進階搜尋


 
系統識別號 U0026-0908201010294600
論文名稱(中文) 永磁馬達特性快速檢測系統設計
論文名稱(英文) Design of a Fast Characteristics Measurement System for Permanent Magnet Motors
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 機械工程學系專班
系所名稱(英) Department of Mechanical Engineering (on the job class)
學年度 98
學期 2
出版年 99
研究生(中文) 吳建諭
研究生(英文) Chien-Yu Wu
學號 n1797110
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 76頁
口試委員 指導教授-蔡明祺
口試委員-鄭銘揚
口試委員-陳世樂
口試委員-王明賢
中文關鍵字 永磁馬達  永磁馬達系統模型  永磁馬達參數估測  量測系統 
英文關鍵字 permanent magnet motors  permanent magnet motor model  motor parameters  measurement system 
學科別分類
中文摘要 永磁馬達具有體積小效率高等優點,需求量十分龐大;為了維持生產品質,得依賴馬達特性量測設備進行檢驗。由於傳統量測儀器測試時間冗長,不足以應付現今量產速率;本論文提出一套永磁馬達快速檢測系統,以符合產業界所需。
由於馬達特性量測技術已具有明確規範,故本論文於IEEE標準中分類比較出最具效益之量測方式,做為本論文量測系統主軸。從永磁馬達能量轉換著手,分析各種損失情況,重新定義永磁馬達系統模型。提出新式永磁馬達參數估測技術,可求得永磁馬達反電動勢常數、轉矩常數、損失轉矩、速度損失係數及慣量;搭配量測數據繪製馬達特性曲線圖,完成永磁馬達特性檢測。
本量測系統以LabVIEW為介面,加入偏差評估及錯誤判斷,具有自主審查功能。實驗採用三種不同類型之永磁馬達測試,證實本量測系統具有良好的適用性。將量測結果與其他量測方式進行比較,驗證本量測系統為凖確且可信。
英文摘要 Permanent magnet motors are highly demanded in industry for their distinct advantages such as high efficiency and small volume. For the purpose of quality management, measurement of motor characteristics is necessary to ensure the performance of motors. The traditional testing system, which requires long testing times, is unable to meet the industry’s needs for quick fabrication. Therefore, this thesis proposes a fast characteristics measurement system for permanent magnet motors, which is suitable for industry’s high production rate demands.
Four types of IEEE standard test procedures were compared in this thesis, of which the most beneficial result was obtained from the measurement system. The definition of a new permanent magnet motor model with power loss condition was redefined, which is produced by the energy transformation. A novel technique for estimating the motor parameters, e.g., back-EMF constant, torque constant, torque loss, speed loss and inertia, was proposed. The motor characteristics can be calculated with the motor parameters and measurement data.
The measurement system, whose interface is programmed by LabVIEW, possesses the function of deviation count and error logic. Three types of permanent magnet motors were utilized to verify the feasibility of the measurement system in the experiment. The effectiveness of the presented measurement system was verified as valid by comparing the estimated result with that of other measurement systems.
論文目次 目 錄
中文摘要 II
英文摘要 III
誌謝 V
目錄 VI
表目錄 IX
圖目錄 X
符號表 XIV
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機 2
1.2 研究背景與文獻回顧 4
1.2.1 量測輸入法 4
1.2.2 加速度法 5
1.2.3 輸入法 6
1.2.4 直接量測法 6
1.2.5 轉子慣量 8
1.3 論文架構 10
第二章 永磁馬達系統架構分析 11
2.1 永磁馬達標準模型 12
2.2 永磁馬達損失分析 14
2.2.1 電壓降損 14
2.2.2 銅損 15
2.2.3 鐵損 16
2.2.3.1 磁滯損 16
2.2.3.2 渦流損 17
2.2.4 摩擦損 17
2.2.5 黏滯損 19
2.2.6 風損 19
2.3 永磁馬達模型建立與定義 21
第三章 永磁馬達參數與特性量測 24
3.1 永磁馬達參數估測 24
3.1.1 減速區分析 25
3.1.2 穩速區分析 26
3.1.3 加速區分析 27
3.2 永磁馬達特性量測 27
3.2.1 轉矩特性分析 27
3.2.2 輸出功率特性分析 29
3.2.3 輸入電流特性分析 30
3.2.4 輸入功率特性分析 31
3.2.5 效率特性分析 32
3.3 永磁馬達特性量測流程規劃 33
第四章 量測系統架構與實驗結果 35
4.1 實驗系統架構與軟硬體介紹 35
4.2 永磁馬達特性量測實驗結果 39
4.2.1 有刷直流永磁馬達 39
4.2.2 無刷永磁馬達 47
4.2.3 伺服馬達 52
4.3 永磁馬達特性量測系統實驗結果 54
第五章 永磁馬達特性量測系統驗證 56
5.1 永磁馬達系統參數驗證 56
5.1.1 產品規格比較 56
5.1.2 MATLAB模擬比較 58
5.1.3 慣量塊測試 61
5.1.4 已知慣量法比較 63
5.1.5 永磁馬達系統參數驗證結果 65
5.2 永磁馬達特性曲線驗證 65
5.3 永磁馬達特性量測系統驗證結果 68
第六章 結論與未來研究建議 70
6.1 結論 70
6.2 未來研究建議 71
參考文獻 72
自述 76
參考文獻 [1] 經濟部能源局,http://www.moeaec.gov.tw/。
[2] 薛乃綺,探討綠能環境風潮下車用馬達市場的發展前景,馬達科技數位學習網,馬達電子報,第382期,2010。
[3] IEEE Guide Test Procedures for Direct-current Machines, ANSI/IEEE Std 113-1985.
