進階搜尋


 
系統識別號 U0026-0812200913542615
論文名稱(中文) 既有辦公建築室內空氣品質改造及檢測之研究以高雄市辦公建築為例
論文名稱(英文) A Study of the Improvement and Examination on IAQ for office Buildings in Kaohsiung
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 建築學系專班
系所名稱(英) Department of Architecture (on the job class)
學年度 95
學期 2
出版年 96
研究生(中文) 黃東海
研究生(英文) Tunz-Hai Huang
電子信箱 n7792149@mail.ncku.edu.tw
學號 n7792149
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 89頁
口試委員 指導教授-江哲銘
口試委員-周伯丞
口試委員-林芳銘
中文關鍵字 診斷  室內空氣品質  健康  改善 
英文關鍵字 improving  health  diagnosing  Indoor air quality 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本研究論文主要是從使用者與室內環境的健康舒適性為發展目標,透過客觀的儀器量測進行室內空氣品質(Indoor Air Quality)的定量化分析,以及使用者心理問卷評價,瞭解「環境」與「人」健康舒適之關連性,並建立一套室內空氣品質診斷及改善標準程序,提供未來為數眾多之「既存建築」,進行室內環境診斷與改善成效評估之用。本研究結論如下:
一、室內空氣品質狀況
透過實際使用者問卷調查結果及實際檢測,CO2、HCHO、TVOC等實為室內空氣環境品質中具有影嚮性之『關鍵』。
1. 二氧化碳(CO2)濃度平均值:
測定案例二氧化碳濃度平均PPM(標準為1000PPM),雖在標準值內,但在超過600PPM時上班人員會呈現偶而抱怨頭痛、昏睡、悶熱的現象。綜合問卷對滿意度的分析,滿意度在適中與不滿意間;雖有些不滿意,但可接受的狀況。
2. 甲醛(HCHO)濃度平均值:
從改善前後的甲醛的平均值來觀察,改善前為0.12ppm已超過環保署的建議標準值,改善後量測,所量測到的甲醛(HCHO)平均濃度為0.025ppm,以符合標準值之內,達到改善之標準建議。
3. 總揮發性有機物質(TVOC)濃度平均值:
從改善前後的甲醛的平均值來觀察,改善前為3.11ppm,已超過環保署的建議標準值,改善後量測,所量測到的濃度平均值TVOC 0.76ppm,以符合標準值之內,達到改善之標準建議。
二、對於室內環境品質的改善:
1. 室內污染物發生源的控制:
降低室內污染源,室內裝修材料避免使用纖維質材料,改用低污染建築材料例如毛毯或布質材料。室內人員密度的控制,人是二氧化碳的主要產生源,所以必須控制一定量的人員在侷限的空間內及增加新鮮外氣置入。
2. 室內通風換氣:
室內污染空氣排出,引入室外清淨空氣,適當的導入外氣,增加室內氣流的流速,可降低室內二氧化碳的濃度及分佈較均勻。
3. 室內設備建議使用:
空調設備使用建議儘量以產生較低噪音的空調系統為主,加強空調設備的換氣量或使用氣窗,幫助室內外通風換氣,降低室內CO2濃度。所以定期檢查空調或開窗戶等方式以減少二氧化碳、甲醛、揮發性有機物質濃度,提升空氣品質,以增加工作效率及保障身體的健康。
英文摘要 This research thesis is mainly the development goal from the health comfortableness of the user and indoor environment, examine indoor air quality through the objective instrument amount (Indoor Air Quality) Ration analyse taking,and whether user psychological questionnaire appraise, understand ' environment ' with ' people ' closing of connecting with healthy and comfortable, set up one indoor air quality diagnose and improve standardization program, it offers to be numerous in future ' deposit building already ', carry on indoor environment diagnose and improve whom effect assess not to spend. This research conclusion is as follows:
1. Quality state of indoor air:
And measure actually through the real user's questionnaire investigation result, CO2, HCHO, TVOC, have to shadow tropism for the environmental quality of indoor air really.
a. Carbon dioxide (CO2) The average of thickness:
Determine the thickness average PPM of carbon dioxide of the case ( The standard is 1000PPM) ,Although in standard value, work while exceeding 600PPM personnel will appear evenly and complaining about the headache, lethargic sleep, sultry phenomenon. Analysis on satisfaction of comprehensive questionnaire, satisfaction is moderate and unsatisfied one; Though unsatisfied a bit, acceptable state.
