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系統識別號 U0026-0908201114493100
論文名稱(中文) 地震作用下磁浮列車行車之脫軌分析研究
論文名稱(英文) Derailment Study of Maglev Trains Moving On Bridges During Earthquakes
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 土木工程學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Civil Engineering
學年度 99
學期 2
出版年 100
研究生(中文) 梁志章
研究生(英文) Chi-Cheong Leong
學號 n66994015
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 120頁
口試委員 指導教授-朱聖浩
口試委員-徐德修
口試委員-王永明
口試委員-鍾興陽
中文關鍵字 磁浮列車  脫軌  軌道不整度  PI控制  地震  有限元素法 
英文關鍵字 maglev train  derailment  rail irregularity  PI control  earthquake  finite element method 
學科別分類
中文摘要 在現今世代,相對於傳統的輪軌火車,磁浮列車帶來了更多的便利與經濟效益。為能普及此一嶄新的交通運輸系統,必須慎重考量其行車之安全性。由於磁浮列車對其與軌道間之懸浮空隙與振動甚為敏感,若其位處於地震帶或附近,勢必造成一定之影響,故磁浮系統對於地震所帶來的安全威脅實不容忽略。本論文旨在利用有限元素法建立一套磁浮火車-軌道-橋樑之模型,採用PI控制系統來控制行車時之動態行為,並利用2010年3月4日於新化測站所錄得的台灣甲仙地震資料,來分析一磁浮火車受地震作用時之脫軌行為。研究結果顯示若放大初始懸浮和導軌空隙,將能有效地減低軌道不整度的影響,同時較大的側向電磁力與初始懸浮和導軌空隙亦能減低脫軌的風險。此外,簡支樑之間的間隔並沒有為磁浮列車帶來任何影響,這跟傳統的輪軌火車有著完全不同的分別。
英文摘要 In this generation, relative to the conventional rail-wheeled train, maglev (magnetically-levitated) trains have more benefits of convenience and economic profits. For the popularization of this new transport system, the safety of the maglev trains has to be taken into account. Since maglev trains can be affected directly by the levitation gap and the vibration between the maglev train and the guideway, if it is in or near the seismic zone, it will inevitably cause a certain effect, so the safety threats due to the earthquake must not be ignored. For this thesis, a maglev train-guideway-bridge model is generated by using the finite element method, and the proportional integral (PI) control system is applied to control the dynamic behaviors of the maglev train. The earthquake which was measured at Xinhua station, occurred in Jiasian, Taiwan on March 4th, 2010 is then performed, for the purpose of analyzing the derailment of maglev train during the earthquakes. The result shows that enlarge the initial levitation and guidance gap can significantly reduce the influences of rail irregularities. It can also reduce the risk of derailment with a larger lateral electromagnetic force and the initial levitation and guidance gap. Moreover, the gaps between the simply supported beams do not bring any effect to maglev trains. This is totally different from conventional rail-wheeled trains.
論文目次 摘要 I
Abstract II
誌謝 III
Content IV
List of Table VII
List of Figure VIII
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Background and purpose 1
1.2 Literature review 1
1.3 Brief account of this study 7
Chapter 2 Theory Illustrations 9
2.1 Introduction 9
2.2 The framework of the EMS system 9
2.3 Rail irregularity 10
2.4 The theory of the PI controller 11
2.5 The formulation of the electromagnetic force 13
2.6 The process of the maglev control system 14
2.7 The theory of Timoshenko beam 17
2.8 The Equation of Motion 21
2.9 Newmark Method 22
2.10 The force of maglev wheel 24
2.11 The formulations of spring-damper and lumped mass element 25
2.12 The Rigid Link Effect 26
2.13 Rayleigh Damping 28
Chapter 3 The Programs and Cases 35
3.1 Introduction 35
3.2 Programs for finite element analysis 35
3.2.1 The mv3deq program 36
3.2.2 The AB program 36
3.2.3 The AD program 36
3.2.4 The AN program 37
3.3 Procedure of the finite element analysis 37
3.4 Numerical procedures of MV2d and MV3d 38
3.5 Models introduction 39
3.5.1 Testing models of MV2d and AN programs 39
3.5.2 Testing models of MV3d and AN programs 41
3.6 Conclusion of MV2d and AN Programs 42
3.7 Conclusion of MV3d and AN Programs 44
Chapter 4 Seismic Response Analysis 58
4.1 Introduction 58
4.2 Finite element model 58
4.3 The pre-work of the derailment analysis 60
4.4 Earthquake data 60
4.5 Derailment event illustration 61
4.6 Cases introduction 62
4.7 Results of the analysis 66
Chapter 5 Conclusions and Future Works 95
5.1 Conclusions 95
5.2 Future Work 97
References 98
Appendix I 103
Appendix II 106
Appendix III 110
Appendix IV 118
自述 120
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