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系統識別號 U0026-0807201915241700
論文名稱(中文) 應用地理加權迴歸探討高雄輕軌對其沿線地價之影響研究
論文名稱(英文) Estimating the effects of light rail transit (LRT)on land price in Kaohsiung using Geographically Weighted Regression
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 都市計劃學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Urban Planning
學年度 107
學期 2
出版年 108
研究生(中文) 施明坤
研究生(英文) Ming-Kun Shi
學號 P26063037
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 106頁
口試委員 指導教授-石豐宇
口試委員-李子璋
口試委員-廖俊雄
口試委員-董啟崇
中文關鍵字 輕軌 (LRT)  地價  特徵價格模型 (HPM)  地理加權迴歸 (GWR)  高雄市 
英文關鍵字 LRT  Land price  HPM  GWR  Kaohsiung 
學科別分類
中文摘要 大眾捷運系統可以大幅提升地區之可及性且對沿線周邊土地價值帶來資本化效益。但大眾捷運系統在不同階段對土地價值提升的空間差異研究較為少見。高雄輕軌是全台灣首條非獨立專用路權輕軌,其在不同階段所帶來的外部空間效應還不得而知。因此,本研究聚焦高雄輕軌在計畫公告後、建設期及營運期(2012-2018年)對沿線住宅地價和商業地價之影響。先運用GIS空間分析中IDW (Inverse Distance Weighted)空間插值對輕軌不同階段地價空間分佈進行分析,得出輕軌沿線住宅地價和商業地價空間分佈格局存在差異,住宅地價在空間上呈現雙核心結構,商業地價呈現多核心結構;再者建立基於地理加權迴歸特徵價格模型模型,得出高雄輕軌在不同階段對沿線地價影響具有顯著空間差異性。在計畫公告後,輕軌對沿線住宅地價影響具有顯著正面影響,每靠近輕軌站1%的距離,住宅地價將會平均提升0.08%,且中低收入地區顯著正面影響程度大於高收入地區;而輕軌對沿線商業地價無顯著影響。在建設期時,輕軌對住宅和商業影響效應相同,其只對輕軌光榮碼頭站 (C9)至哈馬星站 (C14)沿線地區住宅地價產生顯著負面影響,而對輕軌第一階段其他站區沿線無顯著影響。輕軌第一階段營運後,其只對高雄展覽館站 (C8)至哈馬星站 (C14)沿線地區住宅地價產生顯著負面影響,而對輕軌第一階段其他站區沿線無顯著影響,而對商業地價整體上無顯著影響,與過去研究不同。同時,並與全域型OLS模型進行比較,地理加權迴歸模型進行局部估計效果優於OLS模型全域型估計,且更能軌對沿線地價影響在空間上存在複雜的變化。
英文摘要 This study focuses on the impact of Kaohsiung light rail transit on residential and commercial land prices along the line after the announcement, construction and operation (2012-2018). Firstly, using IDW (Inverse Distance Weighted)spatial interpolation to analyze the spatial distribution of land price in different periods of LRT, it is concluded that there are differences in the spatial distribution pattern of residential land price and commercial land price along line. Residential land price presents a dual-core structure, and commercial land price presents a multi-core structure. Furthermore, based on the GWR model, it is concluded that Kaohsiung LRT has significant spatial differences in land price along the line in different periods. After announcement, LRT has a significant positive impact on the residential land price along the line. For every 1% of the distance near the LRT station, the residential land price will increase by 0.08% on average, and the significant positive impact degree in middle and low-income areas is greater than that in high-income areas.But It has a no significant impact on commercial land prices. During construction , LRT has the same effect on residential and commercial land price, both of which have significant negative effects. During operation, it has a significant negative impact on the residential land price along the line, but no significant impact on the commercial land price as a whole, which is different from the past research. Meanwhile, compared with the OLS model, GWR model is better than the OLS model.
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 研究目的 3
第二章 文獻回顧 4
第一節 概念定義與相關理論 4
第二節 大眾捷運系統對地價之影響 13
第三節 特征價格與地理加權迴歸模型 22
第三章 研究設計 28
第一節 研究範圍與空間分析單元界定 28
第二節 研究架構和流程 30
第三節 研究方法 33
第四節 模型之變數選取 35
第四章 實證分析 40
第一節 樣本資料處理及描述性分析 40
第二節 特徵價格模型建構及分析 59
第三節 地理加權迴歸建構及分析 77
第五章 結論和建議 100
第一節 結論 100
第二節 建議 102

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