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系統識別號 U0026-0808201212460300
論文名稱(中文) 遊艇製造業作業勞工揮發性有機物長期暴露評估
論文名稱(英文) Long-term exposure assessment of volatile organic compounds for yacht manufacturing industry workers
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 環境醫學研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Environmental and Occupational Health
學年度 100
學期 2
出版年 101
研究生(中文) 鄭姝涵
研究生(英文) Shu-Han Jheng
學號 S76994037
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 116頁
口試委員 指導教授-蔡朋枝
共同指導教授-廖寶琦
口試委員-李文智
口試委員-吳聰能
口試委員-陳美如
中文關鍵字 遊艇製造業  揮發性有機物質  貝氏統計分析技術  多重化學物質暴露評估  強化玻璃纖維 
英文關鍵字 Yacht manufacturing industry  volatile organic compounds  Bayesian decision analysis  total exposure assessment  fiber glass reinforced plastics 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本研究目的為以環境測定結果與直讀式儀器 (Photoionization Detector's, PID)測值之相關性模式推估多重化學物質暴露情形,並結合以歷年原物料使用情形所推估之長期暴露資料庫,利用貝氏統計分析技術 (Bayesian decision analysis),以建立遊艇製造業勞工之長期多重化學物質暴露危害風險評估。本研究選取遊艇製造過程中下甲板強化玻璃纖維 (Fiberglass Reinforced Plastics, FRP)製程的七種不同工段,包含表面積層、鋪乾毯與排芯材、真空、注入、拆耗材、拱木包覆與補強及機艙艙蓋製作工段為研究對象。在不同作業過程中,分別利用PID量測其環境中之總揮發性有機化合物 (Total Volatile Organic Compound, TVOC)濃度,並同時以不銹鋼採樣筒 (Canister)進行現場空氣揮發性有機化合物 (Volatile Organic Compound, VOC)採樣。所採集之空氣樣本以氣相層析質譜儀 (Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrophotometer, GC/MS)進行VOC的定性及定量分析。結果顯示,以不銹鋼採樣筒進行現場採樣分析發現,丙酮及正十二烷在表面積層、真空、注入、拆耗材、栱木包覆與補強及機艙艙蓋製作等工段,分別為濃度最高及最低之化學物。直讀式儀器量測結果顯示,空氣中TVOCs濃度以注入工段最高 (40.1×104 ppb),真空工段最低 (1.23×104 ppb)。各相似暴露群 (Similar Exposure Groups, SEGs)以表面積層工段之累積多重化學暴露大於容許標準為最高。而在控制各SEGs累積多重化學暴露均小於1之情形下,各SEGs之PID有效控管值介於42~1768 ppm之間。綜合上述,本研究認為所建立之方法可有效評估及管理遊艇製造業勞工之暴露危害風險。
英文摘要 The purpose of this study was to use the field sampling and direct reading instrument data to establish predicting models, established a long-term exposure data bank based on the long-term raw material consumptions and used the Bayesian decision analysis for conducting long- term total exposure risk assessment for a yacht manufacturing industry workers. In this study, we selected the FRP process (Fiberglass Reinforced Plastics) conducted in the lower deck of a yacht for investigations. Seven tasks of this FRP process, including the lamination, lay-up dry fibers, vacuum, infusion, dismantle, strengthening, and machinery arrangement were chosen to measure the TVOC (Total Volatile Organic Compound) concentration using PID (Photoionization Detector's), and concentrations of each VOC (Volatile Organic Compound, VOC) were first collected by a stainless canister, and then analyzed using a GC/MS (Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrophotometer). The results show that acetone and n-Dodecane were the highest and lowest concentration during the lamination, vacuum, infusion, dismantle, strengthening, and machinery arrangement processes. The concentration of TVOC in the infusion process was the highest (40.1x104 ppb), the vacuum process was the lowest (1.23×104 ppb). The total exposure found above the permissible exposure limit was in the lamination process which was the highest. To control the total exposure below the permissible exposure limit for each work task, the PID value should be control between 42.0 to 1,768 ppm. In conclusion, the developed methodology is applicable to conduct and manage exposure risk assessment for the yacht manufacturing factory workers.
論文目次 目錄
摘要 I
Abstract II
第一章 前言 1
1-1. 研究背景 1
1-2. 研究目的 2
第二章 文獻回顧 3
2-1. 揮發性有機物 3
2-1-1. 物化特性 3
2-1-2. VOCs 之健康危害 3
2-2. FRP製程介紹 5
2-3. FRP製程之暴露危害 6
2-4. Bayesian統計分析決策技術 7
2-5. 多重物質暴露風險評估 8
第三章 研究方法與設備 12
3-1. 研究架構 12
3-2. 原物料調查 12
3-3. 相似暴露族群 13
3-4. 作業現場採樣及暴露評估 13
3-5. 模式推估 15
3-6. Bayesian統計分析 16
3-7. 多重化學物質暴露風險評估 17
第四章 結果與討論 22
4-1. 勞工作業環境危害調查 22
4-2. 各工段原物料成份組成或其反應物之鑑定 23
4-3. 現場作業勞工暴露情形 24
4-3-1. 各SEG不銹鋼採樣筒採樣之有害物濃度 24
4-3-2. 各SEG直讀式儀器測量之結果 26
4-4. 直讀式儀器測值及不銹鋼採樣筒測值之相關模式推估 26
4-5. 以貝氏統計進行多重化學物質暴露風險評估 27
4-6. 以Total exposure評估為依據之各SEG PID管制策略 30
第五章 結論與建議 72
5-1. 結論 72
5-2. 建議 73
第六章 文獻參考 74
附錄一 研究品質控制 79

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