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系統識別號 U0026-0812200914003920
論文名稱(中文) 高層集合住宅日照陰影對綠覆率之影響評估--以台南市集合住宅為例
論文名稱(英文) The shade of effect for ratio of green cover in elevated multi-family building-----for example with family building of Tainan city
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 建築學系專班
系所名稱(英) Department of Architecture (on the job class)
學年度 95
學期 2
出版年 96
研究生(中文) 柯秀鳳
研究生(英文) Hsiu -Feng
電子信箱 n7792153@mail.ncku.edu.tw
學號 n7792153
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 47頁
口試委員 口試委員-鄭政利
口試委員-黃漢泉
指導教授-林憲德
中文關鍵字 日照陰影  日照比率  綠覆率 
英文關鍵字 Sun shadow  sunlight ratio  ratio of green cover 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本研究主要是針對高層集合住宅透過日照陰影的電腦模擬分析,以瞭解高層建築之陰影覆蓋率對於周邊綠覆條件之影響。未來建築物於綠建築申請時對於綠覆率檢討乙項,就周邊空間綠化配置考量其位置之預期成長條件,進而提出評分加權建議以達成綠化檢討時綠覆率執行之可行效果與永續有效的生態環境目的。

本研究設定以台南市集合住宅不同建築樓高與長寬比為分析對象,利用電腦模擬春分之陰影量再加以詳細的計算其不同區域於不同時間之日照陰影次數,解析出其不同時段之陰影比例。經過交叉比對其陰影分佈關係,得到建物周邊不同位置之日影圖及日影比例。依照同一基地面積建蔽率、容積率相同條件下之11種不同建築高度比及四種不同長寬比各類建築物樣本的模擬分析,依其周邊區域分割成A、B、C、D四區域分析其日影次數及比例,其結果得知建築物兩側(AreaA/AreaC)於早晚(10:30前與15:30後),較高的建築量體產生較高比率的陰影覆蓋區域,建築物高度對日影覆蓋影響較大。建築物背側(AreaB)上午與下午日影覆蓋比率並不受建築物高低或平面長寬比不同而有大幅度影響。建築物背側中午時段長寬比高的建築量體其日影覆蓋範圍較廣,日影覆蓋比率並未因建築物高度而造成太大影響。

依據綠建築規劃設計有關綠覆率本項指標而言,日照陰影次數與比率對綠化效果將有較大影響,依本分析結果得知建築物南向位置最佳日照比率可達100%,東向與西向位置日照比率其次可達73.98~96.84%,北向位置日照比率最差達6.56~48.11%。因此可得知較佳的綠化配置位置為建築物南向,其次為東向及西向,綠化生長最差區域為北向位置。

本研究在透過日照陰影的電腦模擬分析結果,故未來建議於綠覆率計算乙項,分成綠化配置南向位置綠覆率×1.5,東向與西向位置綠覆率×1,北向位置綠覆率×0.5。藉以不同優惠係數作為配置位置獎勵,期以達到長期有效之最佳綠化成效進而達成節約能源的目標與永續生態的觀念。
英文摘要 This research has analyzed the sun shadow of high-rise amalgamated dwelling by computer emulator so as to find out the influence of shadow cover ratio of tall building on green cover ratio nearby. Regulation item B for the ratio of green cover should be reached when applying green building; anticipate building growing condition according to their nearby green space allocation and then present grade weighting recommendation so as to meet the purpose of reach the ratio of green cover and sustainable ecological environment.

This research takes amalgamated dwellings with different building height and aspect ratio in Tainan city as analyzing objectives; we use computer emulator to emulate the amount of shadow in vernal equinox and then calculate the frequency of sun shadow at different area and time; at last find out the ratio of shadow in different time interval. After cross comparing its shadow allocation relation, we get sun shadow figure as well as sun shadow ratio at different position near buildings. According to 11 types of different building height as well as 4 types of different aspect ratio from sample building emulation analysis under same building coverage ratio of base area and plot ratio under identical conditions, separate into A, B, C and D region according to its nearby region and then analyze its sun shadow frequency and ratio. From the results we learned that in the morning (before 10:30) and in the evening (after 15:30), the higher side of the building between two sides (Area A / Area C) will generate higher ratio of shadow coverage area; the height of building has great influence on sun shadow coverage. The sun shadow cover ratio of the back side of building (Area B) in the morning and evening won't be influenced a lot by building height or plane aspect ratio. The sun shadow coverage area of building which aspect ratio of backside is high at noon will be wide; the sun shadow cover ratio won't be influenced a lot by building height.

According to the indices of ratio of green cover related to green architectural program design, sun shadow frequency and ratio will have great influence on forestation effect. We learn from the analyzing result that the sunlight ratio in south side of building is the best and can reach 100%; next is east side and west side which sunlight ratio can reach 73.98~96.84%; the north side is the worse and the sunlight ratio is only 6.56~48.11%.Therefore, the best forestation position is the south side of building; next is east side and west side; the worse is north side.

The analytical result of this research was acquired by computer sun shadow emulation; therefore it will be recommended for regulation item B for the ratio of green cover. The ratio of green cover in south side is *1.5, east and west side is *1 and north side is *0.5. Use different preferential parameters as position allocation bonus so as to meet the purpose of optimal forestation effect and then save energy and meet the concept of sustainable ecological environment.
論文目次 第一章 緒論

1-1 研究動機.......................................... 1
1-2 研究目的.......................................... 2
1-3 研究範圍與內容.................................... 3
1-4 研究架構與流程.................................... 3

第二章 相關理論文獻回顧

2-1 相關文獻回顧...................................... 5
2-1-1 日照陰影相關文獻................................ 5
2-1-2 保水綠化相關文獻................................ 6
2-2 我國現行綠建築相關規範............................ 6

第三章 研究方法與架構

3-1 研究方法與項目.................................... 8
3-1-1 研究對象........................................ 8
3-1-2 研究項目與方法.................................. 9
3-2 分析架構與計算方式................................. 10

第四章 高層建築日射量分析

4-1 日照陰影分佈與預測模型............................. 12
4-2 A類不同樓層高度建築資料分析....................... 16
4-3 B類不同長寬比建築資料分析......................... 32
4-4 建築配置位置分析結果............................... 37

第五章 結論與建議

5-1 結論.............................................. 45
5-2 建議.............................................. 46

參考文獻.............................................. 47
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