進階搜尋


 
系統識別號 U0026-0812200915173808
論文名稱(中文) 運用駕駛模擬探討睡眠對駕駛員之影響
論文名稱(英文) Driving simulation on sleep issue for drivers
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 電機工程學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Electrical Engineering
學年度 97
學期 2
出版年 98
研究生(中文) 陳啟耀
研究生(英文) Chi-yaou Chen
學號 n2696198
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 66頁
口試委員 口試委員-李彥杰
指導教授-楊明興
口試委員-廖斌毅
中文關鍵字 駕駛疲勞  心率變異度  心電圖  肌電圖 
英文關鍵字 Electromyography (EMG)  Electrocardiogram(ECG)  Heart Rate Variability (HRV)  Driver fatigue 
學科別分類
中文摘要 駕駛疲勞是發生交通意外事故的一個重要因子,尤其在長時間駕駛及單調的駕駛環境中很容易造成厭煩及昏睡狀態,本研究主要探討在長時間(120分鐘)單調的駕駛,觀察睡眠不足對駕駛任務前後生理指標。
一般來說市售的駕駛疲勞偵測系統除了有較大的體積之外,且價格亦高了許多,而本研究所建構的駕駛疲勞系統,整合了心率(HR)、心率變異度(HRV)與肌電圖(EMG)等多個監測參數,達成了體積小、穩定性高與更方便性等優點。
配合主觀疲勞量表與參數分析的結果的一致性,討論熬夜對駕駛者身理的變化,並且作為駕駛疲勞的依據。
英文摘要 Driver fatigue involved in traffic accidents is an important factor, especially in the long driving and monotonous driving environment caused easily tired and sleeping states. This study focused on a long time (120 minutes) monotonous driving, observe the lack of sleep before and after the Health on the driving task management indicators.
Generally speaking driving the market except for fatigue detection systems have a greater volume and prices of many high-order. The driver fatigue system of this study integrates various monitoring factors such as heart rate (HR), heart rate variability (HRV) and electromyography (EMG). Reached a small size, high stability with the advantages of more convenient.
With subjective fatigue scale and the parameters of the consistency of the results of the analysis to discuss the drivers who stay up all night on the rationale for the change, and as the basis for driving fatigue.
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究動機與目的 1
1-2 文獻討論 3
1-2-1 心電訊號量測 3
1-2-2 肌電訊號量測 4
1-3 章節提要 5
第二章 研究方法與系統原理 7
2-1 疲勞的涵義及特徵 7
2-2 駕駛疲勞評估方法 7
2-3 心電訊號量測與分析 8
2-3-1 心臟的電氣傳導系統 9
2-3-2 心電圖波形 10
2-3-3 心率變異度分析 12
2-3-4 ECG時域分析法 13
2-3-5 ECG頻域分析法 14
2-4 肌電訊號量測與分析 18
2-3-1 EMG時域分析法 20
2-3-1 EMG頻域分析法 20
第三章 系統設計與測試 23
3-1 系統架構 23
3-2 硬體系統設計 24
3-2-1 感測器 24
3-2-2 電源電路 25
3-2-3 儀表放大器 26
3-2-4 二階低通濾波器 30
3-2-5 二階高通濾波器 32
3-2-6 ECG硬體量測電路設計與模擬 33
3-2-7 EMG硬體量測電路設計與模擬 35
3-3 資料傳送與分析系統 37
3-3-1 資料擷取卡之介紹 37
3-3-2 可程式軟體 38
3-3-3 生理訊號資料擷取與儲存 39
3-3-4 生理訊號訊號分析 41
第四章 實驗方法與結果 48
4-1 實驗方法與步驟 48
4-1-1 受測者 49
4-1-2 實驗變項 49
4-1-3 模擬駕駛環境 49
4-1-4 實驗作業與流程 50
4-2 實驗結果分析 52
4-2-1 主觀疲勞問卷調查各問項平均分數 52
4-2-1 實驗數據分析 53
第五章 討論 60
5-1 正常睡眠與剝奪睡眠之模擬駕駛實驗結果討論 60
5-2 系統設計貢獻 61
5-3 系統問題及改善 61
第六章 結論與未來展望 62
6-1 結論 62
6-2 未來展望 62
參考文獻 Chapter_1

