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系統識別號 U0026-0812200910440310
論文名稱(中文) 台灣上市上櫃公司赴大陸投資區位之研究 —以電子產業為例
論文名稱(英文) The Study of Taiwanese TSE & OTC Companies Investment Location in Mainland China - Case Study of the Electronics Industry
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 都市計劃學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Urban Planning
學年度 91
學期 2
出版年 92
研究生(中文) 王千岳
研究生(英文) Chian-Yue Wang
電子信箱 hsw888@ms14.hinet.net
學號 p2690402
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 78頁
口試委員 口試委員-何東波
口試委員-陳麗瑛
指導教授-姜渝生
口試委員-張淳智
中文關鍵字 規模變數  多項羅吉特模式  分群方案  區位選擇  聚集經濟 
英文關鍵字 Size Variable  Locational Choice  Agglomeration Economies  Aggregate Alternatives  Multinomial Logit Model 
學科別分類
中文摘要 近年來國內廠商對中國大陸的投資案件比例日益增加,其地區之分布異常集中,主要集中於長江三角洲、珠江三角洲、環渤海灣三大地區,其他地區比例上相對偏低。本研究企圖以McFadden之多項羅吉特模式實證分析台灣上市上櫃公司在大陸投資電子產業之設廠區位選擇因素,及其主要投資區位是否具有聚集經濟現象。過去以羅吉特模型探討區位選擇問題時對區位方案之處理有未盡妥適的地方,將導致參數校估的偏誤。本研究針對此將定義適當的規模變數(size variable) 以反映分群方案(aggregate alternatives)規模大小的問題而予以解決。此外,針對方案數太多的問題,將同時採用隨機抽樣的方法來處理。

實證分析係使用民國九十年赴中國大陸投資電子產業之上市上櫃公司資料,方案的選定則為該年度實際有投資案件的省(市)級行政區,包含北京、天津、上海、江蘇、浙江、福建、湖北、廣東、重慶等九個區位選擇方案,實證結果顯示,影響台灣上市上櫃公司赴大陸投資電子產業之設廠區位因素為工資水準、在地市場及聚集經濟。
英文摘要 Recently, there is an increasing proportion of Taiwanese corporations that invest in Mainland China. These corporations are mainly concentrated in three areas, including Chang jiang delta、Zhu jiang delta、and areas surrounding the Bohai Sea bay. Other areas in China have encountered a comparative less amount of investment. This research attempts to use Multinomial logit model (McFadden) to find out the electronic industrial locational choice factors of TSE and OTC companies investing in Mainland China, and check if the main locational determinant factor is Agglomeration Economies. Logit models have often been used to describe locational choice problems in past studies, however the locational alternatives have not been appropriately defined and modeled, this would result in biased estimates. Therefore, in this paper we will identify a proper size variable in the utility function to reflect the problem of the size of aggregate alternatives. Moreover, we will adopt random sampling to deal with problem of too many alternatives.

The empirical analysis was done using the data from 2001 TSE and OTC companies who set electronic factories in Mainland China. We set provinces that were actual invested by TSE and OTC companies in 2001 as alternatives, including Beijing City、Tianjin City、Shanghai City、 Jiangsu Province、Zhejiang Province、Fujian Province、Hubei Province、Guangdong Province、Chongqing City. Estimation results include wage、local market and agglomeration economies affecting location of investment by TSE and OTC companies.
論文目次 第一章 緒論1-1
第一節 研究動機及目的1-1
第二節 研究內容及範圍1-5
第三節 研究方法1-7
第四節 研究流程1-8

第二章 文獻回顧2-1
第一節 直接投資行為理論2-1
第二節 聚集經濟與相關研究2-5
第三節 投資區位選擇模式之文獻回顧2-7
第四節 替選方案過多之處理方式2-12

第三章 台灣廠商赴大陸投資電子製造業現況分析3-1
第一節 中國大陸投資環境分析3-1
第二節 台商赴大陸投資概況3-11
第三節 中國大陸電子製造業台商投資情形分析3-14
第四節 產業聚集現象之探討-IC產業3-20

第四章 實證研究4-1
第一節 計量模型4-1
第二節 變數定義及模型架構4-6
第三節 實證結果與分析4-13

第五章 結論與建議5-1
第一節 結論5-1
第二節 檢討及後續研究5-2
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