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系統識別號 U0026-0812200914255860
論文名稱(中文) 發展協調障礙兒童執行視覺空間注意力情境下大腦相關事件誘發電位之探討
論文名稱(英文) Event-Related Potentials Study of Visuospatial Attention in Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 體育健康與休閒研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Physical Education, Health & Leisure Studies
學年度 96
學期 2
出版年 97
研究生(中文) 邱馨慧
研究生(英文) Hsing-Hui Chiu
學號 rb695107
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 58頁
口試委員 口試委員-吳昇光
指導教授-蔡佳良
口試委員-黃滄海
中文關鍵字 大腦相關事件誘發電位  發展協調障礙  內因性  視覺空間注意力  Posner模式 
英文關鍵字 visuospatial attention  endogenous  Developmental Coordination Disorder  event-related potential  Posner paradigm 
學科別分類
中文摘要 從過去的行為研究上已證實發展協調障礙兒童有執行內因性視覺空間注意力的反應缺陷,這個現象可能是由不同的大腦皮質認知處理階段缺陷所引起,因此,本研究目的在探討發展協調障礙兒童在執行內因性視覺空間注意力的障礙機轉。本研究先以Movement ABC評估工具篩檢出15位9-10歲發展協調障礙兒童,並以15位正常兒童做為對照組,進行Posner內因性視覺空間注意力作業,並同步錄製大腦相關事件誘發電位,所得的資料以混合設計之重複量數變異數進行統計分析。結果發現:(一)發展協調障礙兒童的確在執行內因性視覺空間注意力下反應時間較慢。(二)發展協調障礙兒童在執行內因性視覺空間注意力作業時,大腦相關事件誘發電位在cue-P3波波峰出現時間顯著地比正常兒童慢、N2-RT時間較長與target-P3波波峰在Oz皮質區之振幅比較小。此研究發現發展協調障礙兒童反應時間較慢的主因可能是Cue-P3波延滯出現以及N2-RT的時間較長所致。建議未來可再配合手部肌電圖實驗,進一步探討發展協調障礙兒童手部動作神經元是否有傳遞上的缺失,如此將更能明確了解這類兒童在執行內因性視覺空間注意力時,反應時間較慢的機轉。
英文摘要 Children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) were demonstrated that they have the slower reaction time when executing the endogenous visuospatial attention during the Posner paradigm task. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to identify and compare attentional, decisional, and motor processing stages of brain activity, as revealed by event-related potentials (ERPs) concurring with lower response ability in children with DCD and typically developing children. In the present study, behavioral performance and ERPs measures were recorded and compared during a variant of the endogenous Posner paradigm in 15 children with DCD, along with 15 typically developing children, aged 9-10 years and identified with Movement Assessment Battery for Children. Data were analyzed statistically by a mixed design, factorial, and repeated-measures analysis of variance (ANOVA). The results showed that:(1) children with DCD had significantly longer reaction time than typically developing children whatever the cue-target combination; and (2) the electrophysiological characteristics also showed distinctively reflective waveforms in children with DCD: longer cue-P3 latency, smaller target-P3 amplitude at the Oz lead, and an elongated interval between target-N2 and the motor response. The main mechanism on slower reaction time in children with DCD was suggested that they had longer Cue-P3, and needed more time to make strategic decision and to execute behavioural performance. Further corroborative research, such as electromyography coupled with ERPs and behavioural performance, will no doubt help to address the explicit mechanism of motor impairment in children with DCD.
論文目次 目錄
摘要..............I
Abstract..........II
目錄..............III
表目錄............IV
圖目錄.............V
第壹章 緒論...................................1
第一節 研究背景與動機......................1
第二節 研究目的............................3
第三節 研究假設............................4
第四節 名辭解釋............................4
第五節 研究範圍與限制......................5
第貳章 文獻探討................................6
第一節 發展協調障礙之介紹..................6
第二節 潛在視覺空間注意力測驗..............9
第三節 Posner模式應用於腦波表現之紹.......13
第四節 總結...............................16
第參章 研究方法與步驟........................17
第一節 研究架構...............................17
第二節 研究對象...............................18
第三節 研究工具...............................18
第四節 實驗流程...............................18
第五節 資料處理與分析.........................21
第 肆 章 研究結果.............................22
第一節 動作協調能力結果.......................22
第二節 在Posner模式下視覺空間注意力測驗結果...23
第三節 在Posner模式下ERP之結果............24
第四節 總結...................................35
第 伍 章 討論.................................37
第一節 注意力反應時間之探討...................37
第二節 大腦相關事件電位之探討.................39
第 陸 章 結論與建議...........................45
第一節 結論...............................45
第二節 建議...............................45
參考文獻.......................................46
附錄
一 Movement-ABC 9-10歲評估項目.........56
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