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系統識別號 U0026-0812200914012493
論文名稱(中文) 車用導航系統使用之安全調查研究
論文名稱(英文) The Study of the Safty about Using In-Vehicle Navigation Systems
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 工業設計學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Industrial Design
學年度 95
學期 2
出版年 96
研究生(中文) 陳宏坤
研究生(英文) Hung-Kuen Chen
學號 p3694111
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 69頁
口試委員 指導教授-賴新喜
口試委員-陳建旭
口試委員-謝志成
中文關鍵字 車用導航系統  心理壓力  質性研究  問卷調查 
英文關鍵字 Psychological Stress  In-Vehicle Navigation Systems  Qualitative study  Questionnaire Investigate 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本研究主要在對於現行車用導航系統之使用對駕駛者心理影響之狀況進行了解。研究以心理壓力感為主要探討方向,研究方法採用質性研究與量化調查綜合之方式進行。第一次問卷以一般駕駛為主要對象,藉由因素分析得到目前影響駕駛心理壓力之四項因素;接著以得到之因素為方向進行探索性訪談。訪談後進行三角驗證,以得到第二次問卷調查之題目方向,最後進行第二次問卷調查之分析,並得到相關結果,其可為日後車用導航系統設計改良之方向,亦可讓駕駛者作為選擇導航系統之條件基準。問卷形成之流程及經過初測及修改後所發展出具信度、效度之問卷,可作為爾後車用導航系統設計之應用,幫助設計師可以較少時間與成本即能找出潛藏的使用性問題。亦可依照此架構,衍生出其他使用性之問卷。
英文摘要 This study investigated the mental effects of the drivers when using in-vehicle navigation systems. The focal point is the degree of the psychological stress in the research. Qualitative and quantitative studies were adopted to administ the study. The samples of the first questionnaire are general drivers and this result was used in factor analysis to get four facts which effect drivers’ psychological stress. The four facts are the basis to exploratory interviews. The results of the interviews were induced to develop the questions of the second questionnaire and received the affiliated results. The results can be used to improve the in-vehicle navigation and be the criterions when choosing by consumers. The forming process of the questionary and the questionary which has reliability and validity can be the application to design in the future. They can help designer to discover potential questions with less time and cost. The designers can also make another questionaries by the framework.
論文目次 目 錄
第一章 緒論................................1
1-1研究動機與背景..........................1
1-2 研究目的...............................2
1-3 研究範圍與限制.........................3
1-4 研究流程...............................4
第二章 文獻探討............................5
2-1車用導航系統及其使用行為與表現..........5
2-1-1車內資訊系統(IVIS)....................6
2-1-2衛星定位系統..........................8
2.1.3車用導航系統相關研究.................10
2-2駕駛行為...............................13
2-3心理壓力...............................16
第三章 研究方法...........................19
3.1 質性研究..............................20
3-1-1質性研究之特性.......................20
3-1-2質性研究與量化研究之比較.............22
3-2第一階段問卷施測.......................25
3-2-1第一階段問卷之設計...................25
3-2-2因素分析.............................26
3-3個案訪談...............................31
3-3-1個案的選擇...........................32
3-3-2資料蒐集方式.........................32
3-3-3訪談大綱.............................33
3-3-4個案訪談過程.........................33
3-3-5文本蒐集、分析.......................34
3-3-6信度與效度...........................34
3-4第二階段問卷調查.......................35
3-4-1描述性研究...........................35
3-4-2調查研究.............................35
3-4-3第二階段問卷設計.....................36
3-4-4問卷樣本數...........................40
第四章 研究結果...........................41
4-1訪談結果與歸納.........................41
4-1-1行駛環境面向.........................41
4-1-2訊息明示性面向.......................43
4-1-3設備操作與互動面向...................45
4-2第二階段問卷調查之結果分析.............48
4-2-1問卷初測結果.........................48
4-2-2問卷正式施測結果.....................50
4-2-3綜合分析.............................55
第五章 結論與建議.........................58
5-1研究成果...............................58
5-2後續研究建議...........................59
參考文獻..................................60

表目錄
表2-1使用性5E..............................7
表3-1量化研究與質化研究比較 ...............23
表3-2個案研究與調查研究之相對強處之比較...24
表3-3信度分析.............................27
表3-4 Cronbach’s α 係數大小與可信程度表..27
表3-5第一次問卷之KMO值....................27
表3-6 KMO判斷準則.........................27
表3-7因素分析結果.........................28
表3-8問卷回答之平均數.....................29
表3-9樣本數計算過程.......................40
表4-1第二次問卷信度分析...................48
表4-2初測結果:各題平均分數...............49
表4-3行駛環境方面各問題之平均數...........50
表4-4行駛環境方面次數分配表...............51
表4-5訊息明示性方面各問題之平均數.........52
表4-6訊息明示性方面次數分配表.............52
表4-7設備之操作互動方面各問題之平均數.....53
表4-8設備之操作互動方面次數分配表.........53
表4-9使駕駛有心理影響之項目及影響大小.....53
表4-10問卷第二部分各題之次數分配及其平均數54
表4-11相關係數表(一)......................55
表4-12 相關係數表(二).....................56
表4-13 T檢定結果..........................56
表4-14 年齡與「行駛時周遭有車之情形下查看導航系統螢幕訊息對心理壓力之影響」之ONE-WAY ANOVA分析結果...57
表4-15年齡與「螢幕介面選項繁雜度對心理壓力之影響」之ONE-WAY ANOVA分析結果.........................57

圖目錄
圖1-1駕駛行為之理念架構圖..................1
圖1-2研究流程圖............................4
圖2-1 內建式車用導航系統...................5
圖2-2 外加式車用導航系統...................5
圖2-3導航系統使用決策流程圖...............12
圖2-4駕駛人特性與交通事故之理論架構.......16
圖3-1研究調查步驟圖.......................19
圖3-2因素陡坡圖...........................20


附 錄
附錄一 第一次調查問卷
附錄二 導航系統使用與駕駛者心理影響關係調查問卷
附錄三 訪談同意書
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