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系統識別號 U0026-0808201510291300
論文名稱(中文) 都市滯洪公園與地區房價關聯性研究 - 以高雄市三民區為例
論文名稱(英文) A Study of Relevance of Urban Detention Basin and Real Estate Values - A Case Study of Sanmin District in Kaohsiung City
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 都市計劃學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Urban Planning
學年度 103
學期 2
出版年 104
研究生(中文) 闕裕倫
研究生(英文) Yu-Lun Chueh
學號 P26024033
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 89頁
口試委員 口試委員-洪鴻智
口試委員-石豐宇
口試委員-葉光毅
指導教授-張學聖
中文關鍵字 房價  淹水事件  都市滯洪公園  地理加權迴歸模型 
英文關鍵字 housing price  flood event  urban detention basin  geographically weighted regression 
學科別分類
中文摘要 全球氣候變遷造成都市地區淹水事件頻率與強度遽增,進而對地方發展也造成負面影響。為了減緩淹水所造成的損失,過去普遍透過設置滯洪池來減緩災情,然而民眾對於滯洪池的看法,因為存在安全、環境或噪音等疑慮,普遍存在或多或少的鄰避情節,如高雄壽山滯洪池抗議事件即為一例。近年將滯洪池公園化的「都市滯洪公園」乃現今推廣之防災對策之一,其目的除了是減緩淹水所造成的影響,亦是希望平時能作為公園使用,以增加民眾對該設施的接受程度。「結合了迎毗性質(遊憩景觀功能)與鄰避性質(滯洪功能)的都市滯洪公園,其與周邊房價關聯性為何?」是本研究主要關心的議題。根據上述議題,本文主要發問有二:都市滯洪公園是否對房價造成影響?都市滯洪公園為何種公共設施,是迎毗亦或是以鄰避為主?
在研究方法選用上,考量過去探討房價之相關研究常使用傳統線性迴歸模型進行議題的分析與討論,卻忽略空間自相關與空間異質性問題而造成結果有較大的誤差。有鑑於此,本研究使用地理加權迴歸模型作為研究方法,能更有效處理上述空間問題,使結果相較傳統線性迴歸模型有更佳的配適性及預測準確度;其次,地理加權迴歸模型亦能將結果於空間上呈現,更利於本研究議題之討論。
研究結果發現:淹水經驗造成房價貶值,但「屋齡」、「建物面積」相較於淹水經驗,對研究地區房價差異影響更明顯。而在曾有淹水經驗之地區,都市滯洪公園對房價影響相較無淹水經驗之地區為明顯。整體來說,本和里滯洪公園對房價有正面影響,對有淹水經驗區位屬於迎毗與鄰避效果共存的公共設施,而對無淹水經驗區位則屬於以迎毗效果為主的公共設施。
英文摘要 In recent years, Taiwan has faced increasing risks and disaster due to flooding, and the government has employed "urban detention basin", which is the subject of this study, as a new mitigation strategy for urban drainage to improve people's acceptance. However, urban detention basin combined detention pond (NIMBY effect) and park (YIMBY effect). The impact of urban detention basin to surrounding environment real estate value is the main issue of this study. Thus, we use real estate values as measurement, and focus on the effects of flooding events and urban detention basin on housing price. Considering ordinary least squares (OLS), which is common method for estimating the impact of the facility on the real estate, can’t effectively deals with spatial problem, we use geographically weighted regression model (GWR) as main research method to investigate the relevance of urban detention basins and real estate values.
Our research finds: (1) Although flood event causes adverse impact to real estate, the impacts caused by "building age" and "floor area" are more significant. (2) The impact of urban detention basin to real estate in areas affected by flooding is more significant than those in areas never affected by flooding. (3) Urban detention basin cause positive impact to real estate. In locations affected by flooding, it's a “YIMBY and NIMBY coexist” facility, and in locations never affected by flooding, it's a "YIMBY" facility.
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 研究目的 3
第三節 研究內容 4
第四節 研究流程 5
第二章 文獻回顧 7
第一節 都市淹水對房價影響 7
第二節 公共設施與滯洪公園對房價影響 10
第三節 地理加權迴歸模型於房價之應用 16
第四節 文獻回顧小結 23
第三章 研究設計 25
第一節 研究架構 25
第二節 研究假設 27
第三節 研究範圍與空間分析單元界定 29
第四節 研究方法 33
第四章 驗證分析 37
第一節 樣本處理與住宅不動產類型分析 37
第二節 滯洪公園周邊住宅不動產交易價格影響因素之量測與分析 43
第三節 滯洪公園與周邊房價關聯性分析 56
第四節 研究假設驗證分析與討論 69
第五章 結論與建議 77
第一節 結論 77
第二節 建議 81
參考文獻 83
外文文獻 83
中文文獻 88
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