進階搜尋


   電子論文尚未授權公開,紙本請查館藏目錄
(※如查詢不到或館藏狀況顯示「閉架不公開」,表示該本論文不在書庫,無法取用。)
系統識別號 U0026-0812200915291880
論文名稱(中文) 應用於低頻無線射頻辨識系統之堆積樹可調式電壓控制設計
論文名稱(英文) An Adaptive Voltage Control Scheme Using Heap Tree for Low Frequency RFID Tag
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 電機工程學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Electrical Engineering
學年度 97
學期 2
出版年 98
研究生(中文) 許勝泰
研究生(英文) Sheng-Tai Shu
電子信箱 n2696194@mail.ncku.edu.tw
學號 n2696194
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 57頁
口試委員 口試委員-郭文光
口試委員-陳明輝
口試委員-張簡嘉壬
指導教授-戴政祺
中文關鍵字 無線射頻辨識  現場可規劃邏輯閘陣列  堆積樹 
英文關鍵字 RFID  FPGA  Heap Tree 
學科別分類
中文摘要 無線射頻辨識(RFID)是一種非接觸式的自動辨識技術,與傳統條碼技術相比,具有通訊訊息大、讀取距離遠、可同時讀取多張標籤等特點。然而讀取器與電子標籤隨著距離拉長,可辨識的準確度就會隨之降低。本研究發展一個應用於低頻無線射頻辨識系統具有堆積樹可調式電壓控制功能之設計。此設計可以動態調整工作電壓,提高標籤的工作距離以改進可靠度。所設計的控制方式實際在一現場可規劃邏輯閘陣列(Field Programmable Gate Array,FPGA)上實現。實驗結果證明採用適應性電源管理的理念可以在距離拉遠時提高辨識率。
英文摘要 Radio frequency identification (RFID) is a contactless technique for automatic identification system. Comparing with traditional barcode system, RDID has the advantages of larger communication message, further reading distance, and recognize multiple targets simultaneously. However, the accuracy of identification will decrease as the distance between RFID reader and electronic tag increases. In this thesis, we developed a stackable dynamical voltage-controllable scheme for RFID applications. The main idea of this technique is to adjust the working voltage dynamically, thus increasing the reading distance between reader and tags to improve the accuracy of identification. The controller is designed and implemented on a Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA). The results show that the concept of adaptive power management can increase the accuracy is applicable in practical uses when the reading distance is increased.
論文目次 摘要 I
ABSTRACT I
第 一 章 緒論 1
1-1 研究動機與目的 1
1-2文獻探討 1
1-3 本文架構 2
第 二 章 研究背景 3
2-1 無線射頻辨識系統組成 3
2-1-1 讀取器 4
2-1-2 電子標籤 6
2-1-3 後端伺服器系統 7
2-1-4 無線射頻辨識系統的工作流程 9
2-2 無線射頻系統分類 10
2-2-1 電子標籤的供電形式 10
2-2-2 工作頻率的劃分 11
2-3 RFID技術標準 13
2-4 無線射頻辨識系統感應方式 15
第 三 章 軟硬體設計 17
3-1 理論架構 17
3-1-1 理論背景 17
3-1-2 理論作法 21
3-2 硬體設計 25
3-2-1 電壓偵測電路 26
3-2-2 研發電路板 28
3-3 軟體設計 31
3-3-1 設計基本架構 32
3-3-2 基本設計原理 33
3-3-3 模擬分析 41
第 四 章 實驗結果與討論 44
4-1 量測結果與討論 44
第 五 章 結論與未來展望 52
5-1 結論 52
5-2 未來展望 52
參考文獻 53
參考文獻 [1] 經濟部,"技術處宣佈「落實RFID應用與產業發展策略」重大產業政策",民國九十五年。
[2] 經濟部,"技術處宣佈「投入RFID技術研發,開創台灣RFID產業新契機」重大產業政策",民國九十七年。
[3] R. Weinstein, "RFID: A Technical Overview and Its application to Enterprise," IEEE Computer Society, vol. 7, pp. 27-33, 2005.
[4] 余顯強,"無線射頻別技術之應用與效應",中華民國圖書館學會會報第75期,民國九十四年。
[5] N.-G. Choi, H.-J. Lee, S.-H. Lee, and S.-J. Kim, "Design of a 13.56 MHz RFID System," IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference, 2005.
[6] T. Hassan, and S. Chatterjee, "A Taxonomy for RFID," International Conference on Systems Science, 2006.
[7] K.-S. Leong, M.-L. Ng, and P.-H. Cole, "Synchronization of RFID Readers for Dense RFID Reader Environments," International Symposium on Applications and the Internet Workshops, 2006.
[8] A.-S. Porret, T. Melly,E.-A. Vittoz, and C.-C. Enz, "Tradeoffs and Design of an Ultra Low Power UHF Transceiver Integrated in a Standard Digital CMOS Process," IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, vol. 35, 2000.
[9] D. Leenaerts, "Low Power RF IC Design for Wireless Communication," International Symposium on Low Power Electronics and Design, pp. 428-433, 2000.
