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系統識別號 U0026-0812200910350099
論文名稱(中文) TRIZ方法改良與綠色創新設計方法之研究
論文名稱(英文) A Study of TRIZ Method Improvements and Eco-Innovative Design Methods
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 機械工程學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Mechanical Engineering
學年度 91
學期 1
出版年 92
研究生(中文) 劉志成
研究生(英文) Chih-Chen Liu
電子信箱 t120@cc.fec.edu.tw
學號 n1888109
學位類別 博士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 130頁
口試委員 口試委員-劉正良
口試委員-曾錦煥
口試委員-陳定宇
口試委員-邱顯堂
召集委員-黃金沺
指導教授-陳家豪
中文關鍵字 TRIZ方法  環境效率  品質機能展開  40創新法則  綠色創新  矛盾表  綠色設計  創新設計 
英文關鍵字 Innovation Design  QFD  TRIZ  Eco-innovation  40 Inventive Principles  Contradiction Table  Green Design  Eco-efficiency 
學科別分類
中文摘要   本文提出改良的TRIZ方法與綠色創新設計方法,以協助設計師開發綠色創新產品、執行產品改良及解決一般的工程問題。首先,藉由TRIZ矛盾表使用的改良,建立「積極或消極解決問題方法」與「單一工程特性對應的創新法則方法」,可以協助工程師,在缺乏系統的矛盾訊息下,找出合適的創新法則來解決問題,同時建構「單一與多重特性對應的創新法則次數查詢資料庫」,可以解決須同時改善系統多個工程特性的問題。

  藉由探討環境效率要素與39工程參數的關聯,並與改良的TRIZ方法整合,發展出「TRIZ創新法則應用於綠色創新設計的方法」,當工程師利用生命週期評估方法、綠色設計準則、綠色設計策略或設計經驗,找出產品的主要環境衝擊項目,可以協助工程師快速找到對應的工程參數及產品創新的概念。

  為避免開發出環境性能傑出但不受歡迎的綠色產品,導入QFD方法,探討「客戶需求、品質特性、零件機能及環境效率要素」與39工程參數的關係,並建立「結合QFD元素、環境效率要素與TRIZ創新法則於綠色創新設計之方法」,協助設計師找到合適的創新概念,以開發具市場價值的綠色產品。

  最後,建立「適用於綠色設計的創新法則」方法,協助設計師經由綠色設計守則,快速找到產品創新的概念,並發展出「綠色創新產品之簡化評估方法」,作為新產品的評估工具,以評估新產品是否值得開發。本文建立的各項簡化創新設計方法,經由案例分析確認,可以有效的協助設計師開發綠色創新產品、執行產品改良及解決一般的工程問題。
英文摘要   This dissertation proposes improving TRIZ methods and developing eco-innovative design methods of products based on the TRIZ method. The proposed methods integrating the TRIZ inventive principles can assist designers to develop eco-innovative products, improve the value of products and solve the general engineering problems.

  Firstly, this study constructs two methods, the positive or negative method and the method for the corresponding inventive principles of single parameter, to help engineers to solve the problems when they lack the required contradiction analysis, and simultaneously establish the access table for times of corresponding inventive principles of single or multi features to improve the product.

  The relationship between eco-efficiency elements and the 39 engineering parameters is built in this study. The development of product green innovation design method is constructed through integrating the improving TRIZ methods.

  Furthermore, this study develops the eco-innovative design method by integrating QFD, eco-efficiency elements and TRIZ. This new method can help designers to develop novel, useful, popular, and environment-friendly products or processes.

  Finally, the study builds up the inventive principles for green design and the method of simplified assessment for eco-innovation products. The former one can assist designers to get innovative concepts easily and develop eco-products through the guidelines of green design. The latter one can help designers to evaluate the progress ratio of the developing eco-innovation products by considering the environmental impact, cost and performance for the products in their life cycle. These proposed methods have been affirmed by case studies, and they certainly can assist designers to develop eco-innovation products.
論文目次 中文摘要…………………………………………………………………………i
英文摘要…………………………………………………………………………iii
誌謝………………………………………………………………………………v
目錄………………………………………………………………………………vi
表目錄……………………………………………………………………………xi
圖目錄……………………………………………………………………………xiii
符號說明…………………………………………………………………………xv

第一章 緒論………………………………………………………………………1
 1-1 前言…………………………………………………………………………1
 1-2 研究目的……………………………………………………………………2
 1-3 文獻回顧……………………………………………………………………3
 1-4 研究方法……………………………………………………………………7
 1-5 本文架構……………………………………………………………………9

