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系統識別號 U0026-0812200913484364
論文名稱(中文) 分析機場跑道抗滑值之變化-以高雄國際機場為例
論文名稱(英文) Analyses of Pavement Friction on Airport Runway-Case Study of Kaohsiung International Airport
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 土木工程學系專班
系所名稱(英) Department of Civil Engineering (on the job class)
學年度 95
學期 2
出版年 96
研究生(中文) 陳志興
研究生(英文) Chih-Hsing Chen
電子信箱 n6793101@mail.ncku.edu.tw
學號 n6793101
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 129頁
口試委員 口試委員-陳偉全
口試委員-周家蓓
口試委員-王劍能
口試委員-蔡攀鰲
指導教授-陳建旭
中文關鍵字 細質紋理  粗質紋理  連續抗滑檢測儀器  抗滑值  胎屑沈積 
英文關鍵字 friction  rubber deposit  macrotexture  microtexture  CFME 
學科別分類
中文摘要 台灣面臨全球化之競爭,客、貨之運輸要求迅速、準時,故對航空運輸之需求與日俱增,國內目前共有18座民用機場,每日有無數之航機起降於跑道,如何確保機場跑道鋪面之抗滑值能維持在最佳狀況,以提供航機安全的起降,確保生命、財產之安全實為一重要之課題。鋪面之抗滑性能是由其粗質紋理(Macrotexture)及細質紋理(Microtexture)所提供,故二者之深度大小決定了鋪面抗滑性能之良窳,本研究以高雄國際機場09/27跑道為對象,藉由連續抗滑檢測儀器(CFME, Continuous Friction Measuring Equipment)Surface Friction Tester T-10及油脂塗佈法,檢測跑道鋪面之抗滑值及粗質紋理深度,進而探討跑道鋪面胎屑沈積之範圍、胎屑沈積之方向性、抗滑值隨航機起降架次及胎屑沈積之變化情形等,並且進行化學藥劑清洗法以及高速衝擊法清除跑道胎屑之有效性統計檢定分析。
由研究結果可獲知跑道胎屑沈積為降低高雄國際機場跑道抗滑值之主要原因之ㄧ且跑道之著陸區為主要胎屑沈積之區域,而胎屑之沈積是具有方向性,其類似於魚鱗狀似的一層、一層地順著起降方向覆蓋在鋪面的上方,本研究亦觀察出高雄國際機場平均每架次航機起降造成09跑道主要胎屑沈積區域之鋪面抗滑值降低約9E-06且在既有航次起降下,抗滑值平均每日下降約0.002。
本研究以油脂塗佈法檢驗出跑道之粗質紋理深度會隨累計時間之增加而下降,並由建立之抗滑值與粗質紋理深度間相互關係獲得R2值高達90%以上之迴歸曲線,另本研究採統計檢定方式得知在高雄國際機場以高速衝擊法清除跑道胎屑較化學藥劑法有效,而其合適之胎屑清除頻率為2.5個月。
英文摘要 Facing global competitions in Taiwan, it is requirement for passenger and cargo aircraft to be fast and on schedule, therefore the demand of air transportation is growing with each passing day. At present there are numerous aircrafts taking off and landing on runway within 18 civil airports nationwide in Taiwan. How to ensure the surface friction always sustains at the top condition, and provides aircrafts landing and taking off safely on runway which can assure safety of life and fortune are the major task for airport maintenance department. Offering the skid resistance of runway pavement, depths of macrotexture and microtexture decide good or bad performance of which .The study took the 09/27 Runway of Kaohsiung International Airport for example, using self-owned continuous friction measuring equipment (CFME)----Surface Friction Tester T-10 to inspect the friction of pavement of runway, with which to inquire into the scope and orientation tendency of rubber deposit of runway surface, and the change situation of friction value following by sortie of take-off and touchdown of aircraft and rubber deposit. Then carried on examining the change situation of friction value before and after clearing away the rubbers, following applying chemical agents and adopting high velocity impact removal.
Rubber deposits is the major factor to decrease friction of Kaohsiung international airport runway obtained by research result, and the touchdown area of runway is the major rubber deposits zone. However rubber deposits appear characteristic of different direction, which is similar to be fish scale shape flake by flake following aircraft taking off and landing direction and covering the top pavement. It is also observed by the study that an average of each aircraft landing and taking off causes decreasing 9E-06 of pavement friction on the major rubber deposits zone of 09 runway, besides friction averagely reduced about 0.002 under the number of usual flights landing and taking-off.
