Sima Qian studies independently from Confucius, and takes “Chuen Qiou” as the model. He collects many records to write the history, and uses his talent to let it be filled with literary esthetic sense. Eventually , "Shiji" concurrently have historical and literary writing skills. Turning the historical data to the history book is the process of historiography. There are three methods to utilize historical data-excerpt, alteration, and innovation. No matter what kind of method to be used, expressing the viewpoint of history is the main purpose when Sima Qian writing "Shiji" .
On the basis of the achievement of “Shijihuizhukaozheng” and other historical textual research, I try to restore the text and reconstruct the condition which Sima Qian adopts the historical data. By comparing to the text, there are the alteration and innovation of historiography in terms of "Shiji". I obtain the following conclusion: Sima Qian establishes the blueprint with the historical point of view, chooses the historical data with allegory, and writes the book with more or less alteration and innovation. The above all tend to express his ideas. This write style has affected afterwards literature and history, moreover becoming their invariable core value of evolvement.
The alteration and innovation of “Shiji” include textual research, argumentation, and art of writing. The alteration and innovation of historiography in terms of "Shiji" is the relationship between textual research and argumentation. It not only could provide a new viewpoint to "Shiji" studying, but also may increase the connotation of historical method, such as historical tailor, historical point of view, historiography…etc.. And it could provide the foundation to afterwards history alteration as well, like Twenty-fifth Histories recasting; literary innovation, like historical biography literature recasting, the classical literature recasting, the dramatization and so on. Then we may use the viewpoint to study the art of writing in terms of “Shiji” continually. Doing multi-dimensional research between history and history, literature and history, classic and modern literature.