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系統識別號 U0026-0907201619564800
論文名稱(中文) 以廣播式再回報監視系統建構的軍機防撞系統
論文名稱(英文) Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System for Military Aircraft using ADS-R
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 航空太空工程學系碩士在職專班
系所名稱(英) Department of Aeronautics & Astronautics (on the job class)
學年度 104
學期 2
出版年 105
研究生(中文) 余佳雯
研究生(英文) Chia-Wen Yu
學號 P47031029
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 49頁
口試委員 指導教授-林清一
口試委員-詹紹勳
口試委員-李志清
中文關鍵字 軍機  空中防撞系統  廣播式自動回報監視系統  避讓 
英文關鍵字 military aircraft  TCAS  ADS-R  VFR  collision avoidance 
學科別分類
中文摘要 由於民用航空器與軍用航空器均使用相同的空域,加上軍機所使用的雷達系統容易受地形及速度的影響,因此必須發展出一套更完整加入軍機的空中防撞系統。
本論文運用現有的民航科技如TCAS、ADS-B和ADS-R等,加入軍機現有的技術發展出一套適合軍機的空中防撞系統,在此系統裡,地面塔台將蒐集UAV、UAT及民航等將關資訊後,以ADS-R的方式回傳給軍機;在VFR的規定之下,軍機的推力最大,相對有最低的飛行權,因此軍機必須主動避讓未來可能發生碰撞的航空器。
針對潛在的威脅源,將歸納出未來是否會發生碰撞,並提供TA及RA的資訊給飛行員,在演算上,定義軍機本身飛行操控的限制並利用改變原本的航向或速度做避讓,藉由此概念的發展,將軍機傳統的避讓系統整合成更高品質的空中防撞系統,給予未來的飛行安全保障。
英文摘要 Civil aircraft, especially general aviation, operating in the same airspace as military aircraft, have been brought in safety concerns for many years. Collision avoidance technology should be applied into wider varieties of aircraft including military aircraft, general aviation (GA) and unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). The existing surface radar technology often has limi-tations by its speed and coverage. Since Automatic Dependent Surveil-lance-Broadcast (ADS-B) provides better surveillance in fringe areas of radar coverage, it also does not have the siting limitations of radar. ADS-B could replace radar as the primary surveillance method for controlling aircraft worldwide. A wider concept of ADS-B application into collision avoidance system for all aircraft is proposed in this thesis. Integrating the concept of Automatic Dependent Surveillance- Rebroadcast (ADS-R) and Traffic Alert and Collision System (TCAS) into military aircraft for active collision avoidance. The Air Traffic Control (ATC) will collect the data from UAV, UAT and commercial airline before reporting to the military aircraft. Because military aircraft have high confidentiality, they do receive data from ATC but no replies. Under the Visual flight rules (VFR), mili-tary aircraft with higher maneuverability gets lower priority. So, military aircraft should perform active avoidance to give way to all kind of aircraft. For avoiding the collision, the research focus on some restrictions of mili-tary aircraft maneuverability and the algorithm for resolution path. The purpose of the research is creating a high-quality and changing the con-ventional system for both military aircraft and civil aircraft. This feature may be helpful and useful for military aircraft.
論文目次 ABSTRACT I
摘要 II
誌謝 III
CONTENTS IV
LIST OF TABLES VII
LIST OF FIGURES VIII
NOMENCLATURE X
CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Motivation 1
1.2 Main Idea 1
1.3 Literature Survey 3
1.4 Thesis Outline 4
CHAPTER II
RESEARCH BACKGROUND 5
2.1 Airspace 5
2.2 TCAS Overview 7
2.2.1 TCAS III 7
2.3 ADS-Broadcast 7
2.3.1 ADS-B In 8
2.3.2 ADS-B Out 8
2.4 TCAS/ADS-B Integrated Surveillance System 8
2.5 ADS-Rebroadcast 9
2.6 IFF (military) 9
2.6.1 Mode 1 10
2.6.2 Mode 2 11
2.6.3 Mode 3 / Mode C 11
2.6.4 Mode 4 11
2.7 Radar (military) 12
2.8 Remarks 13
CHAPTER III
METHODOLOGY AND SYSTEM ANALYSIS 14
3.1 ADS-R Service for Military Aircraft Based on TCAS 14
3.2 TCAS Computer Unit for Military Aircraft 15
3.2.1 ADS-R Link Sensor 16
3.2.2 Antenna 16
3.3 Cockpit Display 17
3.4 Remarks 18
CHAPTER IV
SYSTEM MODELING AND SOLUTION ALGORITHM 19
4.1 Flight Priority and Rules 19
4.2 Centripetal Force and Bank Angle 22
4.3 Collision Avoidance Concepts 25
4.3.1 Definition of Conflict 26
4.3.2 Separation Bubble 26
4.3.3 Sensitivity Level 27
4.4 Collision Avoidance Logic Function 28
4.5 Remarks 31
CHAPTER V
VERIFICATION 32
5.1 Detection Process 32
5.2 Traffic Alert 32
5.2.1 Non-Relative-Vertical Velocity 33
5.2.2 Having-Relative-Vertical Velocity 35
5.3 Resolution Advisory 37
5.3.1 Horizontal Escape Maneuver with Changing Heading 37
5.3.2 Horizontal Escape Maneuver With Changing Speed 40
5.4 System Flow Chart 41
CHAPTER VI
CONCLUSION 44
6.1 Conclusion 44
6.2 Future Work 44
References 45
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