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系統識別號 U0026-0812200911172745
論文名稱(中文) 辦公空間室內空氣品質管制策略之研究
論文名稱(英文) A Study on the Management Strategy of Indoor Air Quality in Taiwan Office Buildings
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 建築學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Architecture
學年度 92
學期 2
出版年 93
研究生(中文) 李彥頤
研究生(英文) Yen-Yi Li
電子信箱 hama@ms19.url.com.tw
學號 n7887106
學位類別 博士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 188頁
口試委員 召集委員-蘇慧貞
指導教授-江哲銘
口試委員-林慶元
口試委員-賴榮平
口試委員-賴光邦
口試委員-楊冠雄
中文關鍵字 管制策略  辦公建築  指標污染物  揮發性有機污染物  控制評估模式 
英文關鍵字 HCHO and TVOC  Office Buildings  S.O.P.  Indicated Pollutants  Control Strategy  IAQ 
學科別分類
中文摘要   近十年來室內空氣品質問題愈趨嚴重,面對「永續發展」的國家政策下,良好的居住健康環境為不可或缺的環節。本研究冀求對應辦公空間室內空氣品質管理,積極釐清「污染物濃度控制」及「有效通風換氣控制」間的平衡點。共針對台灣十七棟具中央空調系統之辦公大樓,採用環保署擬定之標準檢測法進行室內外空氣環境現況檢測,並以物理性與化學性因子為主要對象,同步配合室內裝修材料調查、人員統計以及空調系統運轉管理三部分,進行室內空氣品質現況模式探討。結果利用質量平衡理論公式推導及統計迴歸,建立環境濃度對應之不同控制模式,以既有辦公空間改善為操作目標,推論對應不同建築生命週期之『室內空氣品質管制決策流程』,建立整合「預測建議」與「診斷評估」之『室內空氣品質管制推動策略』,其結果可有效提供專業者、設計者與使用者於建築室內空氣品質管理階段之參考。本研究主要可歸納以下結論:
 1 室內空氣品質影響因子,可從污染物因子及環境影響因子兩方面進行分析,結果顯示以二氧化碳為一般指標污染物,代表「人」活動影響;以甲醛及總揮發性有機污染物為有機指標污染物,代表「建材」影響特質;環境影響因子主要為空調設備「通風換氣」及使用維護清潔。三者間互相關連影響需整合考量。
 2 根據43 個辦公空間檢測結果,甲醛為台灣辦公空間健康危害影響最大之污染物質,其室內濃度除3 案例外皆高於0.08ppm 建議值;另室內二氧化碳濃度亦於下午工作時段超過800ppm,以及揮發性有機污染物濃度偏高現況。其餘特殊化學污染物,除特殊使用空間外,濃度皆在正常範圍。
 3 確認室內污染物評估因子可以一般指標污染物二氧化碳、揮發性有機污染物甲醛與TVOC 進行重點評估;本研究先採行質量模型理論推導,假設「人」、「建材」及「通風」三項變因之不同控制評估模式模型,應用統計迴歸分析得出經驗迴歸式,並透過現況比對確立對應一般指標污染物及揮發性污染物之控制評估模式。
 4 本研究整合「診斷評估」與「預測改善」,診斷評估部分以三階段檢測操作流程進行日常評估,預測改善部分則整合電腦數值運算CFD 及建立之污染物控制評估模式進行,對既有辦公空間室內空氣品質管理提供標準工具與建築設計者可應用之評估程序。
 5 本研究建立「室內空氣品質管制決策流程」,以辦公空間為主要管制目標,對應不同建築生命週期之室內空氣品質管理,透過基準設定與評估程序,決定進行改善對應方針與改善目標,有效達成室內空氣品質管制目標。
英文摘要   The Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) issues were coming serious in decades. Concerning the National Policy on Sustainable Development, good and healthy living environment is a key issue that must be emphasized. This study focused on the management strategy of IAQ in office buildings and clarified the matchpoint of the pollutants control and the ventilation control. 17 office buildings, including 43 compartments with HVAC systems, were conducted to be the significant samples of the standard operating procedure of environmental sampling madfe by Taiwan EPA. The factors included physical conditions, chemical pollutants and building characteristics for indoor materials, workers’ density, and HVAC operating. Different target control modulars were conducted to correspond life-cycle accessment procedure for office space diagnosis by the mass balance model revalidation and stastistic regression method approaching. The final control strategy of IAQ were combined with both ‘environmental diagnosis’ and ‘predicting simulation’ for remodel design and ordinary management. The major conclusions were as follows:
 1. The factor analysis of indoor pollutants and environment characteristics showed the indicated pollutants of human activities is Carbon Dioxide (CO2), and of material emission influences are Formaldehyde (HCHO) and Total Voltile Organic Compounds (TVOC). The integrated factors are thermal environment and ventilation control of the HVAC system.
 2. According to the results of field studies, the most serious pollutant influencing human health is HCHO. the concentration were all above 0.08 ppm for WHO suggestion level excepted three cases. CO2 and TVOC were also potential factors for the higher concentration in some cases.
 3. The control and evaluation modulars were conducted through/with regression model. The concerning factors were people corresponding to CO2 control, materials to HCHO and TVOC control and ventilation system to dilution and removal control.
 4. The study proposed an integrated procedure with diagnosis evaluation and predict simulation for design. Three stages of diagnosis procedure was proposed to the ordinady management and predicting simulation combined CFD and regression model to calculate the pollutant level after space improvement. This integrated procedure can be a powerful management tool for both managers and designers.
 5. The “IAQ Strategic Decision Process” was established to be adopted in different life-cycle phases. This process included both “pollutants prerequisite procedure” and “ventilation prerequisite procedure”, which was determined by designers or building managers. The efficient IAQ management strategy was conducted with the setup of target level and integrated procedure.
論文目次 中英文摘要......................................i
誌謝...........................................iii
表圖目錄.......................................vii
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第一章緒論...................................... 1
1-1 研究動機與目的............................ 1
1-2 文獻回顧.................................. 6
1-2-1 室內建材與IAQ部分......................8
1-2-2 通風換氣與IAQ部分......................9
1-2-3 國內相關IAQ研究部分...................10
1-3 研究架構................................. 12
1-3-1 研究範圍..............................14
1-3-2 研究流程..............................16

