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系統識別號 U0026-0803202002453000
論文名稱(中文) 臺鐵地下化永康火車站及周邊之都市設計研究
論文名稱(英文) An Urban Design Study on the Renewal of Yongkang Station and Its Surrounding Area after the Construction of Underground Railway
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 建築學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Architecture
學年度 108
學期 1
出版年 109
研究生(中文) 王銘鴻
研究生(英文) Ming-Hung Wang
學號 N76041107
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 100頁
口試委員 指導教授-洪傳祥
口試委員-徐中強
口試委員-沈芷蓀
中文關鍵字 臺南鐵路地下化  都市設計  站區規劃  永續低碳  Sea street 
英文關鍵字 Underground Railway Tainan  Urban Design  Transportation Hub  Sustainable&Low Carbon  Sea street 
學科別分類
中文摘要 因應臺鐵轉型及臺南車站地區都市更新發展、消除鐵路對市區之阻隔、疏解日益嚴重的都市交通、整合都會區運輸系統,交通部鐵路改建工程局研議辦理「臺南市區鐵路地下化計畫」(簡稱:臺南計畫)。
臺南市區鐵路地下化計畫綜合規劃報告於98年9月9日奉行政院核定,計畫範圍北起臺南市永康區臺鐵大橋站南端(即柴頭港溪北岸),地下化路線由既有鐵路東側岔出進入地下,行經北區、東區、至仁德區亞航社區附近爬升,再匯回臺鐵地面鐵路,全長約8.23公里,除將臺南車站古蹟保留外,另新建臺南地下車站,並增設林森、南臺南等2通勤站。
台南市政府基於永康、新市及善化等人口稠密地區,長期因臺鐵路軌造成都市空間分割,嚴重影響沿線兩側區域均衡發展,及軌道與路面平交易造成交通衝擊等因素考量後,遂委託專業團隊辦理鐵路立體化北延善化之可行性研究。
本論文試圖以「臺鐵地下化後永康火車站及周邊市區之空間發展研究」為空間探討意圖,綜合考量都市計畫、城市規劃、都市設計、建築師的角度,尋求一個理想銜接「臺南市區鐵路地下化工程」為主要架構的永康火車站及周邊市區都市設計方案。
在站區發展願景上,原都市計畫定位本區的站區發展願景為「田園都市新住宅」,透過本研究構想,期許未來站區範圍周遭將轉變為移居宜居的「韌性海綿新城市」,並且可以成為區域新發展中心區,對永康市區帶動更進一步的都市發展,重新成為一個臺南市區都市門戶,及交通大眾運輸的運能節點。
英文摘要 In response to the transform of the Taiwan Railway and the urban renewal and development of the Tainan Station area, the elimination of railway barriers to the urban area, the easing of urban transportation, and the integration of the metropolitan area transportation system, the Railway Reconstruction and Engineering Bureau of the Ministry of Transport has considered“ the Construction Project of Underground Railway of the Tainan City area ". (called : Tainan Project).
The comprehensive planning report of the project was approved by the Executive Yuan on September 9, 1998. The scope of the plan starts from the southern end of Daqiao Station Station (that is, the north bank of Chaitou Gangxi) in Yongkang District, Tainan City. The east side of the existing railway exits into the underground,through the North, East District, climbs up near the AirAsia community in Rende District, and then rejoins the Taiwan Railway ground railway, which is approximately 8.23 kilometers in length. In addition to retaining the historical sites of Tainan Station, another new Tainan Underground Station is built. It also added 2 commuting stations such as Lin Sen and South Tainan.
Based on densely populated areas such as Yongkang, Xinshi, and Shanhua, the Tainan City Government has long considered the division of urban space due to the Taiwan Railway track, which has seriously affected the balanced development of the areas along the two sides, and considered traffic impact caused by the flat track and road traffic. A professional team was entrusted to handle the feasibility study of the three-dimensional railway extended north to Shanhua District.
This thesis attempts to use "the research on the spatial development of Yongkang Railway Station and the surrounding urban areas after the underground of the Taiwan Railway" as the space exploration intent, and comprehensively considers the perspectives of urban planning, urban planning, urban design, and architects roles, to seeks an ideal project connecting "Tainan "Urban Railway Underground Engineering".
In terms of station development vision, the original urban plan positioned the station's development vision of the district as "a new garden city residential house". Through this research concept, it is hoped that the future station area will be transformed into a livable "flexible sponge new city" .It can also become a new regional development center, driving further urban development in Yongkang City, and becoming a metropolitan gateway of Tainan City and a transportation node for mass transportation.
This thesis explores themes, focusing on the four main aspects of traffic and landscape, urban renewal, station image, and station design in the urban design category. The thesis originated from the transportation issues of the underground railway of Yongkang Station, and because of the underground railway of the original railway, a landscaped parkway was created. By re-integrating the road system, Yongkang Station has become a facade of Tainan City. The district must also take advantage of this opportunity to reverse the image of the old industrial area through urban renewal and reposition the role of industrial areas and railway stations in the city. Compared to the original city core in Tainan City, Yongkang City is eliminated. And the urban image of the station area mainly on the channel and the edge, once again retrieve the image of Yongkang's new human-centered station, which is mainly relocated and liveable. Through station design, landscape greening, and leisure facilities and other related urban design techniques, it brings a whole newYongkang station area. The new vision of the city makes Yongkang people no longer just passers-by and no sense of belonging. This is the greatest hope and vision of this thesis and the problem that this thesis hopes to solve.
In terms of spatial layout and open space system, since the back of the train station is mainly an old industrial area and there is no substantial dynamic line connection with the train station area, plus the old buildings, all industrial plants respond to industrial transformation And re-optimization considerations, the urban planning goals also prioritized the implementation of urban renewal across the two sides of the railway. This case took advantage of this opportunity to reconnect the new relationship between the front and back stations; and tried to demolish the two sky bridges on Yongda Road、a level crossing on the west side of the station area, and through urban renewal methods, relocate the old industrial area as a commercial area, residential area, office building and other spaces, and strengthen public facilities to create regional theme parks. The method of green covering sidewalks and street corner squares shape and optimize the livable new urban space.
On the moving line system, the space of railway after the underground corridor is vacated is converted and increased into a 30-meter wide green park road, and the provincial road on the east side of Yongda Road is combined with the original urban planning road and railway land to expand the road. The sixty-meter-wide road is a wide tree-lined green garden road, which effectively relieves the dilemma of provincial road crossing. It also extends north to south through all roads, reconnects the new relationship between front and back stations, and resolves local traffic problems.
論文目次 目錄

