進階搜尋


   電子論文尚未授權公開,紙本請查館藏目錄
(※如查詢不到或館藏狀況顯示「閉架不公開」,表示該本論文不在書庫,無法取用。)
系統識別號 U0026-0708202018590000
論文名稱(中文) 公路邊坡擋土支撐系統監測與預警系統發展
論文名稱(英文) Development of a Monitoring and Warning System for Slope Retaining System
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 土木工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Civil Engineering
學年度 108
學期 2
出版年 109
研究生(中文) 張弘杰
研究生(英文) Hung-Chieh Chang
學號 N66071215
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 131頁
口試委員 指導教授-張文忠
口試委員-倪勝火
口試委員-黃安斌
口試委員-陳家漢
口試委員-吳建宏
中文關鍵字 邊坡擋土支撐系統  邊坡穩定  水力力學耦合分析  即時監測系統  物聯網監測 
英文關鍵字 Slope retaining system  Slope stability  Couple hydro-mechanical  Real-time monitoring  Internet of Things 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本研究以自主研發之物聯網架構感測模組,搭配水力力學耦合及土壤結構互制數值分析工具,發展新世代含擋土支撐系統之公路邊坡雲端監測預警系統,以網頁形式將即時監測資料與預警值展示於雲端。新一代物聯網監測系統相較於傳統監測在耗能、成本、便利、即時性及人力資源上都有相當優勢,而傳統監測預警指標多採經驗法訂定警戒值,此類方法具有簡易應用之特性,但對重要場址預警準確率仍可提升。本研究以基於嚴謹力學基礎之數值分析軟體進行考慮擋土系統之邊坡穩定性分析,同時考量地下水位升降及降雨入滲引致非飽和土壤基質吸力下降對邊坡穩定性之影響,結合邊坡水力力學耦合分析,進行邊坡擋土支撐系統於不同破壞機制下土壤結構互制之反應分析,模擬場址於不同條件下之破壞過程,訂定在不同破壞機制下場址之客製化預警指標,並考慮嚴謹力學分析與場址特性之架構下,增進預警系統之可靠性,同時結合物聯網雲端技術,發展新世代公路邊坡即時監測預警架構。
英文摘要 This study uses IoT-based sensing modules integrated with the numerical analysis dealing with coupled hydro-mechanical phenomena on soil-structure interactions to develop an innovative cloud warning system on highway slope retaining systems. Comparing with traditional monitoring, the new IoT-based system is superior in terms of energy consumption, hardware cost, installation convenience, and real-time updating. Current practice in slope retaining system is mainly based on empirical basis due to the simplicity.
For critical sites, the accuracy and reliability might not meet the demand. This study used numerical tools based on rigorous hydraulic and mechanical analyses to conduct stability analysis on slope retaining systems. Both potential failures triggered by ground water rising and surface infiltration within unsaturated zone are considered. Consequently, the ground water level and water contents are two mainly properties for warning. The failure process of retaining systems by different failure mechanisms are simulated to subjectively determine the warning values in different failure cases. Because both rigorous analyses and real-time monitoring on triggering properties are considered, the proposed warning framework can potentially enhance the reliability of the warning on slope retaining systems.
論文目次 摘要 II
Abstract III
致謝 IX
目錄 X
表目錄 XII
圖目錄 XIII
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究背景與目的 1
1-2 研究架構、對象 2
第二章 文獻回顧 4
2-1邊坡及擋土支撐破壞 4
2-2邊坡穩定性分析 10
2-3擋土結構物穩定性分析 13
2-4降雨入滲與滲流行為 16
2-5非飽和土壤性質與強度 20
2-6坡地監測與預警系統 24
第三章 物聯網即時監測系統 29
3-1 系統架構 29
3-2 系統感測器 30
3-3 系統組成 34
3-4 系統監測模組 41
3-5即時監測平台 44
第四章 邊坡擋土系統數值分析架構 52
4-1分析程式 54
4-2 總體滑動穩定分析 60
4-3 局部擋土系統穩定分析 63
第五章 擋土監測與預警系統 75
5-1 場址一、台20線52公里處 75
5-2 場址二、南市道175線25公里處 101
5-3 即時監測及預警平台 127
第六章 結論與建議 129
6-1結論 129
6-2建議 131
參考文獻 Ref-1
附錄、FLAC於現地場址分析結果 App-1
參考文獻 內政部,2001,建築物基礎構造設計規範,內政部建築研究所出版。
內政部,2008,建築物基礎施工災害監測系統配置基準之研究,內政部建築研究所出版。
青山工程,2017,市道174線50 K+500地滑調查及邊坡監測等評估服務工作成果報告,台南市政府工務局。
青山工程,2018,台20 線52k+150 路基保護工程委託地滑調查、測量及設計服務監測總成果報告,台南市政府工務局。
邱心彥,2019,考慮土壤結構互制效應之邊坡擋土系統即時監測與預警,成功大學土木工程學系,碩士論文。
周仕勳,2019,水利力學耦合分析應用於降雨引致土壤邊坡破壞之依時預警,成功大學土木工程學系,博士論文。
林柏維、孫淑霞、黃立遠,2016,山坡地防災預警與監測系統,台北市工務局大地工程處出版。
吳順天、高永濤、王金安,2006,坡間路基擋土牆雙錨建設方案評估及參數優化數值模擬,岩土工程學報,第28卷第三期,第332-336頁。
洪芯琦,2018,崩積層邊坡滑動即時雲端監測系統研發,成功大學土木工程學系,碩士論文。
倪勝火,2013,暴雨下非飽和土壤公路邊坡之破壞機制監測與分析-總計畫(2/2),行政院國家科學委員會補助專題研究計畫,期末報告。