b. Formaldehyde ( HCHO) The average of thickness:
Observe from the average of the formaldehyde before and after improving, the standard value of suggestion that had already exceeded the environmental protection administration for 0.12ppm before improving, quantity is examined after improving, the formaldehyde that quantity examines ( HCHO) The average thickness is 0.025ppm, in order to accord with standard value, reach the standard improved to propose.
c. Organic matter of total volatility ( TVOC) The average of thickness:
Observe from the average of the formaldehyde before and after improving, it is 3.11ppm before improving, has already exceeded the standard value of suggestion of the environmental protection administration, quantity is examined after improving, the thickness average TVOC 0.76ppm that quantity examines, in order to accord with standard value, reach the standard improved to propose.
2. To the improvement of environmental quality in the room:
a. The control of the source takes place in the indoor pollutant:
Reduce the indoor pollution sources, indoor renovation materials prevent from to use the fibre material, use it instead such as the woollen blanket or cloth material. Control of the indoor personnel's density, people are the main production source of the carbon dioxide, so must control the personnel of a certain amount in the space of the limitation and increase fresh outside putting into angrily.
b. Ventilate and take a breath in the room:
Pollute the air and discharge in the room, introduce the peace and quiet air outdoors, angry proper insertion outside, increase the velocity of flow of the indoor air current, the thickness and distribution that can reduce the indoor carbon dioxide are relatively even.
c. It is used that the indoor equipment is proposed:
The air conditioning uses and proposes trying one's best to rely mainly on producing the air conditioner system with low more noise, strengthen the taking a breath amount of the air conditioning or use the transom window, help to ventilate and take a breath inside and outside the room, reduce indoor CO2 thickness. So check such ways as the air conditioner or making the window,etc. Dr.eye: in order to reduce the carbon dioxide, formaldehyde, thickness of organic matter of volatility regularly, improve air quality, the health by increasing working efficiency and ensuring the body.
論文目次 摘要 I
Abstract II
目錄 III
表目錄 V
圖目錄 VI

第一章 緒論 1-1
1-1 研究動機與目的 1-1
1-1.1 研究動機 1-1
1-1.2 研究目的 1-5
1-2 文獻回顧 1-6
1-3 研究範圍 1-8
1-4 研究流程 1-9
1-5 研究內容與架構 1-10
第二章 研究方法 2-1
2-1 室內空氣環境概述與相關理論整理探討 2-1
2-1.1 室內空氣品質與健康 2-1
2-1.2 建築室內空氣環境 2-2
2-1.3 空氣品質污染源概述 2-4
2-1.4 室內空氣品質物理性因子 2-7
2-1.5 室內空氣品質化學性因子 2-9
2-2 通風換氣相關文獻 2-17
2-2.1 換氣次數與換氣量 2-17
2-3 建築環境調查方法、測定方法與儀器之選定 2-20
2-4 小結 2-25
第三章 案例診斷、檢測與分析 3-1
3-1 研究對象限制與區位說明 3-1
3-2 基地環境氣候條件分析 3-2
3-3 高雄市空氣污染物歷年監測統計分析 3-6
3-4 研究範圍概述 3-8
3-5 調查結果與診斷 3-12
3-6 問卷調查結果分析 3-14
3-6.1 基本特性 3-14
3-6.2 問卷調查內容統計結果 3-15
第四章 改造後室內空氣品質現場測定與分析 4-1
4-1 室內空氣品質測定評估 4-1
4-1.1 物理性因子 4-2
4-1.2 化學性因子 4-4
4-2 改善前後結果之比對評估 4-8
第五章 結論與建議 5-1
5-1 研究結論 5-1
5-2 後續研究建議 5-3
■ 參考文獻 6-1
參考文獻 參考書目
中文部分
1. 江哲銘,住宅室內空氣年齡指標與換氣效率性能檢測法評估研究,國科會研究報告(NSC86-2621-E-006-003),1997。
2. 江哲銘,住宅室內通風效率實測評估法研究,國科會研究報告(NSC88-2211-E-006-047),1999。
