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系統識別號 U0026-0808201614322800
論文名稱(中文) 社會資本與幸福感之相關性:跨國及跨年齡層比較
論文名稱(英文) Association of social capital and happiness: An international comparison across three generation groups
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 老年學研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Gerontology
學年度 104
學期 2
出版年 105
研究生(中文) 王友惠
研究生(英文) You-Hui Wang
學號 tc6031052
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 72頁
口試委員 召集委員-楊靜利
口試委員-范聖育
指導教授-翁慧卿
中文關鍵字 幸福感  社會資本  跨國比較  跨年齡層比較  老年人 
英文關鍵字 happines  social capital  cross-country comparisons  the elderly 
學科別分類
中文摘要   有鑑於全球人口高齡化現象,多數國家的政策方針著重於老年人的生理健康,然而心理福祉是易被忽略的。此外人民的幸福感更是社會發展的重要參考指標。回顧過去幸福感的研究中,大多以個人層次和國家層次解釋幸福感的差異。鮮少文獻探討個人層次與國家層次之交互作用下,對不同年齡層幸福感的影響。因此本研究欲探討社會資本及幸福感相關性之跨國與跨年齡層比較。本研究使用三個資料庫。樣本來自國際社會調查,包含30個國家及49,504個人樣本。本研究將樣本分為三個年齡層,年輕(20-34歲)、中年(35-64歲)和老年(65歲以上)。個人層次變項取自國際社會調查,國家層次變項取自世界銀行資料庫、國家繁榮指標。使用階層線性模型(Hierarchical Linear Modeling)分析30個國家之個人層次和國家層次變項對不同年齡層幸福感的影響。
  研究結果顯示(1)30個國家中,有25個國家在三個年齡層幸福感呈現顯著差異。其中有20個國家老年人幸福感是三個年齡層中最低的。(2)透過階層線性模型,顯示老年人幸福感的差異有14%的變異受到國家因素影響,是三個年齡層中影響最大的。(3)國家層次變項中,發現社會資本對老年人幸福感有顯著正向影響。(4)對老年族群而言,居住都市化程度與社會資本之交互作用達顯著,表示在社會資本愈高的國家,會弱化居住都市化對幸福感的影響力。
英文摘要 The study focused on the correlation between social capital and happiness, and an international comparison across three generation groups. This study used hierarchical linear modeling to exam the cross-level effects of personal and national variables on the happiness in three different age groups (young, middle-aged, elderly) in 30 countries. Samples (n = 49,504) were recruited from the International Social Survey (ISSP). The results showed that first, of the 30 countries, there was a significant difference in the happiness level of the three age groups in 25 of these countries. The elderly’s happiness was the lowest out of the three age groups in 20 of the countries. Second, the elderly’s happiness was explained the most by national factors, about 14% of variance in the three age groups. Third, there was a significant positive correlation that between social capital in the national level and the elderly’s happiness. Fourth, social capital acted as a buffer against the adverse effects of urbanization on the happiness of the elderly.
論文目次 中文摘要 I
Abstract II
誌謝 IV
目錄 V
表目錄 VI
圖目錄 VI
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 問題陳述與研究目的 3
第三節 研究重要性 3
第四節 名詞定義 3
第二章 文獻回顧與研究假設 4
第一節 幸福感 4
第二節 社會資本 8
第三節 個人層次變項對幸福感的影響 14
第四節 國家層次變項對幸福感的影響 18
第五節 跨層次調節效果對幸福感的影響 21
第六節 小結 22
第三章 研究方法 23
第一節 研究架構與研究假設 23
第二節 資料來源與變項說明 25
第四章 研究結果 34
第一節 描述性統計與相關分析 34
第二節 階層線性分析 43
第三節 交互作用圖形 47
第四節 研究假設與結果統整 49
第五章 討論與建議 50
第一節 主要結果討論 50
第二節 相關建議 55
第三節 研究限制與未來研究方向 57
參考文獻 58
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