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系統識別號 U0026-0812200911384018
論文名稱(中文) 應用FPGA於實現電力系統頻率響應特性值估測法之設計
論文名稱(英文) FPGA Implementation of Evaluating Power System's Frequency Response Characteristic
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 電機工程學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Electrical Engineering
學年度 93
學期 2
出版年 94
研究生(中文) 林顧憲
研究生(英文) Ku-Hsien Lin
電子信箱 n2692146@ccmail.ncku.edu.tw
學號 n2692146
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 82頁
口試委員 口試委員-張世恭
指導教授-王瑋民
指導教授-張簡樂仁
指導教授-黃世杰
中文關鍵字 現場可規劃邏輯閘陣列  能源管理系統 
英文關鍵字 Field Programmable Gate Array  Energy Management System 
學科別分類
中文摘要   隨著開放式能源管理系統(EMS)架構被提出,各種提升電力系統EMS效能之相關產品將陸續被開發。在電力系統供需平衡的發電機制中,其電力平衡調節控制的性能是反應在偏頻係數上的設定。而偏頻係數設定的良窳則是與系統的頻率響應特性值(-10β)有關,因此,本論文著眼於估測電力系統頻率響應特性值的雛型晶片設計,利用遞迴最小平方法線上更新頻率響應特性值,再以現場可規劃邏輯閘陣列(Field Programmable Gate Array, FPGA)作為開發平台,最後與系統模擬結果來驗證本論文所完成的雛型設計,測試結果證明此估測平台具有高效率的運算能力及估測性能。
英文摘要   With the open-access of Energy Management Systems (EMS) structure was proposed, various kinds of relevant modules which improve EMS efficiency has been developed. In the control of the real power balance between generation and demand, the control performance and system responses are based on the setting of frequency bias coefficient, whereas the setting of frequency bias coefficient is relative to system frequency response characteristic. Therefore, this thesis aims at developing the prototype chip design of evaluating power system’s frequency response characteristic. While the recursive least-square algorithm estimates the system frequency response characteristic online in real-time, the Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) is implemented to be the estimation platform. Finally, the prototype design is tested by the simulated environment. The results demonstrate high efficiency of evaluation ability and computation performance for the proposed platform.
論文目次 中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
誌謝 III
目錄 IV
表目錄 VII
圖目錄 VIII
符號表 X
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究方法 3
1.3 各章節摘要 3
第二章 負載頻率控制 5
2.1 簡介 5
  2.2 負載頻率控制基本迴路 5
   2.3 負載頻率控制…. 6
2.3.1 同步發電機的運轉方程式. 7
2.3.2 電力負載 9
2.3.3 原動機模型 11
2.3.4 調速機模型 12
2.4 一次控制 15
2.5 二次控制 15
2.6 偏頻係數和頻率響應特性值的關係 16
   2.6.1 多區域系統架構 16
   2.6.2 獨立(單區域)系統架構 22
2.6.3 偏頻係數的設定 23
2.7 能源管理系統簡介 26
2.8 開放式EMS結構 31
第三章 演算法 32
3.1 簡介 32
3.2 最小平方法 32
3.3 遞迴最小平方法 34
3.4 系統-10β值估測法推導 38
第四章 FPGA與相關開發工具介紹 43
4.1 簡介 43
4.2 硬體描述語言 43
4.3 Verilog HDL之特色 44
4.4 現場可規劃邏輯閘陣列 46
4.5 FPGA設計流程 49
4.6 ModelSim模擬軟體 52
4.7 FPGA之Altera Stratix系列晶片 55
第五章 系統規劃與實驗結果 57
5.1 簡介 57
5.2 -10β演算法動作流程圖 57
5.3 系統架構 59
5.4 基本邏輯運算電路 60
5.4.1 數位加/減法電路 60
5.4.2 數位乘法電路 61
5.4.3 數位除法電路 62
5.5 計算模組 62
5.6 計算模組 65
5.7 特性值估測控制器 67
5.8 驗證方法 68
5.9 實驗結果 69
5.10 討論 71
第六章 結論與未來研究方向 73
6.1 結論 73
6.2 未來研究方向 74
參考文獻 75
附錄 79
作者簡介 82
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