論文摘要
Abstract
謝誌

目錄
圖目錄
表目錄

第一章 緣起................1

第二章 臺鐵立體化政策下臺南地區的擘劃.........2
2-1 百年鐵道提供便利交通運輸............3
2-2 鐵道路廊隔絕都會區平衡發展............7
2-3 臺北鐵路地下化開啟立體化先河..........8
2-4 臺南鐵路地下化的決策與立體化延伸..........9

第三章 臺南都市環境中的永康火車站...........12
3-1 永康火車站與臺南都心的空間關係...........16
3-2 永康火車站周邊市區的街道系統...........20
3-3 永康火車站周邊市區的土地使用分區計畫........23
3-4 永康火車站周邊市區的建築開發現況..........25
3-5 研究空間範圍的擬定............31

第四章 永康火車站周邊的現況與問題..........32
4-1 平面鐵路隔絕前後站市區的整合發展..........34
4-2 高速公路限縮永康區與臺南市區的共同發展.........35
4-3 永康區核心市區與火車站距離過遠..........36
4-4 後站老舊工業區不再符合時代的需求..........39
4-5 省道一號與交流道周邊交通紊亂...........42
4-6 永康火車站站前街廓系統失序...........43
4-7 火車站設施服務品質亟待提升改善...........45

第五章 案例分析...............46
5-1 高雄鳳山車站..............46
5-2 高雄西段左營各站.............50
5-3 橫濱東橫線地下化............52
5-4 JR京都車站車站開發.............53