[1] Yang Yu Shu. Yao Zhen Qiang, Li Zeng Yong, Jiao Kun, Oct. Investigation on Correlation Between ECG Indexes and Driving Fatigue, Machinery Design Manufacture, 5, 94-95(2002)
[2] Sabuncuoglu D, Serinagaoglu Y, Ider Y.Z., “Analysis of heart rate variability during standardized exercise testing "Proceedings of the 18th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, vol.4, pp.1650-1651, 1996
[3] Zeng yong Li, Kun Jiao, Ming Chen, Chengtao Wang, Effect of Magnitopuncture on Sympathetic and Parasympathetic Nerve Activities in Healthy Drivers – Assessment by Power Spectrum Analysis of Heart Rate Variability, European Journal Applied Physiology, 88, 404-410 (2003).
[4] Zeng yong Li, Kun Jiao, Ming Chen, Chengtao Wang, Reducing the Effects of Driving Fatigue with Magnitopuncture Stimulation, Accident Analysis and Prevention, 36, 501-505 (2004).
[5] 唐建,“適合人群的轎車駕駛座椅舒適度性研究 上海交通大學碩士學位論文”,1999.3
[6] 梁文杰,擬靜態駕駛環境下探討駕駛者駕駛任務前後生理指標之變化Variation in Physiological Indexes Before and After an Indoor Simulated Driving Task ,2006
[7] Katsis C.D Ntouvas N.E,Bafas C.G. Assessment of muscle fatigue during driving using surface EMG. Proceedings of the IASTED International Conference on Biomedical Engineering. 2004.259-262
[8] Komi P.V.,EMG frequency spectrum muscle structure and fatigue during dynamic contraction in man” ,Eur.J.Appl.Physiol.,47:239-246,1981
[9] 高強, 股直肌、股外肌在堅持虛步過程中表面肌電圖振幅與頻率的定量分析 ,中國應用生理學雜誌,3:25-30,1985
[10] E.Hoddes,V.Zarcone,H.Smythe,et al. Quantification of sleepiness:a new approach,Psychophysiology.1973,10:431-436
Chapter_2
[11] Belyavin A.,Wright N.A. Changes in electrical activity of the brain with vigilance[J],Electroencephalogr Clim Neurophysiol,1987,66(2):137-144
[12] Ashley Craig Yvonne Tran,Nirupama Wijesuriya, et al. A controlled investigation into the psychological determinants of fatigue, Biological Psychology,2006,72(1):78-87
[13] Carvalho, J.L.A.; Rocha, A.F.; Junqueira, L.F., Jr.; Neto, J.S.; Santos, I.; Nascimento, F.A.O.;” A tool for time-frequency analysis of heart rate variability” Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2003. Proceedings of the 25th Annual International Conference of the IEEE, Volume: 3, 17-21 Pages: 2574 - 2577 Vol.3, Sept. 2003.
[14] Darvish, N.; Kitney, R.I.;” Time-frequency and time-scale methods in the detection and classification of non-stationarities in human physiological data” Signals, Systems and Computers, 1994. 1994 Conference Record of the Twenty-Eighth Asilomar Conference on , Volume: 2 , 31 Oct.-2 Nov. 1994 Pages:1085 - 1158 vol.2
[15] Task Force of The European Society of Cardiology and The North American Society of Pacing and Electrophysiology:”Heart rate variability-standards of measurement, Physiological interpretation, and clinical use”,European Heart Journal 17,1996,354-381
[16] J. Pan, and W.J. Tompkins, “A real-time QRS detection algorithm”, IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, No. 3, pp. 230-236, 1985.
[17] Pascale Mansier, Jean Clairambault, Nathalie Charlotte, Claire Medigue, Christophe Vermeiren, Gilles LePape, Francois Carre, Athanassia Gounaropoulou, Bernard Swynghedauw:”Linear and non-linear analysis of heart rate variability: a minireview”
[18] 周俊仲,“運用截波穩定微分差動放大器技術之生理訊號感測”系統研究, 國立交通大學電機與控制工程研究所碩士論文, 2008。
[19] 徐銘鴻, “可攜式生理訊號擷取及傳輸系統之研製:以Windows –CE PDA 為平台, ”, 長庚大學電機工程研究所碩士論文, 2000。
[20] 惠汝生,“LabVIEW 8.X圖控程式應用",全華科技圖書,台北市,2006。
Chapter_3

[21] 林正常 譯,“運動生理學-體適能與運動表現的理論與應用",藝軒圖書,台北縣,2005。
論文全文使用權限
  • 同意授權校內瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2012-07-17起公開。
  • 同意授權校外瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2019-07-17起公開。


  • 如您有疑問,請聯絡圖書館
    聯絡電話:(06)2757575#65773
    聯絡E-mail:etds@email.ncku.edu.tw