進階搜尋


 
系統識別號 U0026-0812200910250098
論文名稱(中文) 苯胺醛二次摻合物對聚苯胺導電性質的影響
論文名稱(英文) Conductive Effect of Anilinic Formaldehyde as a Polymeric Secondary Dopant on Polyaniline
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 化學系專班
系所名稱(英) Department of Chemistry (on the job class)
學年度 90
學期 2
出版年 91
研究生(中文) 郭仲文
研究生(英文) Chung-Wen Kuo
學號 l3789104
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 74頁
口試委員 口試委員-何國賢
指導教授-施良垣
口試委員-林榮良
中文關鍵字 聚苯胺  苯胺醛  聚合物型二次摻合物  形態學 
英文關鍵字 Morphology  Polyaniline  Aniline Formaldehyde  Polymeric Secondary Dopant 
學科別分類
中文摘要   本篇首先以十二烷基苯磺酸(簡稱DBSA)摻雜聚苯胺而形成離子性聚苯胺(簡稱PADB)。經丙酮清洗後,我們發現極子/二極子轉移之最大吸收波長為 878 nm,較文獻報導之750~800 nm為高,大幅提昇聚苯胺之導電度。
  其次以DBSA中和苯胺後,再加甲醛聚合而形成離子性苯胺醛(簡稱AFDB)作為PADB的聚合物型二次摻合物,希望藉此破壞聚苯胺本身之氫鍵,而與聚苯胺分子另形成氫鍵,使聚苯胺分子從被扭曲的結構中釋放出來,形成較筆直的結構。由實驗得知DBSA中和程度較高之苯胺醛,會壓縮聚苯胺的主鏈,使其更為扭曲。相反的,DBSA含量較少之苯胺醛,則使聚苯胺分子形成較筆直的結構。
  由示差掃描卡計可知,PADB含量超過50 ﹪之PADB/AFDB1.0摻合物有較佳互溶性。PADB/AFDB摻合物之導電隨PADB、AFDB之組成及形態學而改變。
英文摘要   Polyaniline has been doped firstly with dodecyl benzenesulfonic acid(DBSA)to form ionic polyaniline(PADB). After washing wish acetone, the polaron/bipolaron transition of PADB was found to have a maximum absorbance at 878 nm, which was higher than that reported in literatures(750~800 nm). The finding raised the conductivity of polyaniline considerably.
  An ionic aniline formaldehyde(AFDB)was synthesized by neutralizing aniline with DBSA and then polymerized with formaldehyde to be used as a polymeric secondary dopant for PADB. The purpose was to destroy the hydrogen bond between PADB and to form new hydrogen bond between PADB and AFDB, such that polyaniline molecule could be released from coiled structure to become a rigid one. It was learned from the experiment that high content of DBSA in AFDB compressed the backbone of PADB, and made it more coiled. On the contrary, AFDB with less DBSA made PADB more rigid.
  It was also found from the differential scanning calorimetry measurement that PADB/AFDB1.0(high DBSA content) blend with more than 50 ﹪PADB became misable. The conductivity of the blend varied with the composition of PADB、AFDB and the morphology.
論文目次 中文摘要
英文摘要
目 錄 1
圖索引 3
表格索引 5
第一章 緒論 6
第二章 文獻回顧 12
2-1本質型導電性高分子的發展過程 12
2-2聚苯胺回顧 15
2-3摻雜(Doping) 21
2-4摻合(Blending) 25
2-5導電理論 28
2-6導電高分子的應用 31
第三章 實驗部分 36
3-1實驗藥品 36
3-2實驗儀器 38
3-3實驗流程圖 40
3-4實驗步驟 43
3-5測試條件 47
3-6實驗代號說明 49
第四章 結果與討論 50
4-1聚苯胺(PADB)產物之鑑定 50
4-2聚苯胺醛之鑑定 51
4-3以丙酮清洗PADB前後之UV-Vis圖比較 52
4-4 PADB/AFDB1.0與PADB/AFDB0.5之UV-Vis圖 52
4-5 PADB/AFDB1.0之TGA分析 54
4-6 PADB/AFDB1.0之MDSC與FTIR分析 55
4-7 PADB/AFDB1.0之光學顯微鏡分析 55
4-8 PADB/AFDB之導電度與λmax之分析 56
第五章 結論 58
參考文獻 60
參考文獻 1.何國賢、謝達華,“導電性塑膠簡介及應用”,塑膠資訊,P28 No.12(1997).