第二章台灣地區辦公空間空氣品質影響因子特徵..... 17
2-1 相關文獻與檢測資料彙整分析............... 17
2-1-1 影響室內空氣品質變因分類分析..........17
2-1-2 台灣辦公空間室內空氣品質現況彙整......21
2-2 影響室內空氣品質之環境評價因子........... 22
2-2-1 物理性因子............................23
2-2-2 化學性因子............................25
2-2-3 生物性因子............................31
2-3 影響室內空氣品質之環境來源因子........... 33
2-3-1 外在環境條件與建築特質................33
2-3-2 室內人員與設備........................37
2-3-3 室內裝修與建材........................39
2-3-4 建築通風換氣系統......................41
2-3-5 清潔維護與更新........................42
2-4 小結..................................... 43

第三章室內空氣品質標準檢測模式建立與實測........45
3-1 室內空氣品質標準檢測模式建立設定..........45
3-1-1 採樣策略規劃適用之環境範圍建議........47
3-1-2 室內空氣品質監測之目的................48
3-1-3 空氣品質初步調查及監測所需基本資料收集49
3-1-4 室內空氣品質監測之採樣策略規劃設定....52
3-2 室內空氣品質標準檢測流程..................60
3-2-1 建築空間前置檢查步驟與程序............60
3-2-2 污染物來源標定步驟與程序..............62
3-2-3 標準儀器檢測步驟與程序................65
3-3 台灣辦公空間室內空氣品質檢測結果彙析......70
3-3-1 建築物特性影響分析....................75
3-3-2 一般性污染物影響分析..................76
3-3-3 揮發性有機污染物影響分析..............80
3-3-4 通風換氣系統影響分析..................88
3-4 小結......................................93

第四章室內空氣品質影響變因評估控制模式..........95
4-1 一般性室內污染物控制評估模式..............96
4-1-1 室內一般性指標污染物定義..............96
4-1-2 二氧化碳濃度基準設定.................100
4-1-3 二氧化碳控制評估模式.................102
4-2 揮發性有機污染物控制評估模式............ 112
4-2-1 室內揮發性有機指標污染物定義.........112
4-2-2 揮發性有機指標污染物濃度基準設定.....113
4-2-3 揮發性有機指標污染物來源篩選.........117
4-2-4 揮發性有機指標污染物控制評估模式.....126
4-3 有效通風換氣控制評估模式.................144
4-3-1 有效通風換氣評估定義.................144
4-3-2 有效通風換氣基準設定.................147
4-3-3 通風換氣關連控制評估模式.............151

第五章辦公空間室內空氣品質管制策略擬議........ 157
5-1 室內空氣品質基準設定程序................ 157
5-2 室內空氣品質管制決策流程................ 160
5-2-1 污染物來源控制決策流程...............160
5-2-2 有效通風換氣控制決策流程.............164
5-3 辦公空間室內空氣品質診斷與預測標準程序.. 167
5-3-1 辦公空間室內空氣品質預測標準程序.....167
5-3-2 辦公空間室內空氣品質診斷標準程序.....171

第六章結論與建議.............................. 175
6-1 研究結論................................ 175
6-2 後續研究建議............................ 180

參考文獻...................................... 181
附錄.......................................... 189
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