||Participatory Green Infrastructure Planning: Phimai Community, Thailand
||Department of Urban Planning
This research aimed to create planning configuration for controlling physical development in landscape level of local administrative organizations in Thailand by integrating the green infrastructure planning which concerns the balance between nature conservation in the local community and the local development focusing on the benefits and quality of life of the locals and maintaining utilization of natural conditions in the area.
The research methodology consisted of, firstly, literature review about green infrastructure planning theory in the United States, European countries, and other successful Asian countries. Secondly, a preliminary research was conducted, especially the research and survey about the case study town, Phimai, one of the oldest historical settlement in Thailand. The data about the development of the area was analyzed based on urban morphology theory in order to verify the cause of the present area. Suggestions were then proposed according to the concept of green infrastructure planning. A survey was subsequently undertaken about the understanding in and awareness of green infrastructure among people in the study area using a questionnaire. Participatory planning was applied in the actual study area to create the tool that can really control development in the area. Finally, the suggestions for developing other areas with similar environmental conditions were concluded in order.
The research revealed that green infrastructure planning for an area had the following key elements: hubs, links or corridors, and sites. For this specific study area, it was necessary to first build the corridors to interconnect other important areas to improve the quality of local environment. The participatory planning was in trial use to create collaboration among local organizations to establish a tool for control the area development. The tool was the local legislation that focused on creating greenways for the area, as well as the measures to control and promote development according to the existing law. The trial use revealed that it is possible to enforce the local legislation. However, the obstacle was the delay of enforcement through central government system which required a lot of time and complicated process, which may probably too late to address the development problems of the area.
QUALIFICATION CERTIFICATE I
TABLE OF CONTENTS IV
LIST OF TABLES VII
LIST OF FIGURES X
1. INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 DOMAIN OF INQUARY 1
1.2 AIM AND RESEARCH QUESTIONS 2
1.3 METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH 4
1.4 STUDY AREA 6
1.5 OVERVIEW OF STUDY 7
2. REVIEW OF RELEVANT LITERATURE 9
2.1 ECOLOGICAL LAND USE PLANING CONCERN 9
2.2 DEVELOPMENT OF GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE 15
2.3 FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE 17
2.4 BENEFITS OF GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE FOR URBAN ENVIRONMENT 18
2.5 ADAPTATION TO COPE WITH WEATHER-RELATED DISASTER USING GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE 19
2.6 GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE ASSESSMENT CRITERIA TO DECIDE ON PLANNING THE GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE FOR THE LOCAL AREA 23
2.7 DEVELOPMENT OF INFRASTRUCTURE AND TOWN PLANNING IN THAILAND 25
2.8 CONCLUSION 35
3. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 36
3.1 POPULATION AND SAMPLES 36
3.2 SOURCES OF DATA AND DATA COLLECTION METHODS 36
3.3 RESEARCH TOOL 37
3.4 RESEARCH PROCESS 38
3.5 DATA ANALYSIS METHODS 39
4. PHIMAI CONTEXT AND GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE APPROACH 41
4.1 PHIMAI’S HISTORY AND BACKGROUND 41
4.2 GENERAL INFORMATION 48
4.3 PHIMAI ISSUES 69
4.4 PHIMAI’S GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE APPROACH 71
5. PARTICIPATORY GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE PLANNING FOR PHIMAI 86
5.1 THE COMMENTS OF LOCAL PEOPLE TOWARD ECOLOGICAL NETWORK 86
5.2 GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE WITH PARTICIPATION IN PLANNING BY THE LOCAL COMMUNITY 91
5.3 LOCAL LEGISLATION APPLIED FROM GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE CONCEPT 105
5.4 CONTRIBUTION OF PARTICIPATIVE GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE PLANNING 114
5.5 CONCLUSION 115
6. FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION 116
6.1 RESEARCH FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION 116
6.2 THE PROCESS OF PARTICIPATORY GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE PLANNING 119
6.3 CONCLUSION OF THE IMPLEMENTATION 120
7. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS 121
7.1 RESEARCH FINDING 121
7.2 LESSON LEARN FROM CASE STUDY 124
7.3 RECOMMENDATIONS 129
7.4 CONCLUSION 131
APPENDIX –A QUESTIONNAIRE 138
APPENDIX – B PHIMAI LAND USE LEGISLATION (THAI VERSION) 144
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