||The associations between interpersonal relationships and psychosomatic symptoms in early adolescents in Taiwan: Multi-group path analysis
||Graduate Institute of Education
本研究旨在瞭解研究者模式與全體資料的適配程度。其次，研究者模式是否分別適配男、女生的觀察資料。本研究採用「台灣教育長期追蹤資料庫 (Taiwan Education Panel Survey，TEPS）」於2001年收集之國中一年級學生的資料進行分析。首先，以SPSS 15.0進行描述性統計外，並以套裝軟體AMOS 16.0進行研究者模式的考驗。其次，進行多群體徑路分析，以瞭解男、女生在預測變項對效標變項的影響有無差異，研究者所提出的徑路模式是否分別適配男、女生之觀察資料。本結果顯示研究者模式與全體觀察資料適配。進一步探討男、女生的徑路係數有無差異，及男、女生在效標變項的截距有無差異。發現男、女生的母子關係對同儕關係的影響不平行。男生而言，母子關係對同儕關係為負向影響且達顯著水準；女生而言，母子關係對同儕關係為正向影響但未達顯著水準。其次，男、女生的父子關係對同儕關係的影響不同。男生而言，父子關係對同儕關係是正向影響達且顯著水準；女生而言，父子關係對同儕關係的影響是正向影響但未達顯著水準。再者，男、女生的手足關係對同儕關係皆是正向影響且達顯著水準，接受重疊模式；最後，男、女生的同儕關係對身心症狀的影響在截距上有差異，接受平行模式。未來應該針對不同性別分別找出身心症狀的保護因子並分別提出適配的模式。
The hypothesized model of interpersonal relationships on psychosomatic symptoms was proposed by the author. The aims were to fit the model into a single case and examine the moderating role of sex on the path coefficients. The author used data from the Taiwan Educational Panel Survey (TEPS). The participants, who were 7th graders, were the author’s major concern. Descriptive statistics and correlations of major variables studied were tested by SPSS. In addition, by running multi-group path analyses simultaneously for both girls and boys, the author identified whether or not path coefficients differ across the two groups. Results showed that the hypothesized path model fit 10,026 cases in the research was acceptable and could be helpful as a basis for following multi-group comparison. The path coefficient between mother-adolescent and father-adolescent relationships and peer relationships for girls differed from boys. The path coefficients between sibling relationships and peer relationships for girls and boys overlapped and the one between peer relationships and psychosomatic symptoms for girls and boys were parallel but not overlapping. In the near future, researchers should dedicate time to finding powerful protective factors for boys and girls individually and propose different paths for the two groups.
LIST OF TABLES II
LIST OF FIGURES III
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM 1
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY 2
RESEARCH QUESTIONS 2
CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW 3
PSYCHOSOMATIC SYMPTOMS 3
PEER RELATIONSHIPS AS PROTECTORS OF PSYCHOSOMATIC SYMPTOMS 4
THE FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS AND PEER RELATIONSHIPS 5
THE MODERATING ROLE OF SEX 9
CHAPTER THREE METHOD 11
PARTICIPANTS AND DATA SOURCE 11
DATA ANALYSIS 13
HYPOTHESIZED MODEL 14
RESEARCH HYPOTHESES 15
CHAPTER FOUR RESULTS 16
CHAPTER FIVE CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION 24
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