵,但由於並非基礎於數值坐標之描述方式,屬於非直接空間參考(Indirect Spatial Referencing)之描述,因此無法充分利用地理資訊系統環境之地圖介面或空間資訊技術而提昇應用之範疇與實效。是否可有效辨識其描述內容之空間意涵,並與空間資訊技術結合因此成為後續應用之首要挑戰。
近年之地理資訊模擬與流通已趨向基礎於圖徵(Feature)之概念而發展,伴隨開放式之資料架構與技術,異質資訊之流通、整合與應用也成為重要之發展課題。由於網頁之內容也常以圖徵為描述對象,兩者之間隱然具有可串連運作之可能性。本研究結合標準化地理識別碼、地標圖徵服務及開放格式資料等三類技術,發展網路資源整合之基礎架構。各類網路資源可透過設計之開放地理識別碼描述架構而建立應有之關聯,經標準化設計之地理識別碼可再透過地標圖徵服務而取得相關之坐標描述,並進一步藉助地理資訊系統之空間技術運作而提升展示或分析之效能。
本架構之最大特色為由標準化圖徵識別及空間資訊技術之發展而進一步分析廣大網路資源之相互關係,突破以往僅以關鍵字比對為搜尋條件的限制。未來之地理識別圖徵服務則可由專責之政府或民間機構維護,且開放之架構允許開放透明之資訊整合應用。地理資訊之建置者與應用者將可更進一步各司其職,創造協同合作之最大效益,也可能因此徹底改變未來網路資源應用與整合之模式。
英文摘要 The rapid development of Internet technology has dramatically modified how information is created and distributed. Although a lot of information in internet (such as web pages or blog articles) is created with implicit spatial meaning, its recording is not based on numeric coordinates. This type of indirect spatial referencing information cannot be directly displayed in the GIS map interface and take advantages of the geospatial technology to expand the application scope and improve the integrated efficiency. How to effectively identify the spatial meaning hidden in text-based description and process by geospatial technology therefore becomes an urgent challenge.
In recent years, the modeling and distribution of geospatial information has changed to be based on individual feature. With the development of open data architecture and technology, the distribution, integration and application of heterogeneous geospatial data become
important topics. Because the text-based description in homepages is also often based on individual feature, to establish links between these two types of internet resources on the basis of features become possible.
This study intends to integrate standardized geographic identifier, landmark feature service and open data format to develop a fundamental framework for the integration of internet resources. The relationship between various types of internet resources can be established via the geographic identification framework in open data format. This standardized geographic identifier can then serve as the basis for issuing IV requests to the landmark feature service to acquire the required coordinates. The acquired coordinate is furthermore used to improve the spatial display and spatial analysis of internet resources by introducing geospatial technology.
The most prominent characteristic of this framework is to integrate the standardized encoding of geographic identifier and the development of geospatial technology to further establish the interacting relationships between different types of internet resources, such that the search of internet resource will not be restricted to keyword matching only. In the future, the geographic identifier service can be maintained by responsible
government bureau or civilian organizations. The open architecture will allow open and transparent data integration and application. With the proposed mechanism, the creator and users only need to pay attention to their own duties and in the meantime achieve the highest cooperative benefit. This also points out a possibility to revolutionize the model of the integration and application of internet resources in the future.
論文目次 摘要 I
Abstract III
致謝 I
目錄 II
表目錄 V
圖目錄 V
第一章、緒論 1
1.1研究背景 1
1.2研究目標 5
1.3研究流程與方法 8
1.4論文架構 10
第二章、網路資源之相關研究 12
2.1地理資料擷取之概念與發展 13
2.1.1自動抽取新詞建立專業領域用詞 13
2.1.2以資料範例擷取網路資料 17
2.2地理資料包裝 19
2.2.1 Geography Markup Language 19
2.2.2 GeoRSS 22
2.2.3 Geotagging 27
2.2.4 KML及KMZ格式 29
2.3網路地理資訊之相關應用 31
2.3.1位置搜尋的應用-地名辭典 31
2.3.2地緣方面的應用-地圖日記 34
2.3.3類別項目搜尋的應用-你的地圖網 36
2.3.4開放標準服務的應用-網路圖徵服務 36
第三章、網路資源地理識別架構之設計 41
3.1網路地理資源 43
3.1.1網路地理資源特性與識別描述探討 43
3.2網路資源資料包裝基本型態 53
3.2.1現行網路資源格式 53
3.2.2擴充資源格式 54
3.2.4資料整合之探討 56
3.3地理識別標籤描述架構 61
3.3.1網路資源類別 65
3.3.2識別項目類別 68
3.3.3階層項目類別 70
3.3.4時間項目類別 72
3.3.5 Geometry項目類別 74
3.4標準化識別碼的互動方式 76
第四章、圖徵應用介面流程設計 78
4.1圖徵資料介紹 80
4.2現行網路資源引入地理識別資源架構的流程建議 81
4.2.1擷取網路資源原始檔 82
4.2.2串連關係之建立 85
4.2.3製作XSL展示樣板 87
4.3識別串連之流程規劃 89
4.3.1地理識別資料串連處理流程 90
4.3.2空間資料串連處理流程 94
4.3.3階層地理識別資料串連處理流程 98
4.4地理識別碼應用於圖徵服務 99
4.4.1識別服務資訊 99
4.4.2 圖徵識別服務 101
第五章、系統測試及分析 108
5.1系統開發軟體與系統環境說明 108
5.2實驗資料 110
5.3使用者介面與系統功能 114
5.4系統測試 117
5.4.1辨識與豐富識別資訊 117
5.4.2識別資料與空間資料串連 119
5.4.3歷史識別資料串連 131
第六章、結論與未來建議 134
6.1結論 134
6.2未來建議 135
參考標準 137
參考文獻 138
自述 141

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