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系統識別號 U0026-0709201201442700
論文名稱(中文) 長期練習瑜珈的中年女性其平衡能力之探討
論文名稱(英文) The investigation of balance ability in middle-aged females for long-term yoga practice
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 體育健康與休閒研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Physical Education, Health & Leisure Studies
學年度 100
學期 2
出版年 101
研究生(中文) 陳琬茹
研究生(英文) Wan-Ju Chen
學號 RB6981017
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 49頁
口試委員 口試委員-涂瑞洪
口試委員-劉于詮
口試委員-邱宏達
指導教授-鄭匡佑
中文關鍵字 瑜珈  平衡  中年女性 
英文關鍵字 yoga  balance  middle-aged females 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本研究旨在探討長期瑜珈訓練的中年女性,其平衡感與同年齡層無規律運動習慣女性的差別。研究對象以 12 名年齡為 40 到 60 歲其從事哈達瑜珈運動五年以上的女性,現今仍維持一週至少有三次,一次至少 60 分鐘以上的瑜珈運動習慣;控制組則為 12 名同年齡層,但平常無固定運動習慣的受試者。以 Biodex Balance System SD 平衡評估儀,測試張眼、閉眼情境,雙腳站和單腳站在靜、動態下其姿勢穩定度,及雙腳站在靜、動態下其穩定限度。結果發現,長期練習瑜珈組,其雙腳站在開眼等級12 的整體穩定指數、內外穩定指數、閉眼等級 12 的整體穩定指數、前後穩定指數、及閉眼等級 10 的整體穩定指數;慣用腳單腳站在閉眼靜態的整體穩定指數、內外穩定指數、閉眼等級 12 的整體穩定指數、前後穩定指數、及開眼等級 10 的整體穩定指數,比無規律運動控制組,擁有較好的姿勢穩定度。長期練習瑜珈組,比起無規律運動控制組,在 75% 穩定限度等級 12 的情境下,所花費的時間較少,往前、往左方向控制較好;而在 100% 穩定限度等級 10 的情境下,其往左方向的控制較佳。故推測長期練習瑜珈者有較好的姿勢控制與重心轉移能力,若持續練習瑜珈到老年,也許可減少跌倒風險。
英文摘要 This study aimed to compare balance ability of middle-aged females with and without long-term yoga practice. The yoga group contained 12 females with more than 5 years of yoga experience, and currently still practice yoga at least three times a week, 60 minutes a session. Subjects in the control group are around the same age of the yoga group but have no regular exercise habits. We measured the sway index with Biodex Balance System SD under different conditions including bilateral, dominant, and non-dominant single leg stance with eyes-open and eyes-closed conditions. The participants tried to maintain postural stability on either a static or dynamic surface. The bilateral stance results showed that there were significant differences in OSI、MLSI score between yoga and control groups at Level 12 in the eyes-open condition, and the OSI、APSI scores at level 12 & the OSI score at level 10 in the eyes-closed condition. The dominant-leg stance results showed that there were significant differences in OSI、MLSI scores between the yoga and control groups at static, OSI、APSI scores at level 12 in the eyes-closed condition, and OSI score at level 10 in the eye-open condition. It was concluded that long-term Yoga practice can result in better postural stability. The results of reducing risks in falls may also be applied to older seniors with regular yoga practice.
論文目次 摘要 ....................................................I
Abstract................................................II
誌謝 ..................................................III
第壹章 緒論 ...........................................1
第一節 前言與問題背景................................. 1
第二節 研究目的....................................... 2
第三節 研究假設....................................... 3
第四節 研究限制....................................... 3
第五節 名詞解釋....................................... 4
第貳章 文獻探討 .......................................5
第一節 瑜珈........................................... 5
第二節 平衡........................................... 8
第三節 瑜珈與平衡.................................... 13
第四節 總結.......................................... 15
第參章 研究方法 ......................................16
第一節 研究對象...................................... 16
第二節 儀器設備...................................... 17
第三節 實驗流程...................................... 18
第四節 統計分析...................................... 20
第肆章 結果 ..........................................21
第一節 受試者基本資料分析............................ 21
第二節 瑜珈組與控制組之姿勢穩定度.................... 22
第三節 瑜珈組與控制組之穩定限度...................... 26
第四節 瑜珈組慣用腳、非慣用腳單腳站之姿勢穩定度...... 30
第五節 控制組慣用腳、非慣用腳單腳站之姿勢穩定度...... 32
第伍章 討論 ..........................................34
第一節 受試者基本資料................................ 34
第二節 瑜珈組與控制組之姿勢穩定度.................... 36
第三節 瑜珈組與控制組之穩定限度...................... 38
第四節 慣用腳、非慣用腳單腳站之差異.................. 39
第陸章 結論與建議 ....................................41
第一節 結論.......................................... 41
第二節 建議.......................................... 42
參考文獻 ...............................................43
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