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系統識別號 U0026-0808201913134500
論文名稱(中文) 以震動台試驗探討加勁邊坡動態行為- 加勁材配置效應
論文名稱(英文) Shaking table tests on geosynthetic-reinforced slopes- Effects of reinforcement configurations
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 土木工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Civil Engineering
學年度 107
學期 2
出版年 108
研究生(中文) 艾育生
研究生(英文) Aaushi Tariyal
學號 N66067062
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 140頁
口試委員 指導教授-黃景川
口試委員-張文忠
口試委員-楊國鑫
中文關鍵字 None 
英文關鍵字 geosynthetic-reinforced slope  white noise test  permanent displacement  dynamic incremental pressure  arias intensity  RMS acceleration  stiffness coefficient  internal failure index 
學科別分類
中文摘要 None
英文摘要 The present study used a geosynthetic-reinforced slope model with different length of reinforcement and a number of the reinforcement layer. A laminar box was used which contain the model during the shaking table tests. The soil used in this experiment is the middle and upper reaches of Meixi in Nantou County. The different test was done on the model, and the results are compared with test results reported in the literature:
1. The maximum permanent displacement of the slope(D_max) under various horizontal peak ground acceleration(HPGA) shows that 5layer 0.7H performs better than 3layer 0.7H and 5layer 0.5H.
2. The normalized displacement curves obtained here show that that before the surface acceleration exceeds the limit acceleration a_y, the wall has been displaced, and empirical curves reported in the literature, suggesting that a permanent displacement of the slope could not happen if HPGA is not greater than a_y.
3. In this study, the acceleration amplification factor shows the same trend as the other researchers.
4. From arias intensity and a_rms, it can be seen that 5layer 0.7H required more energy for failure than the other models.
5. Stiffness coefficient and Internal failure index are good indicators that can be utilized to evaluate the seismic response of reinforced slopes.
論文目次 ABSTRACT III
Acknowledgement IV
Table of content v
Table directory IX
table of figures X
chapter 1 introduction 1
1.1 Motivation and Purpose 1
1.2 Research 2
chapter 2 Literature review 3
2.1 Newmark (1965) Sliding Block Theory 3
2.2 Cai and Bathurst (1996) Comparison and discussion of methods for calculating seismic displacement 4
2.3 Matsuo et al. (1998) Shaking table test of stiffened retaining wall 6
2.4 Huang et al. (2010) and Huang et al. (2011) Study on the dynamic behavior of stiffened retaining walls 6
2.5 Chopra (2001) Decay of free vibration test 8
2.6 Nadim F. and Whitman RV. (1983) Earthquake caused displacement of retaining wall 9
2.7 Xu (2016) Direct shear behavior and patterning of soil 10
2.8 Wang (2017) Discussion on the vibration table test of the displacement in the earthquake of the retaining wall 10
2.9 Sabermahani M. et al. (2007) Experimental study on seismic deformation modes of reinforced-soil walls 12
2.10 Krishna Murali A. et al. (2012) Modeling the Dynamic Response of Wrap-Faced Reinforced Soil Retaining Walls 12
2.11 Liao (2018) Study on the Seismic Behavior of Geosynthetic-reinforced steep slopes 13
Chapter 3 Experimental Installation and Introduction 15
3.1 Test soil 15
3.2 Reinforcing material 15
3.3 Slope reinforced retaining wall model related equipment 15
3.3.1 Laminar sandbox 15
3.3.2 Slope bracing 15
3.3.3 Latex film 16
3.3.4 Adhesive Glue 16
3.4 Measurement and data acquisition system 16
3.4.1 Linear displacement meter 16
3.4.2 Accelerometer 16
3.4.3 Strain gauge 17
3.4.4 Modular capture system 17
3.4.5 National Instruments Labview software 18
3.5 MTS shaking system 18
Chapter 4 Experimental methods and description 30
4.1 Decay of free vibration test and White noise test 30
4.2 Shaking table test of reinforced wall 31
4.3 Experimental conditions and waveform simulation results 32
chapter 5 experimental results and analysis 39
5.1 Performance of laminar and rigid sandboxes 39
5.2 White noise test and Decay of free vibration test 42
5.2.1 White noise test, test result 42
5.2.2 Decay of free vibration test result 44
5.3 Shaking table test results of reinforced wall 48
5.3.1 Discussion on wall displacement 50
5.3.1.1 Wall deformation process of each group of experiments 50
5.3.1.2 The relationship between the maximum permanent displacement of the wall (D_max) and the maximum horizontal acceleration of the surface (HPGA) 52
5.3.1.3 Normalization of wall displacement 60
5.3.1.4 Wall deformation process 62
5.3.2 Face displacement response of the wall 63
5.3.3 Wall acceleration response results 65
5.3.3.1 Wall acceleration response of each group of experiments 65
5.3.3.2 Acceleration increase and decrease amplitude reaction 67
5.3.4 Reinforcement 80
5.3.4.1 Tensile force on the reinforcement 80
5.3.4.2 Force Distribution on reinforcement 81
5.3.4.3 Dynamic increment coefficient ( ∆K_dyn) 83
5.4 Analysis method of reinforced wall 85
5.4.1 Arias intensity 85
5.4.2 RMS acceleraion 89
5.4.3 Reinforced wall 98
5.4.3.1 External and internal stability analysis 98
5.4.3.2 Earth pressure analysis 103
5.4.3.2.1 Static earth pressure 103
5.4.3.2.2 Dynamic incremental pressure 105
5.4.4 Stiffness 109
5.4.4.1 Stiffness coefficient 109
5.4.4.2 Internal failure index 110
Chapter 6 Conclusions and recomendations 113
6.1 Conclusions 113
6.2 Recomendations 115
References 116
Appendix 119

參考文獻 1. Bathurst, R. J. (1998) “Segmental retaining wall - seismic design manual” National Concrete Masonry Association, Herndon, VA, USA.