Taking the grease smear method, the study whereby surveyed that the depth of macrotexture reduces as time goes by, and to obtain more than 90% regression curve through establishing mutual relationship between friction and depths of macrotexture. On the other hand the study with statistical testing proves that adopting high velocity impact removal is more effective than applying chemical agents, which the adequate removal frequency is 2.5 months.
論文目次 誌 謝 Ⅰ
摘 要 Ⅱ-Ⅳ
目 錄 Ⅴ-Ⅶ
圖目錄 Ⅷ-ⅩⅡ
表目錄 ⅩⅢ
第一章 諸論
1.1 前言 1-1
1.2 研究動機 1-3
1.3 研究目的 1-3
1.4 研究範圍 1-4
第二章 文獻回顧
2.1鋪面的抗滑性能 2-2
2.1.1抗滑的理論 2-2
2.1.2鋪面的抗滑特性 2-4
2.1.3影響抗滑的因素 2-8
2.2跑道之抗滑性能檢測 2-15
2.2.1現場抗滑檢測儀 2-15
2.2.2試驗室抗滑檢測儀 2-20
2.2.3抗滑値檢測標準 2-22
2.2.4抗滑値檢測之位置及頻率 2-24
2.3道面紋理檢測 2-29
2.4胎屑清除方式 2-30
2.4.1化學藥劑法 2-30
2.4.2高壓水柱法 2-31
2.4.3化學溶劑與高壓水柱 2-33
2.4.4高速衝擊移除 2-33
2.4.5熱壓縮空氣 2-33
第三章 研究方法與設備
3.1研究流程 3-1
3.2研究位置 3-3
3.3抗滑值檢測 3-5
3.3.1使用之抗滑檢測設備 3-5
3.3.2抗滑值檢測速度 3-9
3.3.3抗滑值檢測位置及方向 3-9
3.3.4抗滑值檢測紀錄 3-11
3.4油脂塗佈法 3-13
3.4.1使用之檢驗設備 3-13
3.4.2檢驗步驟 3-13
3.4.3檢測位置 3-16
3.5胎屑清除方法 3-18
3.5.1化學藥劑法 3-18
3.5.2高速衝擊移除法 3-21
第四章 試驗結果與討論
4.1 跑道鋪面胎屑沉積現況 4-1
4.1.1胎屑沉積之長度 4-1
4.1.2胎屑沉積之寬度 4-6
4.2抗滑值與胎屑沉積關係分析 4-9
4.2.1抗滑值檢測紀錄分析 4-9
4.2.2抗滑值之方向性探討 4-17
4.2.3抗滑值與航機起降之關係 4-23
4.3高速衝擊法清除胎屑前後之抗滑值變化 4-26
4.3.1胎屑清除時間 4-26
4.3.2抗滑値檢測儀器及頻率 4-26
4.3.3抗滑値檢測結果 4-26
4.3.4胎屑清除之有效性探討 4-31
4.3.5胎屑清除頻率探討 4-33
4.4化學藥劑法清除胎屑前後之抗滑值變化 4-35
4.4.1胎屑清除時間 4-35
4.4.2抗滑値檢測儀器及頻率 4-35
4.4.3抗滑値檢測結果 4-35
4.4.4胎屑清除之有效性探討 4-35
4.5油脂塗佈法檢測胎屑清除後之粗質紋理變化 4-38
4.5.1檢測時間 4-38
4.5.2檢測頻率 4-38
4.5.3粗質紋理深度檢測結果 4-38
4.5.4油脂塗佈法與抗滑檢測儀之檢測結果比較 4-44
第五章 結論與建議
5.1 結論 5-1
5.2 建議 5-2
參考文獻 R-1
附錄
附錄一 高雄國際機場跑道版塊編號圖 A1-1
附錄二 09跑道鋪面胎屑沈積變化情形相片 A2-1
附錄三 09跑道主要胎屑沉積區胎屑清除前後抗滑值變化 A3-1
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黃威穎 (2000). 鋪面抗滑檢測技術應用及機場監測評析系統建立之研究,國立台灣大學土木工程學研究所碩士論文,台北。

蘇功耀 (2007). 分析機場胎屑之微觀特性-以高雄國際機場為例,國立成功大學土木工程研究所碩士論文,台南。

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