3. 江哲銘,建築技術規則有關通風條文增修訂之研究,內政部建築研究所,1997。
4. 江哲銘,建築物噪音與振動,胡氏圖書,1993。
5. 江哲銘,建築室內環境保健控制綜合指標之研究,內政部建築研究所,1999。
6. 江哲銘、李彥頤、周伯丞、邵文政,辦公空間室內裝修對空氣品質影響,第二屆 中華民國室內設計學術研討會論文集,pp.257-262,高雄,台灣,2000。
7. 江哲銘、林俊興等,住居空間物理環境基準之研究(室內品質量測法初探),中華民國建築學會第四屆建築學術研究發表會論文集,1991。
8. 江哲銘、賴啟銘、周伯丞、李彥頤,綠建築室內環境指標之研究 A Study on the Indoor Environment Index (IEI) for labelling Green Building in Taiwan,”第十二屆建築研究成果發表會論文集”,中華民國建築學會,Ref. No. 256,台北,台灣,2000。
9. 江哲銘等,住宅室內空氣環境使用後評估,中華民國建築學會學術研究成果發表會論文集,1993。
10. 江哲銘等,辦公空間通風效果與污染物濃度之研究-以台灣商業辦公大樓為例 A Study on the Relation of Ventilation to Pollutant in Commercial Office Spaces of Taiwan,中華民國建築學會 第十三屆建築研究成果發表會論文集,CD-ROM,高雄,台灣,2001。
11. 營建雜誌社,建築技術規則,1992。
12. 蘇慧貞、江哲銘、李俊璋,室內空氣品質標準與管制策略之研究,行政院環保署,2000.8。
13. 蘇慧貞、江哲銘、李俊璋,高雄市辦公大樓之室內空氣品質調查與健康危害之評估,高雄市環保局,2000。
14. 蘇慧貞、江哲銘,室內空氣品質檢測方法之研究,行政院環保署環境檢驗所,2003.7。

外文部分
1. Air Quality and Human Health-Indoor Air Quality, State of the Environment Reporting, En-vironment Australia, Australia, 1997.
2. Che-Ming Chiang, Po-Cheng Chou, Chi-Ming Lai, A Methodology to Access the Indoor Environment in Care Centers for Senior Citizens, Building and Environment Vol. 36, No. 4., 2000.
3. CM Lai, CM Chiang, A Study on the Comprehensive Indicator of Indoor Environment Assessment for Occupants’ Health in Taiwan, Building and Environment, Vol. 37, No.4, pp.387-392, 2001.
4. Etkin DS. Ceilings/Walls & IAQ: Health impacts, prevention & mitigation. Cutter Information Corp. Arlington, U.S.A. 1994.
5. Etkin DS. Office furnishings/equipment & IAQ: Health impacts, prevention & mitigation. Cutter Information Corp. Arlington, U.S.A. 1992.
6. F. M. Lin, C. M. Chiang, and S. F. Chen, Prediction and Reduction Evaluation of Floor Vibration Induced by Foot Steps, Building Acoustics Vol. 8, No. 2., 2001.
7. Healthy Building 2000 Proceedings, International Conference on Healthy Building, Espoo, Finland. 2000.
8. Hiroyoshi Otsuki, 電磁波白書,株式會社,Japan,1997.05
9. ICNIRP Statement, General Approach to Protection Against Non-Inonizing Radiation, International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection, 2002.
10. International Conference Sustainable Building 2000 Proceedings, Maastricht, Netherlands. 2000.
11. Marie Hult, Assessment of indoor environment in existing buildings, Green Building Challenge ’98 , Vol. 2, pp.139-146, 1998.10., Sweden. 1998.
12. O’Reilly JT, Hagan P, Gots R, Hedege A. Keeping Buildings Healthy: How to monitor and prevent indoor environmental problems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Canada. 1998.
13. Seppänen O, Tuomainen M, Säteri J. Healthy Buildings 2000: Workshop Summaries. Espoo, Finland. 2000.
14. Ventilation for Acceptable Air Quality, ASHARE Standard 62-1998, American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning and Sanitary Engineers Inc., Atlanta: 1998.
15. 日本建設省建築研究所,室內環境評價法,1994。
16. 日本建築學會,環境磁場計測技術,1998。
17. 田邊新一,室內化學污染シックハウス常識と對策,株式會社講談社,Japan,1998.。
18. 高木任之,建築基準法性能規定をみこなすコツ,學藝出版社,2000.11。
國土交通省住宅局,必攜「住宅の品質確保の促進等に關する法律」改訂版2001,創樹社,Japan,2001。
論文全文使用權限
  • 同意授權校內瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2008-08-20起公開。
  • 同意授權校外瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2008-08-20起公開。


  • 如您有疑問,請聯絡圖書館
    聯絡電話:(06)2757575#65773
    聯絡E-mail:etds@email.ncku.edu.tw