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系統識別號 U0026-0812200915253769
論文名稱(中文) 定期貨櫃航商船員國家文化與安全文化對安全績效影響之研究–以臺灣、中國大陸與菲律賓船員為例
論文名稱(英文) The Effects of National Culture and Safety Culture on Safety Performance in Liner Shipping – An Empirical Study of Seafarers from Taiwan, Mainland China, and Philippines
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 交通管理學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Transportation & Communication Management Science
學年度 97
學期 2
出版年 98
研究生(中文) 蔡朝祿
研究生(英文) Chaur-luh Tsai
電子信箱 R58931022@mail.ncku.edu.tw
學號 r5893102
學位類別 博士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 165頁
口試委員 指導教授-呂錦山
口試委員-鄭永祥
召集委員-林彬
口試委員-廖俊雄
口試委員-趙時樑
口試委員-張有恆
中文關鍵字 船員  國家文化  安全文化  安全績效 
英文關鍵字 national culture  safety culture  safety performance  seafarers  factor analysis 
學科別分類
中文摘要 none
英文摘要 This study empirical investigated the effects of national culture and safety culture on safety performance in the container shipping context. Abstract data was collected from seafarers working for 13 of the top 25 global container carriers. A survey questionnaire was distributed to 2,232 safarers working on board 124 container ships.
Based on a review of the studies of Hofstede (1980) and Bond et al. (1986), five dimensions of national culture were identified, namely: power distance, uncertainty avoidance, masculinity, individualism, and long-term orientation. Three safety culture dimensions were identified based on factor analysis: supervisor safety, safety policy, and safety commitment. Hypotheses were formulated to examine the relationship between national culture and safety culture, and their effects on safety performance.
The study results suggested that the national culture dimensions of power distance and individualism had negative effects on safety culture, workers’ safety behavior and organizational safety management, while long-term orientation had a positive effect. Moreover, uncertainty avoidance had a significant effect on workers’ safety behavior in the container shipping context. The study findings also indicated that the safety culture dimensions of supervisor safety and safety policy had positive effects on workers’ safety behavior and organizational safety management, whereas safety commitment had a positive effect on organizational safety management but a negative effect on workers’ safety behavior. The study’s contributions, the implications of the findings for container shipping companies, and the study’s limitations and future research suggestions were all detailed in this thesis.
論文目次 ABSTRACT i
ACKNOWLEDGE ii
TABLE OF CONTENTS iii
LIST OF TABLES v
LIST OF FIGURES viii
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Study Background and Motivation 1
1.2 Objectives of the Study 4
1.3 Scope of the Study 4
1.4 Organization of the Study 5
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW 7
2.1 The Liner Shipping Context 7
2.2 Definitions of Culture 10
2.3 National Culture 11
2.4 Safety Culture 17
2.5 Safety Performance 24
2.6 Summary 30
CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY 31
3.1 Research Framework and Hypotheses 31
3.2 Questionnaire Design 39
3.3 Sampling Technique 45
3.4 Data Analysis Methods 47
3.5 Research Steps 57
3.6 Summary 59
CHAPTER FOUR: DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS AND GENERAL FINDINGS RESULTING FROM THE QUESTIONNAIRE SURVEY 60
4.1 Response Rate and Non-Response Bias Tests 60
4.2 Respondents’ Demographic Characteristics 65
4.3 Respondents’ Agreement Level with National Culture, Safety Culture, and Safety Performance Measures 69
4.4 Exploratory Factor Analysis 72
4.5 Item - Total Correlation Analysis and Reliability Test 78
4.6 Comparisons of Respondents’ Perceptions of National Culture, Safety Culture and Safety Performance Dimensions According to Personal and Vessel Characteristics 83
4.7 Summary 89
CHAPTER FIVE: EMPIRICAL RESULTS OF ANALYSES 91
5.1 Confirmatory Factor Analysis 91
5.2 Hierarchical Regression Analysis and Hypotheses Testing 114
5.3 The Effects of National Culture and Safety Culture on Safety Performance Based on Respondents’ Nationalities 120
5.4 Summary 125
CHAPTER SIX: CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS OF THE STUDY FINDINGS 127
6.1 Conclusions and Discussion 127
6.2 Study Contributions 130
6.3 Study Implications of the Findings for Safety Management 131
6.4 Limitations and Future Research Suggestions 133
BIBLIOGRAPHY 135
APPENDIX 159
Appendix 1: A letter addressed to the Captain 159
Appendix 2: Questionnaire 160
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