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系統識別號 U0026-0812200915080448
論文名稱(中文) 發展運動追蹤式咬合分析與正顎手術計畫
論文名稱(英文) Motion Tracking Based on Occlusion Analysis and Orthognathic Surgical Planning
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 機械工程學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Mechanical Engineering
學年度 97
學期 2
出版年 98
研究生(中文) 郭泰宏
研究生(英文) Tai-Hong Kuo
電子信箱 n1891104@ccmail.ncku.edu.tw
學號 n1891104
學位類別 博士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 138頁
口試委員 指導教授-方晶晶
召集委員-黃聖杰
口試委員-王東堯
口試委員-詹魁元
口試委員-鍾景宏
口試委員-曾清秀
中文關鍵字 光學追蹤  下顎運動  正顎手術  咬合曲面 
英文關鍵字 occlusal movement  orthognathic surgery  optical tracking  occlusal surface 
學科別分類
中文摘要 下顎的運動看似簡單其實複雜,其顳顎關節同時兼具著旋轉與滑移的作動,使得下顎運動變得難以記錄與分析。臨床上,牙科依然是使用單純的機械式咬合器進行下顎運動的模擬,對醫學研究而言,需要一套更逼真的運動模擬裝置來幫助醫生暸解患者的咬合狀況,甚至是模擬患者手術後的咬合情形。有鑑於如此,發展可視化數位咬合運動模擬是最好的選擇。本研究與成大醫院牙科醫師合作,針對牙科咬合運動的精度要求,自行開發出適用的光學式的追蹤系統,透過紅外線攝影的方式擷取下顎運動的移動軌跡以進行開口閉合、矢狀面邊緣與側咬的運動紀錄,可在電腦上產生可視化的三維動態運動,針對人體咬合過程的複雜運動提供靜態以及動態的分析工具。本研究不僅可提供個人化的診斷工具,更可藉由咬合曲面的呈現與輸出,輔助牙醫師決定義齒的排列高度、牙冠造型、牙阜角度、及植牙時植體植入進入點與方位,使得植牙與齒模製作有了自動化與科學化的依據。
此外,本研究以光學系統追蹤技術,開發出先進石膏模型手術技術,參考傳統醫師在石膏牙模上進行之手術模擬的想法,結合至軟體中搭配追蹤系統進行即時影像模擬,用來規劃切骨手術顏面骨骼整體變化的對稱咬合資訊,補足傳統二維測顱術缺乏三維資訊的缺點,並可發現人為在移動石膏齒模上所造成的可能錯誤,以利規劃兼具美觀又咬合良好的術後關係。
英文摘要 In this study, the author presents a mathematical modelling method to explore individual occlusal movements and to construct the associated occlusal surface. Different kinds of optical tracking devices are used to track and collect discrete data from an individual’s occlusion movements – open-close, sagittal border and lateral movements. Movement trajectories are approximated by cubic or high-degree curves modelling, and personalized occlusal surface is built from the extracted coupler points according to registered rigid body movements. The proposed theory-based modelling outcome provides crucial information for customized false teeth fabrication and, with higher analysis, could be used for diagnosis and biomechanical studies. The presented system overcomes the deficiencies and provides an alternative tool of the widely used conventional mechanical articulators in present-day dental clinics.
Furthermore, this registration technique has been used for pre-surgical occlusion planning based on dental casts. The developed navigation system is able to detect the movement of the dental models for the prediction of asymmetric relations of jawbones. Quantified symmetric status is exhibited associates with the movements of dental casts and its real-time corresponding movements of image models. The final outcomes of intermediate stents construction will be used as a surgical guide for clinical usage. It can be used in orthognathic surgical planning that provides more precise and realistic prediction than conventional 2D cephalometry and therefore, delivers predictable surgical results to enhance the facial esthetic after the operation.
論文目次 摘要 I
Abstract II
致謝 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VII
表目錄 XII
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 2
1.2 研究動機與目的 3
1.3 本文架構 4
第二章 文獻回顧 6
2.1 追蹤系統相關應用 6
2.2 咬合運動追蹤 11
2.3 電腦輔助齒型設計 13
2.4 電腦輔助正顎手術 15
第三章 光學式追蹤系統 20
3.1 相機模型與校正 20
3.1.1 相機模型 21
3.1.2 蔡氏相機校正 26
3.2 系統分類 35
3.2.1 紅外光攝影與標記物設計 36
3.2.2 被動式特徵標記物光學系統 41
3.3 三維座標計算與匹配 43
3.3.1 三維座標計算 44
3.3.2 Epipolar line匹配 45
3.3.3 有限深度區域的影像點匹配 48
3.4 精度驗證 52
3.4.1 NCE估算 52
3.4.2 逆運算誤差 53
第四章 咬合分析 55
4.1 咬合學理論 56
4.2 研究方法 59
4.2.1 固定片製作與數位模型取得 61
4.2.2 下顎運動追蹤 63
4.2.3 模型套合與耦點逆運算 64
4.3 咬合路徑模型之建立 67
4.3.1 自動化路徑區分 67
4.3.2 參數化咬合路徑模型 71
4.3.3 結果與驗證 73
4.4 咬合曲面之建立 78
4.4.1 極限接觸位置 78
4.4.2 建立咬合曲面 80
4.4.3 理想齒冠模型之試作 83
4.5 預測咬合樞紐軸 86
4.5.1 螺旋理論 86
4.5.2 旋轉軸之找尋 88
第五章 模型導航手術 89
5.1 研究方法與流程 90
5.2 座標註冊與轉換 92
5.3 視覺化與模型手術預作 95
5.4 結果與最佳對稱面分析 97
5.5 系統精度驗證 102
第六章 結論與未來展望 106
6.1 本文貢獻 106
6.2 誤差分析 109
6.3 未來展望 112
參考文獻 116
附錄A 相機校正影像拍攝 127
附錄B 影像套合技術應用於點匹配之效率評比 131
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