張文忠、黃安斌、陳志芳、謝明志、許智超,2016,公路邊坡崩塌監測之無線感測模組研發(2/2),交通部運輸研究所,研究報告
連惠邦,2017,土砂災害與防治,五南出版社,教科書。
黄安斌、林志平、廖志中,2002,先進邊坡監測系統研發,中國土木水利學會會刊, 第二十九卷第二期,第65-78頁。
廖洪鈞、張光甫,1998,地錨設計與施工規範之探討,地工技術,第70卷,第75-91頁。
Adam, D., Markiewicz, R., & Brunner, M. (2011). Block-in-matrix structure–tunneling in hard soil and/or weak rock. In Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, 607-1614.
Bjerrum, L. (1963). Allowable settlement of structures. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 3rd European Conference on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Wiesbaden, Germany.
Bodman, G., & Colman, E. (1944). Moisture and Energy Conditions during Downward Entry of Water Into Soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 8(C), 116-122.
Brand, E. (1985). Predicting the performance of residual soil slopes. Paper presented at the Proceedings 11th Int. Conf. Soil Mech. & Found. Engineering. San Francisco.
Fredlund, D., Morgenstern, N. R., & Widger, R. (1978). The shear strength of unsaturated soils. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 15(3), 313-321.
Fredlund, D., Xing, A., Fredlund, M., & Barbour, S. (1996). The relationship of the unsaturated soil shear strength to the soil-water characteristic curve. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 33(3), 440-448.
Fredlund, D. G. (2006). Unsaturated Soil Mechanics in Engineering Practice. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 132(3), 286-321.
Fredlund, D. G., & Rahardjo, H. (1993). Soil mechanics for unsaturated soils: John Wiley & Sons.
Itasca Consulting Group, Inc. (2011). FLAC-Fast Lagrangian Analysis of Continua, Ver. 7.0 User’s Guild. Minneapolis Itasca.
Lumb, P. (1962). Effect of rain storms on slope stability: Local Property & Printing Company, Limited.
Mein, R. G., & Larson, C. L. (1973). Modeling infiltration during a steady rain. Water Resources Research, 9(2), 384-394.
Panini, F., Cambuli, P., Giordanella, M., Marquez, I., & Odetto, G. (2020). Stability of a retaining wall in severe hydraulic conditions (Northern Italy). Applied Numerical Modeling in Geomechanics-2020.
Reese, L. C., Cox, W. R., & Koop, F. D. (1974). Analysis of laterally loaded piles in sand. Offshore technology in civil engineering hall of fame papers from the early years, 95-105.
Uchimura, T., Towhata, I., Anh, T. T. L., Fukuda, J., Bautista, C. J., Wang, L., & Ito, Y. (2010). Simple monitoring method for precaution of landslides watching tilting and water contents on slopes surface. Landslides, 7(3), 351-357.
Uchimura, T., Wang, L., Yamaguchi, H., Nishie, S., Eto, I., Tao, S., & Chen, C.-W. (2015). Multi-point monitoring of unstable slope with low cost sensor network. Japanese Geotechnical Society Special Publication, 1(7), 29-33.
Van Genuchten, M. T. (1980). A closed‐form equation for predicting the hydraulic conductivity of unsaturated soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 44(5), 892-898.
Varnes, D. J. (1978). Slope movement types and processes. Special report, 176, 11-33.
Zhu, Y. p., Wei, Z. h., & Zhu, Q. h. (2020). Application research of a prestressed anchor cable‐pile‐slab wall supporting structure for multistage high fill slopes. Engineering Reports, 2(2), e12120.
論文全文使用權限
  • 同意授權校內瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2023-09-01起公開。
  • 同意授權校外瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2023-09-01起公開。


  • 如您有疑問,請聯絡圖書館
    聯絡電話:(06)2757575#65773
    聯絡E-mail:etds@email.ncku.edu.tw