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系統識別號 U0026-0701201217492900
論文名稱(中文) 比利時與台灣組織中的德行領導:個人特性與文化價值觀之交互作用模式
論文名稱(英文) Moral leadership in Belgium and Taiwan organizations: An interaction model of individual characteristics and cultural values
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 心理學系認知科學碩士班
系所名稱(英) MS in Cognitive Science
學年度 100
學期 1
出版年 100
研究生(中文) 濱本嘉玲
研究生(英文) Karen Hamamoto
學號 u76987016
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 97頁
口試委員 口試委員-任金剛
指導教授-周麗芳
口試委員-胡中凡
中文關鍵字 德行領導  金錢觀  馬基維利主義  文化價值觀 
英文關鍵字 Moral leadership  The love of money  Machiavellianism  Cultural values 
學科別分類
中文摘要 領導者的道德與操守不僅受到中西方學者的重視、也成爲管理實務的重要課題。領導者是部屬的重要學習典範,因此應該對自身的道德角色與行爲加以自律。然而,相對於其他的領導研究,道德相關的領導研究仍屬少數。過去雖有許多領導者的道德作爲主題的研究,但多著重於領導行爲與效能,而忽略領導者的個人特性或是文化價值觀等個人層面的因素會如何影響德行領導行爲。故本研究回顧過去相關文獻,探討領導者的個人特性(金錢觀與馬基維利主義)和文化價值觀(集體主義)與德行領導間的關聯性。
本研究採取問卷調查法的方式來蒐集資料,以比利時293對領導者-部屬、與台灣195對領導者部屬對偶資料為樣本。經統計分析後,結果發現:(1)不論是台灣或是比利時樣本,領導者之金錢觀、馬基維利主義、及集體主義價值觀,與其德行領導間具有顯著關聯性;(2)台灣樣本之領導者,金錢觀與馬基維利主義對德行領導具有二階交互作用,馬基維利主義越低,越會強化金錢觀對德行領導的負向作用;(3)比利時樣本之領導者,金錢觀、馬基維利主義與集體主義對德行領導具有三階交互作用,高集體主義在金錢觀、馬基維利主義與德行領導間具有互補的作用,能消弱金錢觀與馬基維利主義對德行領導的負向影響。
最後,針對研究結果進行討論,並對研究限制及未來研究方向加以闡述。
英文摘要 The morals / ethics of leaders became a critical issue in business organizations. Every organization leader needs to be responsible for society and subordinates. Leader’s morality-related behavior has far-reaching impact on subordinate. Leader must realize the importance of modeling moral leadership to their followers. But there were some limitations in previous studies. Compared to other leadership studies, ethics and morality-related leadership were few, and they also ignored the impact of leader’s individual characteristics and cultural differences on ethics and morality-related leadership behavior.
Using 99 Belgium supervisors and 71 Taiwan supervisors as sample, we explored how leader’s individual characteristics (the love of money and machiavellianism) and cultural values (collectivism) related moral leadership behaviors (rated by their direct subordinates). Results found that: (1) neither individual characteristics nor cultural values relates significantly moral leadership behavior; (2) in Taiwan, low machiavellianism strengthens the negative interaction of the love of money on moral leadership; (3) in Belgium, high collectivism weakness the negative interaction of the love of money and machiavellianism on moral leadership.
Finally, contributions, limitations and future directions were discussed.
論文目次 中文摘要Ⅰ
英文摘要Ⅱ
誌謝Ⅲ
目錄Ⅳ
表目錄Ⅴ
圖目錄Ⅵ

第一章 研究動機與目的1

第二章 文獻探討
第一節 北美道德領導之相關研究7
第二節 華人之德行領導相關研究14
第三節 計劃學習理論19
第四節 個人特性與德行領導22
第五節 文化與德行領導27
第六節 個人特性、個人主義-集體主義(文化價值觀)與德行領導33

第三章 研究方法
第一節 研究樣本37
第二節 研究工具40
第三節 統計分析45

第四章 研究結果
第一節 驗證式因素分析47
第二節 相關分析49
第三節 獨立樣本之t檢定50
第四節 階層線性模式分析51

第五章 討論與建議
第一節 研究結果與討論58
第二節 研究限制66
第三節 未來研究方向68
第四節 管理實務意涵70

參考文獻
中文文獻71
英文文獻73

附錄
中文問卷86
英文問卷92
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