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系統識別號 U0026-0812200915342608
論文名稱(中文) 搖籃曲音樂特性分析
論文名稱(英文) The Musical Characteristics of Lullabies
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 工程科學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Engineering Science
學年度 97
學期 2
出版年 98
研究生(中文) 梁鈺昕
研究生(英文) Yu-hsin Liang
電子信箱 n9697426@mail.ncku.edu.tw
學號 n9697426
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 68頁
口試委員 指導教授-周榮華
口試委員-王宗一
口試委員-王榮泰
中文關鍵字 旋律成分分析  音高追蹤  搖籃曲 
英文關鍵字 melody component analysis  pitch tracking  lullaby 
學科別分類
中文摘要 由於時代變遷的腳步越來越快,人們生活的步調也越來越緊湊,各式各樣的壓力加在身上,使得在現今的社會當中,有許多人為失眠所困擾。哄小孩入睡的搖籃曲,有著緩慢擺動的節拍及輕柔的旋律,是可以幫助人解除緊張情緒而入睡的音樂。因此在各個文化的搖籃曲裡,必定有著某些相通之處、某些能使人心神安定的共同元素。故本研究目的為找出不同文化、不同民族特性的搖籃曲之間的共通處,找出一個屬於搖籃曲的模式,以期能循此模式,排除不同國情,創作出一樣具有安定人心、引人入睡的音樂。
本研究針對音樂的兩大特性:旋律及節拍,利用ACF(Autocorrelation function)找出其旋律的絕對音高及節拍長度,做統計分析,由此整理出各國搖籃曲間基本的共同特性,並針對此實驗結果作分析討論。
研究結果顯示,搖籃曲在旋律走向上以鄰近音符為主要連接音,且節拍較為單調,以重複節拍為主,變動性不大,與搖籃曲平靜較無起伏的特性相符。比較其他曲種特性的結果,在情緒起伏較小的樂曲中有較接近搖籃曲的特性,而情緒起伏較大的樂曲,則與搖籃曲的統計特性有較大的區別。
英文摘要 Due to the faster pace of daily activities, people's life is more and more segmented. Furthermore, there’s various pressure added on people and it makes people suffer from insomnia in modern society. The lullaby used for coaxing children into sleeping possesses unique rhythm and soft melody. It may be helpful for people to relieve nervous situations and enhance sleep. So there must be some common characteristics which let people’s mind become peaceful and quiet in the lullabies of different cultures. Therefore, the goal of this research is to find out the common features of lullabies among different cultures and nationalities and figure out their model.
This research focuses on two major features of lullabies: rhythm and melody. Using the ACF (Autocorrelation function) method and statistical analysis. Through the pitch and beat length obtained, the basic common characteristics among lullabies of various countries are deduced.
The research shows that each note's pitch of the melody should be close to the ex-note's and the rhythm of lullabies is simple and repeated. The characteristics correspond with the feature of the lullabies which suppose to be peaceful and slow. If we compared the characteristics of lullabies with other kinds of music which are considered as smooth rhythm, we can find out that they have similar features. On the contrary, the songs which rhythm changes heavily are quite different from lullabies.
論文目次 中文摘要 I
Abstract II
致謝 III
目錄 IV
表目錄 VII
圖目錄 VIII
第一章 緒論 1
1.1前言 1
1.2研究動機 1
1.3文獻回顧 2
1.3.1音樂情緒 2
1.3.2音高追蹤 5
1.4論文架構 6
第二章 音樂特性辨識流程之建立 7
2.1音樂檔的建立 8
2.1.1 Overture 8
2.1.2 SynthFont 9
2.2 樂曲音高特性擷取 9
2.3旋律音高及節拍資料計算 11
2.4資料統計 12
第三章 旋律音高追蹤方法 13
3.1 音高追蹤方法簡介 13
3.2 音框 14
3.3 頻域上的音高追蹤方法 15
3.3.1 Cepstrum 15
3.3.2 HPS(Harmonic Product Spectrum) 16
3.3.3 SHS(Sub-Harmonic Summation) 17
3.3.4 SHR(Subharmonic-to-Harmonic Ratio 19
3.4 時域上的音高追蹤方法 20
3.4.1 AMDF(Average magnitude difference function) 20
3.4.2 ACF(Aurocorrelation Function) 22
3.5 各種方法實驗結果比較 23
第四章 旋律音高及節拍資料的擷取與統計方法 25
4.1旋律音高及節拍資料擷取 25
4.1.1 音樂的音高頻率 25
4.1.2 追蹤音高實驗流程 27
4.1.3 追蹤節拍實驗流程 31
4.1.4 實驗規格 32
4.2旋律音高及節拍資料統計方法 33
第五章 實驗結果 35
5.1旋律音高資料統計結果 35
5.1.1 統計結果 35
5.1.2 依國別區分的統計結果 38
5.2節拍資料統計結果 57
5.3結果討論 60
5.3.1 旋律特性 60
5.3.2 節拍特性 61
5.4其他曲種結果比較 61
第六章 結論與建議 64
6.1結論 64
6.2建議 65
考文獻 66
自述 68
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