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系統識別號 U0026-0609201600361600
論文名稱(中文) 合作式數位遊戲為基之適性化社會互動能力提升方法與技術開發
論文名稱(英文) Collaborative Digital Game-based Adaptive Method and Technology for Promoting Social Interaction Skills
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 製造資訊與系統研究所
系所名稱(英) Institue of Manufacturing Information and Systems
學年度 104
學期 2
出版年 105
研究生(中文) 邱健維
研究生(英文) Chien-Wei Chiu
學號 P96034139
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 116頁
口試委員 指導教授-陳裕民
共同指導教授-朱慧娟
口試委員-廖敏如
中文關鍵字 自閉症  社會互動  數位學習  適性化學習  合作學習 
英文關鍵字 Autism  Social Interaction  E-learning  Adaptive learning  Collaborative learning 
學科別分類
中文摘要 近年來自閉症的發生率居高不下,且有不斷增長的趨勢,許多先進國家因為教育均等理念的影響,開始逐漸重視自閉症的議題。自閉症其核心缺陷為「社會互動能力不足」,社會互動能力不足可能導致各種不良的後果,亦無法與他人正常互動。因此,如何提升自閉症者的社會互動能力,就是改善自閉症缺陷的關鍵因素。
隨著資訊科技的進步,不僅帶來生活的便利,也改變了教育與學習的方式,更萌生了數位學習的潮流。許多研究顯示,數位學習應用於自閉症學生有不錯的成效,自閉症學生的學習方式以及學習的工具也逐漸地往數位化的方向邁進,但是自閉症學生在身心發展和學習等方面的特質有別於一般學生,因此,針對自閉症學生的個別差異而給予適性化的學習或是教學內容,就顯得相當重要。
有鑑於此,本研究以提升自閉症學生之社會互動能力為目標,參考數位學習、合作學習及適性化學習等理論,發展一適性化社會互動能力提升方法,並依此建構一適性化社會互動能力學習平台,且針對自閉症學生的特質與缺陷,結合遊戲學習與合作學習,並輔以成語情境,設計學習課程,教導自閉症學生學習互動技能與成語釋義;以自閉症學生的學習風格做為適性化學習的依據,整合簡單貝氏分類法,建置一虛擬代理人,由虛擬代理人給予自閉症學生適當的輔導課程,進行問題行為的輔導,改善其問題行為。
最後,透過實驗驗證本研究所提出之適性化社會互動能力提升方法能有效的提升自閉症學生的社會互動能力;且本研究所提之適性化輔導課程決策方法,能夠針對自閉症學生的特質決策出適合學生的輔導課程,達到適性化學習的目的。
英文摘要 Autistic characteristics vary with age and intelligence, but they have one thing in common--“deficits in social interaction ability”--the key reason for which is their lack of cognitive empathy and social interaction skills as confirmed by many studies. Several studies also have confirmed that e-learning is an unmistakable trend. In addition, administering e-learning to students with autism is effective. Therefore, this study aims to improve autistic students’ social interaction ability. Thus developing a collaborative digital game-based adaptive method for promoting social interaction skills as well as its implementation technology and system are requisite. The purpose of this study develops an adaptive learning process based on learning theory in collaborative game-based e-learning environment, which meets the special needs of students with autism. Finally, through a series of experiments, it’s found through experiments that collaborative digital game-based adaptive method for promoting social interaction skills can effectively improve autistic students’ social interaction skills. Besides, adaptive decision-making method of counseling course mentioned in this study has also been proved that can plan courses and provide adaptive personalized teaching content effectively.
論文目次 摘要 I
Abstract II
誌謝 VIII
目錄 IX
表目錄 XI
圖目錄 XII
第一章、緒論 1
1.1研究背景 1
1.2研究動機 2
1.3研究目的 6
1.4問題分析 6
1.5研究項目與方法 6
第二章、文獻探討 8
2.1自閉症學生之認知特質、社會互動能力 8
2.2心智理論 10
2.3社會互動技能 11
2.4合作學習 12
2.5數位合作學習 19
2.6遊戲本位學習 20
2.7適性化學習 21
2.8虛擬學習環境 26
2.9簡單貝氏分類法 27
第三章、方法設計與技術開發 30
3.1適性化社會互動能力提升方法設計 30
3.2學習課程與輔導課程設計 35
3.2.1學習課程設計 35
3.2.2輔導課程設計 38
3.3適性化輔導課程決策方法設計 41
3.3.1學習風格特徵建構 41
3.3.2簡單貝氏分類器訓練 42
3.3.3分類器正確性評估 44
3.3.4輔導策略決策 45
第四章、平台開發與驗證 48
4.1適性化社會互動能力學習平台設計 48
4.2實作環境介紹與系統功能展示 51
4.2.1實作環境 51
4.2.2系統功能展示 52
4.3實驗與分析 69
4.3.1研究對象 69
4.3.2實驗設計 73
4.3.3結果分析 77
第五章、結論與建議 91
5.1結論 91
5.2討論 92
5.3建議與未來方向 94
參考文獻 96
附錄一:學習風格量表 110
附錄二:同理心量表 112
附錄三:社會行為觀察量表 115
附錄四:家長同意書 116
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