第六章 永康火車站及周邊市區之都市設計構想.......55
6-1 地下路廊東移契合既有鐵路運輸需求..........55
6-2 縫合街道網絡整合市區發展...........58
6-3 設置林蔭道改善臺南聯外交通...........61
6-4 整合開放空間與綠地系統提昇環境品質........64
6-5 更新老舊工業區塑造永康新願景...........70

第七章 主體車站建築的之實體設計..........73
7-1 車站建築的基本構思.............73
7-2 內部空間的佈局與組合...........76
7-3 建築的外觀設計..............81
7-4 各樓層空間的垂直關係...........82
7-5 建築結構系統分析............85
7-6 建築法規的檢視..............86

第八章 結語..............87

參考文獻...............89
中文專書
研究論文
網站資料

附錄................91
全區規劃及建築細部模型....... .......91
相關圖說細部說明....... ........94
參考文獻 中文學位論文
1.陳嘉雯,《永康市地方文化產業發展與都市意象之研究》,國立臺南大學文化與自然資源學系研究所碩士論文,2011。
2.陳麗年,《荷鄭以來永康的發展與演變》,國立臺南大學台灣文化研究所碩士論文,2010。


中文書籍
1.廖宜方,《圖解臺灣史》,2005。
2.劉大石,《臺南縣鄉土史料》<耆老口述歷史叢書二十四>(第十六組-永康市),臺灣省文獻委員會主辦,2000,頁864。
3.許永泉,《臺南縣鄉土史料》<耆老口述歷史叢書二十四>(第十六組-永康市),臺灣省文獻委員會主辦,2000,頁864。
4.林能治,《臺南縣鄉土史料》<耆老口述歷史叢書二十四>(第十六組-永康市),臺灣省文獻委員會主辦,2000,頁864。
5.台灣省政府住宅及都市發展局,《永康鄉綜合發展計畫》,1986。
6.台灣省政府住宅及都市發展局,《高速公路永康交流道特定區計畫書》,1981。
7.永康市公所,《永康市整體造鎮計畫規劃案》,2004。


網站資料
1.內政部(2015),市區道路及附屬工程設計規範,參考來源:
https://www.cpami.gov.tw/最新消息/法規公告/10391-市區道路及附屬工程設計規範.html
2.交通部鐵路改建工程局(2011),鐵路車站旅運與站務設施設計注意事項,參考來源:
http://ocw.knu.edu.tw/sysdata/doc/2/24eec691ceadc32c/pdf.pdf
3.政府資料開放平台(2019),各等級鐵路車站基本設施,參考來源:
https://data.gov.tw/dataset/96919
4.交通部臺灣鐵路管理局(2018),交通部臺灣鐵路管理局鐵路建設作業程序,參考來源:
https://tip.railway.gov.tw/tra-tip-web/tip/file/b6f243c3-b348-4bc3-b83d-7cf804d4bfcd
5.永康區公所網站
https://www.yongkangcity.gov.tw/
6.交通部鐵路改建工程局(2010),2010鐵路高架化後橋下空間規劃與利用及車站設施通用設計出國考察報告,參考來源:
https://report.nat.gov.tw/ReportFront/PageSystem/reportFileDownload/C09904102/004
7.交通部鐵路改建工程局(2012.09.27),「臺南市區鐵路地下化計畫」路線規劃、施工方式、用地範圍、建物及交通相關事項說明
http://underground.tainan.gov.tw/project.asp?id=1
8.交通部鐵道局(2019.10.23),「臺南鐵路立體化延伸至善化地區計畫規劃作業」計畫介紹
https://www.rb.gov.tw/showpage.php?lmenuid=3&smenuid=84&tmenuid=199&pagetype=
9.交通部(2017.7),前瞻基礎建設─軌道建設:臺南市區鐵路地下化計畫核定本
10.交通部鐵路改建工程局(102.10.18),臺南市區鐵路地下化-專案說明簡報
http://underground.tainan.gov.tw/focus.asp?mid=13
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