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系統識別號 U0026-0812200911162907
論文名稱(中文) 運動對海馬迴中BDNF基因表現之影響
論文名稱(英文) Effects of Exercise on the Expression of Hippocampal Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor inRats
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 生理學研究所
系所名稱(英) Department of Physiology
學年度 92
學期 2
出版年 93
研究生(中文) 陳鏏仹
研究生(英文) Hui-Feng Chen
學號 s3691405
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 63頁
口試委員 指導教授-陳洵瑛
召集委員-黃阿敏
口試委員-郭余民
中文關鍵字 運動  海馬迴  BDNF基因表現 
英文關鍵字 exercise  hippocampus  BDNF expression 
學科別分類
中文摘要   運動有助於維持大腦的功能;例如延緩神經退化性疾病所導致的認知功能喪失,增強學習與記憶以及促進神經新生(neurogenesis),但是其間所透過的分子機轉,目前仍待進一步的釐清。過去的研究指出,大白鼠在經過自發性滾輪運動後,海馬迴中大腦衍生神經營養因子(BDNF)表現量顯著增加,且與運動量呈現正相關。BDNF在突觸可塑性(synaptic plasticity)中扮演一重要角色,並參與學習和記憶的形成過程。然而,自發性滾輪運動無法排除BDNF基因表現量的差異是否因先天上喜愛運動程度不同而異,且無法判別運動對於BDNF基因表現的影響是否為急性的效應,以及不同運動強度對BDNF基因表現的影響。為解決這些問題,我們使用另一種可以控制運動強度及時間的運動模式—跑步機運動。給予大白鼠不同的運動方式—四週中度運動訓練、急性中度運動或是急性劇烈運動,並在運動後觀察BDNF基因表現的情形。此外,也利用水迷宮(watermaze)來測量四週中度運動訓練後,老鼠的空間學習能力。結果顯示,(1)經過四週中度運動訓練後的老鼠在水迷宮有較佳的表現;(2)在最後一次運動後的二小時,BDNF mRNA與蛋白質表現量顯著的增加。而在運動訓練後二天,BDNF表現量則與控制組相同;(3)單一次與連續三次(一天一次)的急性中度運動後二小時,BDNF蛋白質的表現顯著增加,但並未改變mRNA的表現;(4)急性劇烈運動後二小時,BDNF mRNA與蛋白質表現均顯著增加。因此我們推論,運動對於BDNF表現的影響是屬於急性效應,且與運動的強度和期間有關。總而言之,四週運動訓練可以促進空間學習,可能透過不斷地刺激BDNF表現量增加,活化其下游訊息傳遞路徑,而促使學習與記憶能力的增強。

英文摘要   Exercise has beneficial effects on brain function, such as lowing risks of cognitive impairment, improving learning/memory capability, and promoting neurogenesis. However, its mechanisms need to be clarified. Previous studies demonstrated that voluntary wheel-running exercise increased levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression in rat hippocampus. BDNF plays an important role in neuronal plasticity and is necessary for learning/memory formation. However, voluntary wheel-running exercise can not rule out the confounding effects of exercise on the BDNF expression, such as the genetic difference between good runners and poor runners, acute or chronic effects of exercise, or different intensity of exercise. We, therefore, performed this study to verify the underlying mechanisms of exercise effects on the brain function by a well-controlled experimental design. Treadmill exercise was used, because intensity and duration of this type of exercise could be controlled. Rats received different exercise protocols, i.e., 4 weeks of moderate exercise training, acute moderate exercise or acute severe exercise. BDNF expression was determined. In addition, the ability of spatial learning after 4 weeks of exercise training was evaluated by the watermaze test. Our results showed that (1) 4 weeks of exercise training reduced the escape latency in the watermaze test, indicating a better spatial learning performance; (2) BDNF mRNA and protein expression was increased 2 hours after the last run of chronic exercise. However, the expression of BDNF was unaltered if the expression was determined 2 days after training; (3) BDNF protein expression was increased 2 hours after a single bout and the last run of three repetitive of moderate, but the mRNA levels were not altered; (4) 2 hours after acute severe exercise significant increased BDNF mRNA and protein expression. These results indicate that the exercise-increased BDNF expression is an acute effect, and is intensity- and duration-dependent. In conclusion, 4 weeks of exercise training improves spatial learning, possibly via stimulating BDNF expression repetitively to activate its downstream signal transduction pathway.

論文目次 表、圖目錄 ------------------------------------- Ⅱ
附圖目錄 --------------------------------------- Ⅲ
中文摘要 --------------------------------------- 1
英文摘要 --------------------------------------- 2
導論 ------------------------------------------- 4
實驗材料與方法 --------------------------------- 10
實驗結果 --------------------------------------- 25
討論 ------------------------------------------- 29
結論 ------------------------------------------- 34
表 --------------------------------------------- 35
圖 --------------------------------------------- 36
附圖 ------------------------------------------- 48
參考文獻 --------------------------------------- 60
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