2.何國賢、謝達華,“導電性塑膠簡介及應用”,塑膠資訊,P28~P35 No.12(1997).

3.Ho Ko-Shan,Hsieh Tar-Hwa.“Polyaniline-containing solution and method for preparing the same”US Patent WO 92/22911(1992).

4.A.G.MacDiarmid ,A.J.Epstein ,“Secondary doping in polyaniline”,Synth. Met.69.85(1995).

5.許棟材,“導電塑膠的應用與市場趨勢”,塑膠資訊, P34 No.8(1996).

6.T.Ito,H.Shirakawa and S.Ikeda,J.Polym.Sci.,“Simultaneous polymerization and formation of polyacetylene film on the surface of concentrated soluble ziegler-type calalyst solution”,Polym.Chem.Ed.,12.11(1974).

7.My.T.Nguyen,Paul Kasai,James L.Miller, and Arthur.F.Diaz,“Synthesis and properties of novel water-soluble polyaniline copolymers”,Macromolecules.27.3625(1994).

8.B.Wessling,“Dispersion hypothesis and non-equilibrium thermodynamics:key elements for a materials science of conductive polymers.A key to understanding polymer blends or other multiphase polymer systems”,Synthetic Metals. 4.119(1991).

9.Y.Cao,P.Smith and A.J.Hegger,“Counter-ion induced processibility of conducting polyaniline and of conducting polyblends of polyaniline in bulk polymers”,Synth. Metals.48.91(1992).

10.K.Pielichowski,“Thermal degradation of poly(vinyl chloride)/polyaniline conducting blends”,Journal of Thermal Analysis.54.171(1998).

11.Y.F.Fong and J.B.Svhlenoff,“Polymerization of aniline using mixed oxidizers”,Polymers.36.636(1995).

12.A.G.MacDiarmid and A.J.Hegger,“Organic metals and semiconductors:The chemistry of polyacetylene,(CH)x,and its derivatives”,Syn.Met.1.101(1979/80).

13.張宜愷,〝Studies on lntrmsic Conductive Polyaniline Copolymerrized by Polyurethanes〞台大化工所碩士論文(1999).

14.D.C.Trivedi,Handbook of Organic Conductive Molecules and Polymers.2.505(1997).

15.J.P.Travers,F.Genoud,C.Menarod and M.Nechtschein, “Polyaniline:A material still under discussion”,Syn.Mel.35.159(1990).

16. 黃士凱,“Studies on polyblends of conductive polyaniline and polyurethanes” 台大化工所碩士論文(1996).

17.P.N.Adams,D.C.Apperley,A.P.Monkman,“A comparison of the molecular weights of polyaniline samples obtained from gel permeation chromatography and solid state 15N n.m.r. spectroscopy”,Polymers.34.No2.328(1993).

18.P.N.Adams,P.J.Langhlin,“Synthesis of high molecular weight polyaniline at low temperatures”,Synthetic Metals.76.157(1996).

19.P.N.Adams,A.P.Monkman,“Characterization of high molecular weight polyaniline synthesized at -40 ℃ using a 0.25:1 mole ratio of persulfate oxidant to aniline”, Synthetic Metals.87.165(1997).

20.M.Angelopoulos,R.Dipietro,W.G.Zherg,A.G.MacDiarmid, and A.J.Epstien,“Effect of selected processing parameters on solution properties and morphology of polyaniline and impact on conductivity”,Synthetic Metals.84.35(1997).

21.蕭耀貴,“結晶性對塑膠材料的影響”,塑膠資訊, P3.No 6.(1996).

22.柯賢達,Studies on the Synthesis of Poly(thiophene-3acetic acid)and Their Blends”台大化工碩士論文(1994).

23.Ko-Shan Ho,“Effect of phenolic based polymeric secondary dopants on polyaniline”,Synthetic Metals.126.151(2002).

24.A.Andreatta and P.Smith,“Processing of conductive polyaniline-UHMW polyethylene blends from solutions in non-polar solvents”,Syn.Met.55.1017(1993).