第二章 缺乏矛盾訊息之積極或消極解決問題的TRIZ創新設計方法………11
 2-1 研究動機……………………………………………………………………11
 2-2 矛盾表與創新法則.…………………………………………………………12
 2-3 改善「量測的準確度」……………………………………………………12
 2-4 改善工程特性或避免工程特性惡化的創新法則表………………………18
 2-5 缺乏矛盾訊息之積極或消極解決問題方法………………………………19
 2-6 案例分析……………………………………………………………………24
  2-6-1 案例2-1…………………………………………………………………24
  2-6-2 案例2-2…………………………………………………………………26
  2-6-3 案例2-3…………………………………………………………………29
  2-6-4 案例2-4…………………………………………………………………32
  2-6-5 案例2-5…………………………………………………………………32
 2-7 結論…………………………………………………………………………36

第三章 單一與多重特性對應的創新法則之TRIZ創新設計方法……………37
 3-1 研究動機……………………………………………………………………37
 3-2 改善「量測的準確度」及避免「量測的準確度」惡化………………37
 3-3 單一工程特性對應的創新法則方法……………………………………38
 3-4 多重特性對應的創新法則方法…………………………………………43
 3-5 案例分析…………………………………………………………………45
  3-5-1 案例3-1………………………………………………………………45
  3-5-2 案例3-2………………………………………………………………46
  3-5-3 案例3-3………………………………………………………………47
  3-5-4 案例3-4………………………………………………………………48
 3-6 結論………………………………………………………………………49

第四章 TRIZ創新法則應用於綠色創新設計的方法…………………………51
 4-1 研究動機…………………………………………………………………51
 4-2 環境效率與TRIZ的39工程參數…………………………………………52
 4-3 TRIZ的矛盾表應用於綠色創新設計方法………………………………53
 4-4 缺乏矛盾訊息的綠色創新設計方法……………………………………56
 4-5 TRIZ創新法則應用於綠色創新設計的方法……………………………57
 4-6 案例分析…………………………………………………………………60
  4-6-1 使用「TRIZ的矛盾表應用於綠色創新設計方法」………………60
   4-6-1-1 案例4-1蒸發式冷氣機…………………………………………60
  4-6-2 使用「缺乏矛盾訊息的綠色創新設計方法」……………………61
   4-6-2-1 案例4-2信封套設計……………………………………………61
   4-6-2-2 案例4-3手搖發電求生機………………………………………62
  4-6-3 使用「TRIZ創新法則應用於綠色創新設計的方法」……………64
   4-6-3-1 案例4-4三洋超音波洗衣機……………………………………64
   4-6-3-2 案例4-5抗污馬桶………………………………………………67
 4-7 結論………………………………………………………………………69

第五章 結合QFD元素、環境效率要素與TRIZ創新法則
    於綠色創新設計之方法………………………………………………70
 5-1 研究動機……………………………………………………………………70
 5-2 QFD與TRIZ方法……………………………………………………………70
 5-3 QFD元素、環境效率要素與39工程參數…………………………………73
 5-4 結合QFD元素、環境效率要素與TRIZ創新法則之綠色創新設計方法…76
 5-5 案例分析……………………………………………………………………79
 5-6 結論…………………………………………………………………………88

第六章 適用於綠色設計的創新法則與綠色創新產品之簡化評估方法……90
 6-1 研究動機……………………………………………………………………90
 6-2 適用於綠色設計的創新法則方法…………………………………………91
 6-3 綠色創新產品之簡化評估方法……………………………………………95
 6-4 案例分析……………………………………………………………………98
 6-5 結論………………………………………………………………………103

第七章 總結與建議……………………………………………………………105
 7-1 綜合結論…………………………………………………………………105
  7-1-1 關於「缺乏矛盾訊息之積極或消極解決問題TRIZ創新設計方法」106
  7-1-2 關於「單一與多重特性對應的創新法則之TRIZ創新設計方法」…106
  7-1-3 關於「TRIZ創新法則應用於綠色創新設計的方法」………………107
  7-1-4 關於「結合QFD、環境效率要素與TRIZ方法
    於綠色創新設計之方法」……………………………………………108
  7-1-5 關於「適用於綠色設計的創新法則與綠色創新產品
    之簡化評估方法」……………………………………………………109
 7-2 建議………………………………………………………………………109

參考文獻…………………………………………………………………………111
附錄A 39工程參數………………………………………………………………117
附錄B 40創新法則表……………………………………………………………119
附錄C 矛盾表……………………………………………………………………122
自述………………………………………………………………………………128
歷年發表著作……………………………………………………………………129
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