2. Bathurs, R. J. and Cai, Z. (1995) “Pseudo-static seismic analysis of geosynthetic reinforced segmental retaining walls’’ Geosynthetics International, Vol. 2, No. 5, pp 789-832.
3. Cai, Z. and Bathurs, R. J. (1996) “Deterministic sliding block methods for estimation seismic displacements of earth structures” Soil Dynamic and Earthquake Engineering, Vol. 15, No. 4, pp. 255-268.
4. Chopra, A. K. (2001) “Dynamic of Structures” Prentice Hall, 2th ed, Chapter 2, pp. 39-64.
5. Huang, C.-C., Chou, L.-H., and Tatsuoka, F. (2003) “Seismic displacements of geosynthetic-reinforced soil modular block walls” Geosynthetics International, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 2-23.
6. Huang, C.-C., and Wu, S.-H. (2006) “Simplified approach for assessing seismic displacements of soil-retaining walls. Part I: geosynthetic-reinforced walls with modular block walls” Geosynthetics International, Vol. 13, No. 6, pp 219-233.
7. Huang, C.-C., Horng, J.-C., Chang, Chueh, S.-Y., W.-J., Chiou, J.-S., and Chen, C.-H., (2010) “Dynamic behavior of reinforced slopes: horizontal acceleration response’’ Geosynthetics International, Vol. 17, No. 4, pp 207-219.
8. Huang, C.-C., Horng, J.-C., Chang, W.-J., Chiou, J.-S., and Chen, C.-H., (2011) “Dynamic behavior of reinforced walls – horizontal displacement response” Geotextiles and Geomembranes, Vol. 29, pp. 257-267.
9. Huang, C.-C. (2015) “Settlement of footings at the crest of reinforced slopes subjected to toe unloading’’ Geosynthetics International.
10. Huang, C.-C., Huang, B.-S., Chen, Y.-W. (2016) “Stability analyses for geosynthetic-reinforced steep-faced slopes subjected to toe scouring’’ Journal of GeoEngineering, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 123-132.
11. Huang, C.-C. (2016) “Model tests on the bearing capacity of reinforced saturated sand ground’’ Geosynthetics International.
12. Iai, S. (1988) “Similitude for shaking table tests on soil-structure-fluid model in 1g gravitational field.”
13. Idriss, I. M. (1990) “Response of soft soil sites during earthquakes” Proceedings H. Bolton Seed Memorial Symposium, Vol. 2, No. 4, pp 273-289.
14. Krishna, A. M. et al. (2007) “Seismic response of reinforced soil retaining wall models using shaking-table tests” Geosynthetics International, Vol. 14, No. 6, pp.355-364.
15. Matsuo, O., Tsutsumi, T., Yokoyama, K., and Saito, Y. (1998) “Shaking table tests and analyses of geosynthetic-reinforced soil retaining walls” Geosynthetic International, Vol. 5, No. 1-2, pp. 97-126.
16. Newmark, N. M. (1965) “Effect of earthquake on dams and embankments” Geotechnique, Vol. 15, No 2, pp. 139-159.
17. Sabermahani, M., Ghalandarzadeh, A., and Fakher, A. (2009) “Experimental study on seismic deformation modes of reinforced-soil walls” Geotextiles and Geomembranes, Vol. 27, pp. 121-136.
18. Segrestin, P. and Bastick, M. J. (1988) “Seismic design of reinforced earth retaining walls the contribution of finite element analysis” Proceedings of the International Geotechnical Symposium on Theory and Practice of Earth Reinforcement, pp. 577-582.
19. Whitman, R. V., and Liao, S. (1985) “Seismic design of gravity retaining walls” Miscellaneous Paper GL-85-1, Department of the Army, US Army Corps of Engineers, Washington, DC.
20. Wang Xuewen (2017), "Exploring the vibration table test of the displacement in the earthquake of the retaining wall," National Cheng Kung University, Master of Science in Civil Engineering.
21. Liao Kuan-Chieh (2018), “Study on the Seismic Behavior of Geosynthetic-reinforced Steep Slopes,” National Cheng Kung University, Master of Science in Civil Engineering.
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