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系統識別號 U0026-0812200913572811
論文名稱(中文) 品質指標初次合格率與缺失重做費用探討—以高科技廠房新建工程為例
論文名稱(英文) Relationship of Quality Measure FTPR and Rework Cost—High-Tech Plant Construction As An Example
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 土木工程學系專班
系所名稱(英) Department of Civil Engineering (on the job class)
學年度 95
學期 2
出版年 96
研究生(中文) 唐文堂
研究生(英文) Wen-Tang Tang
學號 n6793110
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 85頁
口試委員 指導教授-張行道
口試委員-陳建旭
口試委員-朱聖浩
口試委員-黃盈樺
口試委員-林建良
中文關鍵字 高科技廠房  ISO 9000  缺失重做費用  初次合格率  品質指標 
英文關鍵字 FTPR  rework cost  high-tech plant  ISO 9000  quality measure 
學科別分類
中文摘要 「初次合格率」為施作前的材料/設備查驗及施作中的施工/安裝檢驗初次通過的項目比率,為營建施工過程中反映品質面貌簡單的品質指標,國內研究已可應用於橋樑工程及建築工程。本研究應用於高科技廠房新建工程案例、分析品質缺失重做費用及進一步探討初次合格率與缺失重做費用關係。
首先以專案A已完工高科技廠房案例,應用初次合格率使用步驟分析計算出各項施工作業的初次合格率變化,瞭解施工過程中每個階段呈現的品質面貌。再由專案A施工過程中記錄品質檢驗不合格項目的施工檢查表,依據承包商制定的費用處理作業,如人力方面的報工單、材料方面的代辦費用通知單、機具方面的罰扣款單,此3項費用單據統計不合格項目缺失重做的直接費用。另以專案B興建中高科技廠房,採用斯匹爾門(Spearman)等級相關係數,檢定初次合格率與缺失重做費用的關係,包含不同作業初次合格率差異、相同作業不同廠商初次合格率差異。
研究結果為初次合格率與重做費用有明顯相關性,初次合格率愈高,重做費用愈低;反之初次合格率愈低,重做費用愈高。分析不同施工作業初次合格率差異,可以清楚各項施工作業的工程特性及施工過程的困難所在,可以回饋預防工程品質缺失。分析相同作業不同廠商初次合格率差異,可以清楚協力廠商的工藝水準及管理能力,作為評選協力廠商依據。
英文摘要 First time pass ratio (FTPR) is a simple performance measure of construction quality for construction projects. It is the ratio of the first time pass number to total inspection number, for material/equipment before and construction/installation during construction. Previous studies have applied it on bridge and building construction projects. This study applies it on high-tech plant construction, to analyze the rework cost due to the quality defect as well as the relationship between FTPR and rework cost.
First, a finished high-tech plant of project A was taken as an example. FTPR was calculated to analyze quality variations of construction works at different stages. Then the failed items in the quality check list were selected and the rework expenses were calculated. These expenses include the labor, materials and penalty ticket of machines. Furthermore, an on-going high-tech plant of project B was adopted to check the correlation between FTPR and rework cost, and display FTPRs of different works and the same work by different contractors.
The result shows that there is significant dependency between FTPR and rework cost. The higher is FTPR, the lower is rework cost. From the analysis of different FTPRs, the characteristics of different works and the difficulty of construction can be understood. This can feedback to and prevent the quality defect of construction works. From the FTPR differences, contractors’ technical levels and managerial ability can be differentiated. FTPR can be used to select contractors.
論文目次 摘 要 i
Abstract ii
誌謝 iii
目 錄 iv
表目錄 vi
圖目錄 viii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1研究動機 1
1.2研究目的與範圍 2
1.3研究方法與步驟 2
第二章 文獻回顧 4
2.1品質指標 4
2.1.1品質檢驗 4
2.1.2營建品質 5
2.2重做成本 5
2.3高科技廠房 6
第三章 初次合格率應用實例 8
3.1應用於高科技廠房新建工程 8
3.1.1完工進度表編排 8
3.1.2品質檢驗點選取 11
3.2工程分類統計 14
3.2.1以施工作業分類 14
3.2.2以結構單元分類 18
3.3初次合格率之分析 20
3.3.1以施工作業分類統計與分析 20
3.3.2以結構單元分類統計與分析 24
3.3.3初次合格率之差異 24
第四章 缺失重做費用實例 27
4.1高科技廠房新建工程 27
4.1.1施工檢查表 27
4.1.2重做費用之分析 30
4.2重做費用之計算 31
4.2.1以施工作業分類 31
4.2.2以結構單元分類 37
第五章 初次合格率與缺失重做費用關係 41
5.1預定進度表編排 41
5.2施工作業FTPR 43
5.2.1不同作業FTPR差異 43
5.3不同廠商FTPR差異 51
5.3.1材料廠商FTPR 52
5.3.2施工廠商FTPR 54
第六章 結論與建議63
6.1結論 63
6.2建議 65
參考文獻 67
一、西文部份 67
二、中文部份 68
附錄一 各項作業施工檢查表 70
附錄二 重做費用單範本 84
自述 85
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