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系統識別號 U0026-0908201910364300
論文名稱(中文) 使用遙測影像推估參數用於山崩潛勢定率模型之研究
論文名稱(英文) Using parameter inversed by remote sensing data to assist the deterministic method applied to shallow landslide analysis
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 資源工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Resources Engineering
學年度 107
學期 2
出版年 108
研究生(中文) 曾俞瑄
研究生(英文) Yu-Hsuan Tseng
學號 N46064036
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 76頁
口試委員 指導教授-余騰鐸
口試委員-廖志中
口試委員-楊名
口試委員-劉啟清
口試委員-潘爾年
中文關鍵字 定率式模型  TRIGRS  土壤含水量  後向散射係數  合成孔徑雷達  水雲模型 
英文關鍵字 deterministic model  TRIGRS  soil water content  backscatter coefficient  SAR  water cloud model 
學科別分類
中文摘要 由於台灣地形陡峭、地質複雜破碎,加上山區過度開發與近年來降雨模式改變,每當有強降雨發生,山崩、土石流等災害將危害民眾的生命財產。探討邊坡穩定程度與降雨之關聯性並推估出降雨臨界閾值,將有助於預測崩塌位置並提前發出警報,評估降雨閾值的方法中則以物理為基礎的定率分析法較為突出,然而定率法有礙於其模型與參數需求過於複雜,而難以推廣其應用。現今衛星遙測技術發展蓬勃,衛星影像趨於高解析度、週期性短、且易於取得的優勢,在推估地表參數方面已有不少研究,本研究試以探討遙測影像推估參數用於定率性模型之可行性,衛星影像選用Sentinel-1之合成孔徑雷達影像來取得後向散射係數,並以Sentinel-2高光譜影像結合輻射傳輸模型獲得植被描述指數,接著透過水雲模型(Water Cloud Model)輔以修正植被散射之影響,以推求出地表土壤含水量。然而該研究方法所推得之結果,尚無法直接反映出研究區之真實情況,因此本研究針對水雲模型之輸入資料,以不同條件進行運算及成果比對,以探討模型演算過程中對結果影響程度較大之因子,進而討論目標區對後向散射係數研究之限制。
英文摘要 To reduce the damage of landslide disasters caused by extremely heavy rainfall, rainfall threshold estimating is a way to predict landslides potential that may improve the early alert system. Transient Rainfall Infiltration and Grid-Based Regional Slope-Stability (TRIGRS) model (Baum et al. 2002) is widely used for rainfall-induced shallow landslide forecasting and also can be used for estimating rainfall threshold. But it was usually a hard work to obtain the required data cause the field survey is costly and time-consuming.
The dielectric constant is a measure of the electric properties of surface materials. It’s also highly dependent on the moisture content of the material and associated with radar reflectivity, which can be numerized as backscatter coefficient. This study attempts to retrieve soil water content with satellite image. By using synthetic aperture radar (SAR) from Sentinel-1 and hyperspectral from Sentinel-2 to obtain backscatter coefficient and vegetation description index, respectively. Then utilizing the water cloud model to correct the influence of vegetation scattering to estimate the surface soil water content. Other parameters needed in water cloud model mainly refered to Kam-Lon Chan (2018), which had buit a linear equation for estimating soil moisture in Taiwan, by regressing field data of soil water content and backscatter coefficient.
However, result of the estimation is not only showing a large numerical error but also lacking in the effective representation of the real situation. To figure out the reason, this study compares different conditions of model’s input to look for the factor that significantly influences the model process, and then, the terrain of the mountainous area is considered as the main reason. Limitations of the target area on the research of backscatter coefficient are be discussed and concluded.
論文目次 摘要 I
Abstract II
誌謝 V
目錄 VI
圖目錄 VIII
表目錄 XI
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 研究目的與動機 2
1.3 研究流程 2
第二章 文獻回顧 4
2.1 山崩臨界雨量研究方法 4
2.2 降雨入滲模式相關研究 6
2.3 遙測影像推估土壤含水量 8
2.3.1 被動式光學雷達 9
2.3.2 被動式微波雷達 10
2.3.3 主動式微波雷達 10
2.4 合成孔徑雷達 12
2.4.1 影響SAR影像成像之因素 13
2.4.2 後向散射模型(Backscatter Model) 15
第三章 研究區域與方法 17
3.1 研究區域概述 17
3.2 動態水文模式 18
3.3 研究資料與工具 21
3.3.1 研究區參數資料蒐集 22
3.3.2 衛星遙測資料 27
3.3.3 遙測資料前處理 30
3.4 植被後向散射係數 35
3.4.1 水雲模型(Water Cloud Model) 35
3.4.2 PROSAIL輻射傳輸模型 37
第四章 結果與討論 41
4.1 含水量之推估結果 41
4.1.1 不同研究區比對 42
4.1.2 Level-2A產品比對 45
4.1.3 植生情形比對 49
4.1.4 不同參數使用比對 50
4.2 後向散射係數影響因子 52
4.3 討論 55
第五章 結論與建議 66
5.1 結論 66
5.2 建議 68
參考文獻 70
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