[4] IEEE Guide Test Procedures for Synchronous Machines, ANSI/IEEE Std 115-1985.
[5] Cahill D.P.M., and Adkins B., “The Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Motor,” Proceedings of the IEE – Part A: Power Engineering, Vol. 109, No. 48, pp. 483-491, Dec. 1962.
[6] 吳建諭,Permanent Magnet Brushless Motor Control 永磁無刷馬達控制,馬達科技數位學習網,馬達電子報,第167期,2006。
[7] Campbell P., Permanent Magnet Materials and Their Application, Cambridge University Press, June. 1996.
[8] 李碩晉,無動力計永磁直流馬達特性量測,國立成功大學機械工程學系碩士論文,2008。
[9] Sagarduy J., and Moses A. J., “Copper Winding Losses in Matrix Converter-fed Induction Motors: A Study Based on Skin Effect and Conductor Heating,” Power Electronics Specialists Conference, PESC, IEEE, pp. 3192-3198, June 2008.
[10] Nam H., Ha K. H., Lee J. J., Hong J. P., and Kang G. H., “A Study on Iron Loss Analysis Method Considering the Harmonics of the Flux Density Waveform Using Iron Loss Curves Tested on Epstein Samples,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Vol. 39, No. 3, pp. 1472-1475, May 2003.
[11] Munson B. R., Young D. F., Okiishi T. H., and Wade W. H., Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics, John Wiley & Sons, 6 edition, Jan. 2009.
[12] Canudas C., Astrom K., and Braun K., “Adaptive Friction Compensation in DC-Motor Drives,” IEEE Journal of Robotics and Automation, Vol. RA-3, No. 6, Dec. 1987.
[13] Beer F., Johnston R. E. Jr., Eisenberg E., Cornwell P., and Mazurek D., Vector Mechanics for Engineers, McGraw-Hill Science, 9 edition, Jan. 2009.
[14] Johnson C. T., and Lorenz R. D., “Experimental Identification of Friction and Its Compensation in Precise, Position Controlled Mechanisms,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol. 28, No. 6, pp. 1392-1398, Nov./Dec. 1992.
[15] M.E.A. Testing Systems Ltd., http://www.meatesting.com/.
[16] Lee S. C., Tsai M. C., Wang M. S., and Mao. S. H., “Characteristics Measurement of DC Motors without Dynamometer,” Proceedings of 2nd International Forum on Systems and Mechatronics, Tainan, Taiwan, Dec. 2007.
[17] Hsieh C., Lin C. S., and Pan Y. C., “Practical Highly Precise Position Control of Direct Drive PM DC Torque Motor,” Proc. of 1996 IFAC, San Francisco, CA., Vol. A, pp. 283-288., 1996.
[18] 趙清風,使用MATLAB控制之系統識別,全華科技圖書股份有限公司,2001。
[19] Dorf R. C., and Bishop R. H., “Modern Control Systems,” Prentice Hall, 10 edition, Apr. 2004.
[20] Kenjo T., and Nagamori S., Permanent-Magnet and Brushless DC Motors, Oxford University Press, Feb. 1986.
[21] Cheng D. K., Field and Wave Electromagnetics, Addison-Wesley, 2 edition, Jan. 1989.
[22] 維基百科,http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/。
[23] Carnot S., Reflections on the Motive Power of Fire, Dover Publications, Oct. 2005.
[24] Borgnakke C., and Sonntag R. E., Fundamentals of Thermodynamics, John Wiley & Sons, 7 edition, Aug. 2008.
[25] 辛俊光,永磁式直流有刷馬達之參數自動鑑別系統,國立成功大學航太工程學系碩士論文,1996。
[26] 茆尚勳,直驅式跑步機用直流無刷馬達之設計,國立成功大學機械工程學系碩士論文,2002。
[27] Nilsson J. W., and Riedel S., Electric Circuits, Prentice Hall, 8 edition, May 2007.
[28] Chen C. T., Linear System Theory and Design, Oxford University Press, 3 edition, Sep. 1998.
[29] Wu. C. Y., Tsai. M. C., and Mao. S. H., “Characteristics Measurement of Direct-Drive Brushless DC Motors without Using Dynamometers,” The International Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems, ICEMS2009, Tokyo, Japan, Nov. 2009.
[30] 孫清華,最新無刷直流馬達,全華科技圖書股份有限公司,2002。
[31] 王正男、惠汝生,自動量測系統-LabVIEW,全華科技圖書股份有限公司,2000。
[32] 曾仁志,無感測器驅動系統於薄型馬達之設計與實現,國立成功大學機械工程學系碩士論文,2007。
[33] 張智星,MATLAB程式設計與應用,清蔚科技股份有限公司,新竹市,2001。
論文全文使用權限
  • 同意授權校內瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2010-08-23起公開。
  • 同意授權校外瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2010-08-23起公開。


  • 如您有疑問,請聯絡圖書館
    聯絡電話:(06)2757575#65773
    聯絡E-mail:etds@email.ncku.edu.tw