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系統識別號 U0026-0812200911544283
論文名稱(中文) 組織寬裕對企業研發持續性的影響:公司治理制度差異與環境動態性的調和效果
論文名稱(英文) The Influence of Organizational Slack on Firm’s R&D Persistence: Institutional Differences of Corporate Governance and Moderating Effects of Environmental Dynamism
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 企業管理學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Business Administration
學年度 94
學期 2
出版年 95
研究生(中文) 林俊昇
研究生(英文) Chun-Sheng Lin
學號 r4693110
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 59頁
口試委員 口試委員-張紹基
口試委員-陳忠仁
口試委員-葉桂珍
指導教授-吳學良
中文關鍵字 環境動態性  公司治理  組織寬裕  研發持續性 
英文關鍵字 Environmental dynamism  Corporate governance  Organizational slack  R&D persistence 
學科別分類
中文摘要 研發在許多公司扮演重要的功能角色,但是持續且成功的創新並不容易,過去的研究顯示持續性的研發是有益於企業創新的,因此本研究的主要目的在瞭解:(1)組織寬裕與研發持續性的關係;(2)公司治理制度差異的影響;(3)環境動態性的情境模式對組織寬裕與研發持續性的調和效果;(4)組織寬裕、環境動態性及公司治理制度的結構模式效果。本研究從1999-2003年英國政府機構所發表的R&D Scoreboard挑選積極從事研發的公司做為樣本,最後的樣本數為402家。
研究結果顯示:高彈性的寬裕資源與研發持續性呈現倒U形關係,隨著寬裕程度的增加,研發持續性會先增後減;當公司處在銀行基礎的公司治理制度(如日本、德國)時,整體研發持續性高於市場基礎(如美國、英國)的公司;環境動態性對組織寬裕資源與研發持續性有正向調節效果,在動態性較高的環境裡,擁有愈高的組織寬裕則研發持續性愈高;市場基礎的公司在動態性較高的環境裡,組織寬裕愈高研發持續性愈高的關係較銀行基礎的公司顯著。



英文摘要 Research and development (R&D) has assumed a key functional role in many firms but there is no easy way to achieve sustained innovation success. Previous research has shown that persistence is beneficial. Thus, the primary goal of this study is to investigate the relationship between organizational slack and firm’s R&D persistence. Institutional differences of corporate governance will also be examined. Besides, we compare the predictive power of (1) contingency models which explore how a firm’s environmental dynamism moderates the relationship between organizational slack and firm’s R&D persistence. (2) Configuration models which assess the combined effects of slack, environment, and institution on firm’s R&D persistence. This study use R&D-active firms adopted from the 1999-2003 R&D Scoreboard published annually by the British government (Ministry of Trades and Industries). Final samples are 402.
The result of this study shows that there is a U-shape relationship between high-discretion slack and firm’s R&D persistence. Firms in the bank-based system (such as Japan or Germany) are more likely to have higher R&D persistence than those in the market-based system (such as the United States or United Kingdom). Environmental dynamism will positively moderate the impact of organizational slack on R&D persistence. When subject to a more dynamic environment, firms with higher level of slack will lead to higher R&D persistence. Among firms subject to more dynamic environment, higher level of slack in the market-based system will be associated with higher R&D persistence.



論文目次 Table of Contents
摘要 Ⅰ
Abstract Ⅱ
致謝 Ⅲ
Table of Contents Ⅳ
List of Tables Ⅴ
List of Figures Ⅵ

Chapter 1 Introduction....................................1
1-1. Research Background and Motivations..................1
1-2. Research Objectives..................................6
1-3. The Organization of This Study.......................6

Chapter 2 Literature Review and Hypotheses................8
2-1. Firm’s R&D Persistence..............................8
2-2. Organizational Slack.................................11
2-3. Institutional Differences of Corporate Governance....15
2-4. Moderating Effects of Environmental Dynamism.........21
2-5. Configuration Model..................................23

Chapter 3 Research Design and Methodology.................25
3-1. Sample and Data Collection...........................25
3-2. The Conceptual Framework.............................26
3-3. Measurement..........................................28
3-4. Statistic Method.....................................33

Chapter 4 Analysis and Results............................35
4-1. Descriptive Statistics and Correlation Analysis......35
4-2. Regression Results...................................38

Chapter 5 Conclusions and Suggestions.....................46
5-1. Discussion and Implications..........................46
5-3. Limitations and Suggestions for Future Studies.......49

References................................................51
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