[10] G. Marrocco, A. Fonte, and F. Bardati, "Evolutionary Design of Miniaturized Meander-Line Antennas for RFID Applications," IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium, vol. 2 , pp. 362-365, 2000.
[11] L. Ukkonen, L. Sydanheirno, and M. Kivikosk, "A Novel Tag Design Using Inverted-F Antenna for Radio Frequency Identification of Metallic Objects," IEEE Advances in Wired and Wireless Communication, pp. 91-94, 2004.
[12] CNET新聞專區,“2003年值得觀察的十大技術”,民國九十一年。
[13] K. Finkenzeller, "RFID HANDBOOK: Radio-Frequency Identification Fundamentals and Applications," JOHN WILEY& SONS(ASIA)PTE LTD, 2003.
[14] 周湘琪(譯),"日經BP RFID技術編輯部(編) RFID技術與應用",旗標出版社,民國九十四年。
[15] 陳宏宇,"RFID系統入門(無線射頻辨識系統) ",松崗出版社,民國九十三年。
[16] 陳瑞順,"RFID概論與應用",全華圖書,民國九十六年。
[17] 游戰清,李蘇劍,"RFID理論與應用",電子工業出版社,民國九十三年。
[18] D.-R. Hush, and C. Wood, "Analysis of Tree Algorithms for RFID Arbitration," IEEE Transaction on Information Theory, 1998.
[19] 劉宇哲,"一個以binary tree為架構為基礎的RFID辨識系統",交通大學資訊管理系碩士論文,民國九十四年。
[20] 黃義杉,"改良樹狀搜尋之RFID防碰撞技術",中華大學資訊工程系碩士論文,民國九十七年。
[21] 林冠宏,"射頻辨識系統碰撞避免之研究",成功大學電信管理系碩士論文,民國九十五年。
[22] 馬亦威,"車輛網路之RFID定位系統",中華大學資訊工程系碩士論文,民國九十七年。
[23] 黃慶福,"應用RFID多重安全機制門禁系統之設計",中華大學資訊工程系碩士論文,民國九十七年。
[24] 張家愷,"應用系統工程與RFID技術於門禁系統研究",逢甲大學航太與系統工程系碩士論文,民國九十五年。
[25] S. Leaver, "Evaluating RFID Middleware," Forrester Research, 2004.
[26] 洪文政,"RFID於飯店管理應用",成功大學工程科學系碩士論文,民國九十五年。
[27] 國家通訊傳播委員會,"頻率資料庫查詢系統之中華民國頻率份配表",民國九十七年。
[28] Alien Technology, "EPCglobal Class 1 Gen 2 RFID Specification," 2005.
[29] ISO/IEC 18000-6, "Information Technology-Radio Frequency Idetification (RFID ) for Item Management-Part 6," 2002
[30] L.-H. Guo, W.-G. Yeoh, Y.-B. Choi, X.-S. Chen, H.-Y. Li, M. Tang, G.-Q. Lo, N. Baiasubramanian, and D.-L. Kwong, "Design and Manufacturing of Small Area On-Chip-Antenna (OCA) for RFID Tags," Solid-State Device Research Conference, 2006.
[31] J.-M. Rabaey, A. Chandrakasan, and B. nikolic, "Digital Integrated Circuits," Prentice Hall Publishers, 2003.
[32] U. Manber, "Introduction to Algorithms a Creative Approach," Addison Wesley, 2004.
[33] Gfec Corp., "GFEC Cyclone II Starter kit Handbook," Galaxy Far East Corp., 2007.
[34] A. d. Incorporated, "Voltage detector HT70XX," Holtek, 2003.
[35] Altera Corporation, "Atlera Device Package Information Data Sheet," Altera, 2009.
[36] Mircochip Technology Inc., "MircoID 125 kHz RFID System Design Guide," Mircro, 2004.
[37] Atmel Corporation., "T5557 Multifunctional 330-Bit Read-Write RF-Identification IC," Atmel, 2003.
[38] C.-F. Huang, L.-C. Lo, Y.-C. Tseng, and W.-T. Chen, "Decentralized Energy Conserving and Coverage-Preserving Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks," Proc. of IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, vol 1, pp.640-643, 2005.
[39] C.-F. Huang, and Y.-C. Tseng, "The Coverage Problem in a Wireless Sensor Network," Proc. of ACM International Conference on Wireless Sensor Networks and Applications, 2003.
[40] C.-F. Huang, Y.-C. Tseng, and L.-C. Lo, "The Coverage Problem in Three-Dimensional Wireless Sensor Networks," Proc. of IEEE GLOBECOM, 2004.
[41] 曾煌棋,林致宇,"無線區域及個人網路—隨意及感測器網路之技術與應用",網路應用與服務教學推動中心,民國九十五年。
論文全文使用權限
  • 同意授權校內瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2059-08-12起公開。
  • 同意授權校外瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2059-08-12起公開。


  • 如您有疑問,請聯絡圖書館
    聯絡電話:(06)2757575#65773
    聯絡E-mail:etds@email.ncku.edu.tw