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系統識別號 U0026-0812200915040081
論文名稱(中文) 藉基因演算法之遞迴式類神經網路應用於電力系統穩定器之研究
論文名稱(英文) Study of the Power System Stabilizer Using Recurrent Neural Networks based on Genetic Algorithm
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 工程科學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Engineering Science
學年度 97
學期 1
出版年 98
研究生(中文) 陳俊榮
研究生(英文) Chun-Jung Chen
電子信箱 n9893104@ccmail.ncku.edu.tw
學號 N9893104
學位類別 博士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 120頁
口試委員 召集委員-周榮華
口試委員-卓明遠
指導教授-陳添智
口試委員-黎碧煌
口試委員-蕭瑛星
中文關鍵字 遞迴型類神經網路  適應類神經網路  基因演算法  電力系統穩定器 
英文關鍵字 power system stabilizer  adaptive neural network control  Recurrent neural network  genetic algorithm 
學科別分類
中文摘要 none
英文摘要 The study and design of power system stabilizer (PSS) using a recurrent neural network based on genetic algorithm is investigated in this dissertation. Since the power system is extremely nonlinear, the PSS is used to damp the oscillations for power generators. The conventional PSSs are used to damp the oscillations base on linear cases and nominal operating point, hence the operating point are limited. In recent years, the artificial intelligent PSS were widely discussed and published. The feed-forward neural networks (FNN) and recurrent neural networks (RNN) were proposed to be applied on the PSS, called FNNPSS and RNNPSS. In this dissertation, a new two layer RNNPSS was proposed which consist of input layer and output layer. The neurons on the input layer are connected to itself and other neurons on the same layer and then connect to output layer. The RNNPSS includes an identifier and a controller. The function of identifier is to track the characteristics of power generator. It can effectively identify the system without knowing its structure or mathematic models of the power systems. The function of the controller is used to supply an adaptive signal to the exciter or governor according the information of identifier. Thus, the oscillations of the power system can be effectively damped by the RNNPSS. Since the learning rates are used to be found by trial and error in the past. The RNNPSS based on genetic algorithm is proposed in this dissertation. The function of genetic algorithm is to find the optimal learning rates for RNNPSS. In order to damp the oscillations of the power systems effectively, the RNNPSS based on genetic algorithm is first trained off line. After the optimal learning rates are determined, the RNNPSS based on genetic algorithm can be guaranteed to be convergent for power system to damp the oscillations. Simulation results demonstrate the performance is effective on damping jobs.
The new two layers RNN is proposed to be applied on an adaptive control PSS which includes a recurrent neural network controller (RNNC) and a compensator. The function of RNNC and compensator are to supply an adaptive control signal to the exciter or governor with the adaptive law. The principle analysis and equation derivation of the adaptive neural network control PSS is introduced and deduced. Simulations for the power system are demonstrated their performance and compare with the conventional PSS does.
論文目次 Abstract I
Acknowledgements III
Contents V
List of Figures and Table VII
Nomenclature XII
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Background and motivation 1
1.2 The proposed recurrent neural network 9
Chapter 2 Modeling of the Power System 13
2.1 Motivation 13
2.2 The simple power system model 14
2.3 The N-buses power system model 16
2.4 The peripheral equipments and power system stabilizer 22
Chapter 3 RNNPSS for Power Systems 25
3.1 Motivation 25
3.2 RNNPSS for three-machine power system 27
3.3 The proposed RNNPSS 30
3.3.1 The RNNI 30
3.3.2 The RNNC 33
3.4 Convergence of the RNNI 36
3.5 Convergence of the RNNC 39
3.6 Computer simulations 40
3.7 The RNNPSS based on GA 50
3.8 Computer simulations 52
3.9 Changing the operating point 62
Chapter 4 PSS Design Using Adaptive Control 70
4.1 Motivation 70
4.2 The adaptive control scheme 71
4.3 Computer simulations 78
4.4 Changing the operating point for adaptive RNNC PSS 87
Chapter 5 Conclusions 95
References 98
Appendix I The Tracking Effect of Proposed Two-Layer RNNI 110
Appendix II The Parameters of State Equation 113
Publish List 117
Curriculum Vitae 119
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