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系統識別號 U0026-0812200911321746
論文名稱(中文) 從產品生命週期階段觀點提出改良的TRIZ為基礎之綠色創新設計方法研究
論文名稱(英文) The Study of Improved TRIZ based Eco-Innovative Design Method from the Perspective of Product's Life Cycle Stages
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 機械工程學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Mechanical Engineering
學年度 93
學期 2
出版年 94
研究生(中文) 劉宜旺
研究生(英文) Henry Lau Andrew
電子信箱 henrylauandrew@yahoo.com
學號 n1692450
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 124頁
口試委員 口試委員-黃金沺
口試委員-施勵行
指導教授-陳家豪
中文關鍵字 環境參數  生命週期階段  新矛盾矩陣表  綠色創新設計  綠色設計  TRIZ方法 
英文關鍵字 Environmental Parameter  New Contradiction Matrix  Life Cycle Stages  Eco-Innovative Design  Green Design  TRIZ Method 
學科別分類
中文摘要 綠色設計是以產品整個生命週期的概念為其中心思想,來減少環境的衝擊,這些衝擊發生在產品生命週期之所有階段;雖然許多參數會影響產品的開發,設計者在產品設計過程中是最有影響力的。所以在新產品早期製造階段,可從設計的角度來改善或減少這些環境的負擔,設計出更有效的產品。

本文以TRIZ為基礎,從產品生命週期階段觀點提出改良之綠色創新設計方法。是於綠色創新設計方面,利用TRIZ新矩陣提出新的設計指引來協助設計者開發低環境衝擊與高創新價值的產品。本文將整理TRIZ舊矛盾矩陣與新矛盾矩陣之間的差別,並利用TRIZ之新矩陣搭配統計方式建立新的創新法則。讓設計者在多組矛盾、矛盾不明確或無矛盾的情形下,快速地搜尋到可行的發明法則。

為了讓設計者能更迅速確立綠色設計方針,也較能適切地反應設計的要求;本文將針對產品生命週期各階段提出相關的環境參數,並建立環境參數與工程參數之間的關聯。藉由探討TRIZ工程參數與環境參數的關聯,並與改良的綠色創新設計方法整合,發展出「改良的TRIZ為基礎之綠色創新設計方法」,當工程師利用綠色設計準則、綠色設計策略或設計經驗,找出產品的主要環境衝擊項目,可以協助工程師快速找到對應的工程參數及產品創新的概念。

最後,為了協助設計者更快速和方便地利用該綠色創新設計方法,發展出-生命週期參數輔助軟體 - Life Cycle Parameter,讓設計過程更趨於自動化。本文建立的簡化創新設計方法,經由案例分析確認,可以有效的協助設計者開發綠色創新產品、執行產品改良及解決一般的工程問題。







英文摘要 Green Design is the integration of environmental considerations into product and process design. It is based on the concept of considering the whole life cycle of the product to minimize environmental impacts. These impacts occur at all stages of a product's life cycle. Although many parameters influence product development, designers have the greatest influence in the product and process design. That is why at the earlier stage of a new product, design can be employed to reduce these environmental impacts by creating more efficient manufacturing operations.

The purpose of the thesis is to develop a methodology to support designers to create a greener product for the environment besides solving general product problems. This method is based on TRIZ, which from the perspective of product's life cycle stages try to presents a new design guideline for Eco-Innovative design. This design guideline is conducive for designers to develop lower environmental impact and higher innovative products.

Firstly, this thesis will arrange the differences between TRIZ classical contradiction matrix and new contradiction matrix, and then using TRIZ new matrix and statistical technique to develop new recommended inventive principles. The goal is to help designers to solve problems when there are too many contradictions, no contradiction exist and when the contradiction of the problem is unclear.

In order to enable designer to establish a green design guiding principle more rapidly and to relatively reflect the request for the design priority, this study will put forward the relevant environmental parameters from every stage of product's life cycle. The link between environment parameters and engineering parameters is established in this study, and the development of product Eco-Innovative design method is constructed through integrating the improved TRIZ methods.

Finally, in order to support designers immediately and conveniently using this Eco-Innovative design method, the CAD software - Life Cycle Parameter is developed. The purpose of this software is to assist automation for designers in using this method. This method has been affirmed by case studies, and it certainly can assist designers having a reference concept in designing Eco-Innovative products that reflect to the environment.







論文目次 Abstract............................................................................................... i
Abstract in Chinese............................................................................. ii
Acknowledgement.............................................................................. iii
Contents.............................................................................................. v
Table Contents ....................................................................................vii
Figure Contents .................................................................................. ix

Chapter 1 Introduction.........................................................................1
1.1 An Introduction .............................................................................1
1.2 Environmental Concerns................................................................2
1.3 Recent Researches..........................................................................4
1.4 Research Purposes..........................................................................6
1.5 Structure of the Thesis ...................................................................7

Chapter 2 TRIZ Methodology .............................................................9
2.1 Brief Introduction............................................................................9
2.2 Case Study 1 - Portable Circular Printer..........................................14
2.3 Case Study 2 - Compact Fluorescent Lighting ...............................15
2.4 New TRIZ Contradiction Matrix ....................................................17
2.5 Comparison of Classical and New Contradiction Matrix................21
2.6 Selecting Inventive Principles without Contradiction
Information from New Matrix ...........................33

Chapter 3 Eco-Innovative Design .........................................................43
3.1 Life Cycle Stages..............................................................................43
3.2 Environmental Parameters................................................................44
3.3 TRIZ based Eco-Innovative Design .................................................46
3.4 Efficiency of TRIZ based Eco-Innovative Design............................56
3.5 Auxiliary Software - Life Cycle Parameter ......................................58

Chapter 4 Examples in Computer Devices .............................................67
4.1 Examples 1 - Rear Assembly for a Display Device ..........................67
4.2 Examples 2 - Computer Cabinet Latching Mechanism.....................69
4.3 Examples 3 - Disk Driver Holder Opening and Cover Plate..............72
4.4 Examples 4 - Screwless Computer Drive Assembly ..........................75
4.5 Examples 5 - Disk Drive Bracket .......................................................78
4.6 Examples 6 - Case Mounting Device...................................................80

Chapter 5 Conclusions ...............................................................................83
5.1 Conclusions and Discussions................................................................83
5.2 Suggestions for Further Researches......................................................85

References ..................................................................................................87

Appendix 1 - TRIZ 48 Engineering Parameters..........................................93
Appendix 2 - TRIZ 40 Inventive Principles...................................................97
Appendix 3 - TRIZ Classical Contradiction Matrix ......................................101
Appendix 4 - TRIZ New Contradiction Matrix .............................................107
Appendix 5 - Screwless Computer Devices Patents Abstract ........................111

Vita .................................................................................................................121
Vita in Chinese................................................................................................122

Publications.....................................................................................................123
Publications in Chinese ..................................................................................124
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