25.Y.Min.,Y.Xia,A.G.MacDiarmid,A.J.Epstein,“Vapor phase ‘secondary doping’of polyaniline”,Synthetic Metals.69.159(1995).

26.Y.Cao,J.Qiu,P.Smith,“Effect of solvents and co-solvent on the processibility of polyaniline:I.solubility and conductivity studies”,Synthetic Metals.69.187(1995).

27.L.H.Huo,L.X.Cao,D.M.Wang,H.N.Cui,G.F.Zang,S.Q.Xi,“Preparation and characterization of doped polyaniline films”,Thin. Solid Film.350.5(1999).

28.J.M.Ko,S.Kim,I.J.Chang,“Electrochemical properties of dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid-doped polyaniline film in various organic electrolyte solutions”,Synthetic Metals. 69.139(1995).

29.E.Kim,M.Lee,Myong-Hoon lee,and S.B.Rhee,“Liquid crystalline assemblies from self-doped polyanilines”, Synthetic Metals.69.101(1995).

30.D.Tsotcheva,T.Tsanov,L.Terlemezyan and S.Vassilev,“Structural investigations of polyaniline prepared the presence of dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid”, J of Thermal Analyis and Calarimetry .63.133(2001).

31.Y.Cao,P.Smith and A.J.Hegger,“Counter-ion induced processibility of conducting polyaniline”,Synthetic Metals.55.3514(1993).

32.K.S.Ho,K.H.Hsieh,S.K.Hung,T.H.Hsieh,“Polyurethane-based conducting polymer blends I.effect of chain extender”, Synthetic Metals.107.65(1999).

33.W.J.Lee,Y.J.Kim,S.Kanng,“Electrical properties of polyaniline/sulfonated polycarbonate blends”,Syn.Met .113.237(2000).

34.G.R.Valencicmo,A.E.Job,L.H.C.Mattoso,“Improved conductivity of films of ultra high molecular weight polyethylene and polyaniline blends prepared from an m-cresol/decaline mixture”,Polymer.41.4757(2000).

35.王宗櫚、謝達華、何國賢,“聚合物摻合體之製備”,聚合物合成與鑑定法.

36.J.Laska,K.Zak,A.Pron,“Conducting blends of polyaniline with conventional polymers”,Synthetic Metals.84.117(1997).

37.S.J.Davies,T.G.Ryan,C.J.Wilde and G Beyer,“Processable forms of conductive polyaniline”,Synthetic Metals.69.209(1995).

38.T.A.Skothrin,“Handbook of Conducting Polymers ”,New York:M.dekker.2.1195(1986).

39.W.W.Fock,Gray E.Wnek,and Y.Wen,“Influence of oxidation state,pH ,and counter ion on the conductivity of polyaniline ”,J.Phys.Chem.91.5813(1987).

40.K.Pielichowski,“Kinetic analysis of the thermal decomposition of polyaniline”,Solid State Ionics.104.123(1997).

41.何國賢、謝達華,“導電性塑膠簡介及應用”,塑膠資訊,P32.No12(1997).

42.高立衡,“Stydies on Corrosion Protection with Intrinsically Conductive Polyaniline”,高雄醫學大學藥學研究所碩士論文(2001).

43.K.S.Ho,“Miscibility of Alkylated Rigid Polymers with Flexible polymers”,Ph.d.dis.,Polytechnic University,1992.

44.K.Levon,K.S.Ho,W.Y.Zheng,J.Laakso,T.Karna,T.Taka,J.E.Osterholm,“Thermal doping of polyaniline with dodecylbenzene sulfonic acid without auxiliary solvents”,Polymer.36.2733(1995).

45.K.S.Ho,T.H.Hsieh,“Studies on the intermolecular interaction between n-dodecyl benzene sulfonic acid doped polyaniline and undoped poly(3-n-dodecyl thiophene)”,Macro.Chem.Phys.201.No 11.1(2000).
論文全文使用權限
  • 同意授權校內瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2004-09-02起公開。
  • 同意授權校外瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2004-09-02起公開。


  • 如您有疑問,請聯絡圖書館
    聯絡電話:(06)2757575#65773
    聯絡E-mail:etds@email.ncku.edu.tw