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系統識別號 U0026-0812200911371037
論文名稱(中文) 新型推進器馬達之磁路分析與設計
論文名稱(英文) Magnetic Circuit Analysis and Design of Novel Thruster Motors
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 系統及船舶機電工程學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of System and Naval Mechatronic Engineering
學年度 93
學期 2
出版年 94
研究生(中文) 許裕昇
研究生(英文) Yu-Sheng Hsu
學號 p1692123
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 98頁
口試委員 指導教授-謝旻甫
口試委員-蔡明祺
口試委員-陳添智
中文關鍵字 環驅式推進器  水下遙控載具  直流無刷馬達  繞線配置 
英文關鍵字 brushless permanent magnet motor  remotely operated vehicles  ring thruster  winding layout 
學科別分類
中文摘要 摘要
  一般水下遙控載具所使用之推進器馬達,由於運轉速度相當快,因此通常需要搭配減速齒輪。在推進器運轉時,減速齒輪、旋轉軸水密阻力以及螺旋槳等的損失,將使得整體效率降低。所以在本研究中,配合直流無刷馬達設計,提出新型環驅式推進器架構,以直接驅動方式,使得葉片產生有效推力帶動水下載具航行。

  本論文將依螺槳負載需求,規劃推進器馬達之額定條件,以等效磁路作為初步估算馬達尺寸,並配合電磁模擬軟體分析馬達磁路特性與性能。設計過程中,將討論繞線配置影響及利用所推導之氣隙方程式作磁鐵修弧,獲得反電動勢波形為理想弦波。從模擬結果可知,所設計之馬達其性能符合推進器之需求。
英文摘要 Abstract
 The thruster motors used for remotely operated vehicles (ROV) are often coupled with reduction gears for driving the propellers. In such cases, the losses caused by the reduction gears, waterproof resistance and the propellers are significant so that the overall efficiency is poor. Hence, this thesis designs a novel direct-driven thruster, named the “ring thruster” using brushless permanent magnet motors to improve the above-mentioned drawbacks.

 In this thesis, for a known propeller load characteristics, the rated power and specifications of the thruster motor are first determined. The dimensions of the motor components are then designed using equivalent magnetic circuit analysis. Finite element analysis is also applied for performance verification and dimension refinement. In the design process, the influence of the winding layout is investigated, and the air gap that produces ideal sinusoidal back emf waveforms is derived. From the simulation results, the designed thruster motors are found to meet the requirement of the propulsion performance.
論文目次 目錄

中文摘要...................................I
英文摘要..................................II
致謝.....................................III
目錄......................................Ⅳ
表目錄....................................Ⅵ
圖目錄....................................Ⅷ

第一章 緒論...............................1
1.1 前言..................................1
1.2 研究動機與目的........................4
1.3 本文架構..............................5

第二章 永磁無刷馬達計算方程式的推導.......6
2.1 永磁無刷馬達轉子型態..................6
2.2 永磁無刷馬達磁路模型分析..............7

第三章 直流無刷馬達的繞線結構............24
3.1 繞組的基本參數與結構類型.............25
3.2 三相電動機繞組的種類.................29
3.3 三相電動機繞組的排列方式.............32
3.3.1 60度相帶法與代數法排列法...........33
3.3.2 對稱軸線法.........................36
3.3.2 Hanselman提出的Winding Layout......38
3.4 分布係數、節距係數和繞線因數的計算...46

第四章 新型推進器馬達設計................50
4.1 基本條件規劃.........................51
4.1.1 馬達應用需求與型態結構.............51
4.1.2 永磁材料選定.......................54
4.1.3 馬達極數、相數及槽數...............55
4.2 磁路設計.............................57
4.2.1 磁鐵尺寸設計.......................57
4.2.2 等效磁路分析.......................59
4.2.3 定子與轉子細部尺寸.................59
4.3 電氣設計.............................62
4.3.1 繞線方式與繞線因數.................62
4.3.2 電流匝數設計.......................65

第五章 電腦數值模擬......................71
5.1 Maxwell 模組設定.....................72
5.2 模擬結果與分析.......................74
5.3 改變繞線型態分析.....................77
5.4 頓轉扭矩分析.........................78
5.5 綜合分析比較.........................90

第六章 結論與建議........................94

參考文獻..................................95
參考文獻 參考文獻
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