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系統識別號 U0026-0812200915070153
論文名稱(中文) 應用健保IC卡幫助年長者建置安全的慢性病用藥管理與存取機制之研究
論文名稱(英文) Using Healthcare IC Cards to Help Senior Citizens in Chronic Drug Dose Management and Secure Access Mechanisms
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 工程科學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Engineering Science
學年度 97
學期 1
出版年 98
研究生(中文) 賴俊澤
研究生(英文) Jiun-Tze Lai
電子信箱 n9890108@mail.ncku.edu.tw
學號 N9890108
學位類別 博士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 66頁
口試委員 口試委員-趙健明
指導教授-侯廷偉
口試委員-黃悅民
口試委員-何明字
口試委員-曾新穆
口試委員-黃宗傳
口試委員-陳澤生
口試委員-黃文祥
中文關鍵字 健保IC卡 
英文關鍵字 Healthcare IC card 
學科別分類
中文摘要 在台灣現行的醫療系統中,健保IC卡已經被廣泛的使用。在本研究中,首先,我們藉著使用儲存於健保IC卡內的資料來提升對持卡者的醫療服務品質。我們利用病人在醫療資訊系統中的資料和病人的健保IC卡內存的就醫記錄,來模擬病人到醫院看診的流程,藉此幫助慢性病患做重複用藥的檢查和藥物交互作用的查詢,來幫助醫生即時產生病患的用藥紀錄,以避免重複用藥和嚴重的藥物交互作用的發生。藉由模擬年長者的慢性病患的用藥情況,結果顯示,我們所發展的架構,可以有效的檢查出重複用藥,進而節省醫療資源的浪費。
另外,為了加強健保IC卡的安全性,就必須使用密碼。可是年長者卻常有忘記密碼的傾向,所以在本研究中,我們提出了一個裝置與配套的安全操作方式,此裝置我們稱之為EZPIN。利用EZPIN可以幫助年長者在診間方便的使用密碼。假如密碼的功能有被使用的話,則使用者的健保IC卡的密碼便儲存在EZPIN內,並且安全的傳輸密碼到讀卡機或是電腦上。因此,年長者在診間掛號或是看診時,就不必記憶密碼,更不用在讀卡機或是電腦的鍵盤上去找尋字母來輸入密碼。
健保IC卡具有能被應用於更廣泛的範圍的潛能。最後在本研究中,我們提出了利用健保IC卡配合數位電視存取控制系統,採用動態金鑰交換協定,讓健保IC卡和機上盒(set-top-box)能達到安全的雙向溝通。此外,我們所提出來的架構更可以和EZPIN整合,用以幫助年長者更加方便和安全的收看數位電視的節目。
英文摘要 In Taiwan’s medical system, Healthcare IC cards are required for outpatient procedures. We firstly propose the idea that a Hospital Information System (HIS) should use the information stored in Healthcare IC cards to promote the health quality of card holders. That is, a patient’s HIS data, and the patient’s Healthcare-IC-card data should be integrated to simulate the diagnostic procedures and keep track of repetitive drug dosage and drug interactions. Hence, doctors could obtain timely information on each patient’s drug dosage and avoid repetitive drug dosage or serious drug interactions. We have developed a prototype and demonstrated its effectiveness by simulating chronic dosage for senior citizens.
To enhance the security of Healthcare IC cards, passwords (PINs) are used. However, PINs are prone to forget, especially for senior citizens. We secondly propose to develop a set of devices and secure operations, called EZPIN, to easily use PINs and to help senior citizens in outpatient services. The key component is a device which stores the PIN of the user’s Healthcare IC card, and securely transmits the PIN to a Healthcare IC card reader if the PIN is required. Hence, a senior citizen does not need not to recite and input the PIN by looking for the keys of the PIN on the keyboard of the card reader (or PC) at the registration desk of clinics.
Healthcare IC cards could be applied in a wider range of fields. We thirdly propose to use healthcare IC cards, together with conditional access in digital TV systems. We propose a key exchange protocol for the secure communication between a Healthcare IC card and a set-top-box. Moreover, the proposed scheme can be integrated with EZPIN to help senior citizens to receive DTV programs.
論文目次 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 9
1.1 IC cards 9
1.2 Healthcare IC cards in Taiwan 10
1.3 Motivation 12
1.4 Dissertation structure 13
CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE SURVEY 15
2.1 Information systems for drug dose of the chronic disease 15
2.2 PIN code 17
2.3 Conditional access system 18
CHAPTER 3 USING HEALTHCARE IC CARDS TO MANAGE DRUG DOSE OF THE CHRONIC DISEASE PATIETS 21
3.1 The prototype system 21
3.1.1 Checking the repetitive drug dose 26
3.1.2 Checking the drug interaction 29
3.2 Analysis 32
3.2.1 The repetitive drug dose statistics 32
3.2.2 The drug interaction statistics 35
3.3 Summary 37
CHAPTER 4 POCKET EZPIN DEVICES FOR HEALTHCARE IC CARDS TO ENHANCE THE SECURITY AND CONVENIENCE OF SENIOR CITIZENS 38
4.1 Outpatient procedures using Healthcare IC cards 38
4.2 The prototype system 39
4.3 Summary 44
CHAPTER 5 USING HEALTHCARE IC CARDS AND THE POCKET EZPIN DEVICES TO HELP SENIOR CITIZENS TO PERFORM SECURE COMMUNICATION IN DTV BROADCASTING 45
5.1 CAS in DTV 45
5.2 The proposed scheme 48
5.3 Security analysis 54
5.4 Summary 56
CHAPTER 6 CONCLUSIONS AND FUTURE WORKS 57
REFERENCES 59
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