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系統識別號 U0026-0812200911532732
論文名稱(中文) 以模擬機探討飛行員於飛行降落階段之壓力負荷與人格特質之差異研究
論文名稱(英文) The Difference between Pilot’s Stress Workload and Personality Trait during Landing Phase with Flight Simulator
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 工業與資訊管理學系專班
系所名稱(英) Department of Industrial and Information Management (on the job class)
學年度 94
學期 2
出版年 95
研究生(中文) 許炎泉
研究生(英文) Yen-Chuan Hsu
電子信箱 alan8598@so-net.net.tw
學號 r3793119
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 72頁
口試委員 指導教授-李再長
口試委員-呂志維
口試委員-林迪意
中文關鍵字 飛行模擬機  降落  人格特質  心智負荷  壓力 
英文關鍵字 Flight Simulator  Landing  Personality Traits  Mental Workload  Stress 
學科別分類
中文摘要 飛行是異於人類正常移動方式的三度空間運動,必須全程嚴密管控環境的變化與複雜的操控系統,飛行員在一般的飛行過程中已承受相當的心智負荷,當緊急狀況產生時負荷更鉅,如不能適當的面對,則可能導致飛航事故;由國內、外飛航事故統計資料顯示,在飛行的過程中,以降落時為事故發生的主要階段;因此,探討飛行員於降落階段面對各種環境、突發事件等外在因素,所承受的壓力負荷與個人差異,為本研究之主要目的。
本研究將針對空軍服役中的32位自願參與之飛行員,採3因子二水準固定效應模式設計,藉由飛行模擬器模擬飛行場景,心電圖儀器監測實驗全程之心率變化,就飛行能見度、側風及突發事件等外在因素,分別從飛行員的心率變化與個人主觀填答之NASA工作負荷量表等二項指標,以三因子變異數分析,探討飛行降落階段壓力負荷的差異;並以五大人格特質行為量表,歸納飛行員人格特質傾向,以單因子、二因子變異數分析,探討飛行降落階段的壓力負荷及面對突發事件事,在人格特質上的差異。
研究顯示,於部隊中服役的飛行員人格特質,強勢性與盡責性佔有較大的比例,此種人格特質的飛行員在飛行降落操作及遭遇突發事件時,心智負荷無顯著差異。由NASA工作負荷量表評量結果反映出飛行員在此一操作階段時,努力、心智需求、自我表現為重要的評量向度。就不同環境條件的探討,從NASA工作負荷量表及心率變化比的二項指標的檢驗中,顯示出側風與突發事件為造成飛行員於降落階段時心智負荷差異的主要因素。

英文摘要 Flight is the three-dimensional motion which differs from human normal movement. It must monitor the environment changing and complex flight control system in all the time. The pilot experienced lots of mental workload in the routine flight. Upon emergency situation, the load became more and more. If the pilot could not handle properly, it would cause the flight accident. The domestic and foreign statistic data indicated that landing is the major phase which occurs an accident during the flight. So, the purpose in this study is to research 1) the pilot encounter factor (various environments, sudden event etc.) during landing phase, 2) the pilot bear the stress load and 3) personal difference.
This study focused thirty two male pilots volunteered on the Air Force in-service. First, adopt 3 factor fixed effects model design, the environmental factors including visibility, crosswind and unexpected events by means of the simulator to duplicate flight situation. Electrocardiogram was recorded continuously during the experiment. And, using both physiological and multidimensional subjective-ratings measurements (heart rate and NASA Task Load Index, respectively), it explored the difference about the stress load during landing phase with three-way analysis of variance model. Second, it concluded the pilots’ personality traits trend according to Big-Five personality trait model and analyzed the stress load and personality traits difference during landing phase with one-way and two-way analysis of variance model.
This result presented that Surgency and Conscientiousness are the high ratio in the service pilot personality traits. When encountering the sudden event and landing the operation, the pilots have the Surgency and Conscientiousness traits were no significance on mental workload. Effort, mental demand, and performance are valuably the important results in the NASA Task Load Index assessment. It performed the landing operation using Instrument Landing System during the landing phase, and crosswind and sudden event would be the main effect which caused the pilot mental workload difference in NASA Task Load Index and heart rate.

論文目次 中文摘要......................................................................I
英文摘要.....................................................................II
誌  謝.......................................................................III
目  錄......................................................................IV
表 目 錄.....................................................................VI
圖 目 錄...................................................................VIII
第一章 緒論..............................................................1
 第一節 研究動機..................................................1
 第二節 研究目的..................................................4
 第三節 研究限制..................................................5
 第四節 研究流程..................................................5
第二章 文獻回顧......................................................7
 第一節 壓力的概念..............................................7
 第二節 心智負荷.................................................13
 第三節 飛行壓力.................................................18
 第四節 人格特質.................................................20
第三章 研究方法.....................................................26
 第一節 研究架構與假設.....................................26
 第二節 受測者.....................................................28
 第三節 實驗設計.................................................29
 第四節 實驗設備.................................................33
 第五節 實驗程序.................................................36
 第六節 資料分析方法.........................................38
第四章 資料分析與結果.........................................40
 第一節 實驗資料.................................................40
 第二節 信度量測.................................................44
 第三節 假設檢驗.................................................45
第五章 結論與建議.................................................61
 第一節 結論.........................................................61
 第二節 建議.........................................................62
參考文獻.....................................................................64
中文部份.....................................................................64
英文部分.....................................................................65
附錄一 人格特質問卷.............................................68
附錄二 NASA-TLX評量表......................................70
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