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系統識別號 U0026-0812201219471500
論文名稱(中文) 社區戶外空間感知與地方依附之關係
論文名稱(英文) Relationship between Neighborhood Outdoor Space Perception and Place Attachment
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 建築學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Architecture
學年度 101
學期 1
出版年 101
研究生(中文) 張修愷
研究生(英文) Shiu-Kai Chang
電子信箱 wildlifexx@hotmail.com
學號 n76994300
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 78頁
口試委員 指導教授-張珩
口試委員-賴美蓉
口試委員-杜功仁
口試委員-石豐宇
中文關鍵字 社區戶外空間  社區規劃  地方依復  因素分析  逐步迴歸 
英文關鍵字 Neighborhood outdoor space  Place attachment  Neighborhood planning  Factor analysis  Stepwise regression analysis 
學科別分類
中文摘要 隨著都市化的發展,都市人在人際關係方面給人的印象漸漸成為冷漠、疏離、漠不關心等負面形象。而社區是居民體驗周遭都市環境的最基本單位,若欲改變居民所感受的周遭環境,以社區為對象進行探討會是有效的出發點。而隨著近年對心理層面與生態規劃的重視,從居民心理感受出發的議題開始被探討,本研究即以居民感知的角度出發,透過理解社區戶外空間感知與地方依附之關連性,進一步提出社區規劃設計建議。
本研究以台南市為範圍,挑選五種不同居住型態社區(「一般住商混合」、「高層集合住宅」、「低層集合住宅」、「歷史街區」、「郊外農村」),進行社區戶外空間感知與地方依附的問卷調查,透過分析得出社區戶外空間感知與地方依附之構面後,回顧所選取的抽樣基地,對社區環境進行實證研究調查,以此探求居民對社區戶外空間的感知狀態與地方依附之關係,並提出規劃設計建議。
研究結果顯示,社區戶外空間感知可以被歸納為「綠地環境」、「建築品質」、「街道環境」三個因子,而地方依附則可歸納為「地方依賴」與「地方認同」兩個因子。實證調查顯示,居民對綠地環境的規模與供應量較為敏感,偏好將建築物拉高後留設之大片綠地與將整塊街廓作為綠地規劃的型式。建築品質評價受商業活動產生之招牌與鐵窗等建築物附加物影響。街道環境之評價,則可以從人車互相干擾的情況以及街道景觀整齊程度探討。
英文摘要 With the progress of urbanization, people in the cities are often associated with the image of unconcerned and emotionless. Neighborhood, as a basic unit for people perceiving surrounding urban area, is a good scale for us to discuss the issue about residential perception. Since scientists started to pay more attention on psychological and ecological area these years, psychological feeling of residents became a popular issue. This research started from residents’ perception, with the realization of relationship between neighborhood outdoor space perception and place attachment, we can bring up some advises of neighborhood planning.
This research takes Tainan as sampling area; five types of neighborhood were picked (“General mixed-use environment”, “High-rise apartment neighborhood”, “Low-rise apartment area”, “Historic district”, “Suburban rural neighborhood”) for investigating neighborhood outdoor space perception and place attachment. With the help of data, we can compare different neighborhood in scientific way. This will help us bring advises in order to form a neighborhood with high place attachment.
The research reveals that neighborhood outdoor space perception is divided into three factors, including “Green area”, “Building quality” and “Street environment”. In the other hand, place attachment is divided into two factors, including “place dependence” and “place identity.” Empirical study shows residents is more sensitive on quantity and size when discuss with green area. For residents, big size green area left by high-rise building and planed with hall block is more preference. Building quality is highly related with commercial activities and advertisement of facade. Street environment has a big influence with traffic disturbance between humans and cars. The cleanness of street is also important.
論文目次 第一章 緒論 .................................................................................................1
第一節 研究動機與目的 ..............................................................................................1
一、研究動機 ..............................................................................................................1
二、研究目的 ..............................................................................................................2
第二節 研究範圍與對象 ..............................................................................................3
一、研究範疇 ..............................................................................................................3
二、研究基地 ..............................................................................................................3
三、研究對象 ..............................................................................................................5
第三節 研究方法與流程 ..............................................................................................5
第二章 文獻回顧 .........................................................................................7
第一節 環境感知 ..........................................................................................................7
一、環境的定義 ..........................................................................................................7
二、環境感知模式 ......................................................................................................8
三、建成環境的感知 ................................................................................................10
第二節 社區戶外空間感知相關理論 ........................................................................12
一、社區戶外空間感知構面 ....................................................................................12
二、社區戶外空間感知對居民情感的影響 ............................................................14
第三節 地方依附相關理論 ........................................................................................15
一、地方依附構面 ....................................................................................................15
二、地方依附相關研究 ............................................................................................16
第三章 研究架構與設計 .......................................................................... 17
第一節 研究架構與研究假設 ....................................................................................17
第二節 問卷設計 ........................................................................................................18
一、社區戶外空間感知 ............................................................................................18
二、地方依附 ............................................................................................................19
三、居民背景屬性 ....................................................................................................19
第三節 研究調查計畫 ................................................................................................20
一、基地選定 ............................................................................................................20
二、基地介紹 ............................................................................................................20
三、研究母體與抽樣 ................................................................................................24
第四節 統計分析方法 ................................................................................................26
第四章 樣本與資料分析 .......................................................................... 27
第一節 背景屬性分析 ................................................................................................27
第二節 項目分析與因素分析 ....................................................................................29
一、社區戶外空間感知項目分析與因素分析 ........................................................29
二、地方依附項目分析與因素分析 ........................................................................34
第三節 社區戶外空間感知與地方依附之因果關係 ................................................38
一、社區戶外空間感知對地方依附之影響 ............................................................38
第四節 社區戶外空間感知單因子變異數分析 ........................................................39
一、綠地環境單因子變異數分析 ............................................................................39
二、建築品質單因子變異數分析 ............................................................................41
三、街道環境單因子變異數分析 ............................................................................43
第五節 社區戶外空間實證研究分析 ........................................................................47
一、綠地環境實證研究分析 ....................................................................................47
二、建築品質實證研究分析 ....................................................................................52
三、街道環境實證研究分析 ....................................................................................56
第五章 結論與建議 .................................................................................. 63
第一節 研究結果與討論 ............................................................................................63
一、社區戶外空間感知構面 ....................................................................................63
二、社區戶外空間感知構面 ....................................................................................63
三、地方依附構面 ....................................................................................................64
四、社區戶外空間感知對地方依附之影響 ............................................................64
五、社區戶外空間實證研究討論 ............................................................................65
第二節 建議 ................................................................................................................68
一、規劃設計應用建議 ............................................................................................68
二、後續研究建議 ....................................................................................................70
參考文獻 ....................................................................................................... 71
附錄 ............................................................................................................... 75
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