系統識別號 U0026-0708201902454900
論文名稱(中文) 利用衛星高度計資料研究颱風波高分布
論文名稱(英文) A Study on the Wave Height Distribution during Typhoon Period by Altimeter Data
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 水利及海洋工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Hydraulics & Ocean Engineering
學年度 107
學期 2
出版年 108
研究生(中文) 林沛臻
研究生(英文) Pei-Chen Lin
學號 N86064212
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 88頁
口試委員 指導教授-董東璟
中文關鍵字 衛星高度計  最大風速半徑  波高分布  颱風 
英文關鍵字 satellite altimeter  maximum wind speed radius  wave height distribution  typhoon 
中文摘要 本文利用衛星高度計資料分析颱風最大風速半徑八倍內之波高空間分布,分析澳大利亞海洋資料網(AODN)所提供之178663筆衛星高度計資料,並與位於外洋海域的台東外洋浮標和東沙浮標資料進行驗證。研究結果顯示:衛星高度計反算之波高和實測值之相關性達0.9以上,週期相關性達0.8以上,顯示使用衛星高度計在波高分布的研究上具有可靠性。本文以颱風期間最大波高以及最大風速半徑為無因次參數從事颱風波高分布研究,首先驗證了Willoughby and Rahn(2004)所提出的颱風最大風速半徑估算經驗式最合理,本文再分析依颱風強度與前進速度分類探討颱風最大風速半徑八倍內之波高分布,結果顯示,颱風波高分布型態受颱風移動速度影響大,當移動速度較小時,最大波高出現在颱風第一象限;當移動速度較快時,最大波高則出現在第四象限,此結果與前人在較強颱風且移動速度慢條件下所提出之波高分布不同,可能原因是過去之颱風波高分布係使用模型風場模擬所得,本文則是使用衛星高度計觀測之實際風場,分析所得之波高分布應具有較高可信度。
英文摘要 The spatial distribution of wave height within eight times the maximum wind speed radius of the typhoon had been discuss in this study by using altimeter data. The satellite altimeter data provide by Australian Ocean Data Network portal (AODN). The AODN data base collects 13 altimeter data. The total length of data is 33 years. The buoy data (Taitung Open sea and Dongsha) had been used to verified wave height, wave period and wind speed obtain from AODN. The maximum wind speed empirical formulas were discussed in this study. Comparison with JTWC best track typhoon data, the best empirical formula was proposed by Willoughby and Rahn (2004). According to the classification of typhoon intensity and forward speed, the wave height distribution show that the pattern is greatly affected by the typhoon forward speed. When the moving speed is slow, the maximum wave height appears in the forward right quadrant of the typhoon; when the forward movement increase, the maximum wave height appears in the rear right quadrant. Compared with Young (1988), the wave height distribution obtained by the satellite altimeter is different under the condition of strong typhoon and slow moving speed. The possible reason is that Young (1988) obtain the typhoon wave height distribution by using wave model with analytic model of typhoon wind field. The wave data collected from altimeter leads to a high reliability of the wave height distribution.
論文目次 摘要 I
目錄 IX
圖目錄 XI
表目錄 XIV
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究動機與目的 1
1-2 文獻回顧 3
1-3 本文架構 6
第二章 衛星高度計介紹 7
2-1 遙測技術與衛星高度計介紹 7
2-1-1 遙測技術簡介 7
2-1-2 衛星高度計發展背景 11
2-1-3 衛星高度計特性 13
2-2 衛星高度計反算波浪原理 16
2-3 衛星高度計資料庫 20
第三章 高度計反算波浪驗證結果 24
3-1 本文使用資料 24
3-1-1 高度計資料 24
3-1-2 現場觀測資料 29
3-2 波高驗證結果 31
3-3 風速驗證結果 33
3-4 週期驗證結果 37
第四章 颱風波高分佈 39
4-1 西北太平洋颱風 39
4-1-1 颱風統計 39
4-1-2 最大風速半徑決定 44
4-2 資料選取原則與正規化 50
4-3 颱風波高分布結果 57
4-3-1 颱風波高與風速分布 57
4-3-2 與前人結果比較 65
4-4 討論 73
第五章 結論與建議 78
5-1 結論 78
5-2 建議 79
參考文獻 80
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