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論文名稱(中文) 太陽能板表面落塵對其效率影響之實驗分析
論文名稱(英文) Field Test of Soiling Effect on Glazed Solar Panel
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 航空太空工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Aeronautics & Astronautics
學年度 106
學期 2
出版年 107
研究生(中文) 陳建霖
研究生(英文) Jian-Lin Chen
學號 P46054105
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 71頁
口試委員 指導教授-張克勤
口試委員-李約亨
口試委員-鍾光民
口試委員-楊儒
中文關鍵字 太陽能  自然落塵  穿透率減少  戶外實驗 
英文關鍵字 solar energy  dust deposition  reduction of transmittance  field test 
學科別分類
中文摘要 落塵堆積於太陽能板表面使得玻璃罩穿透率降低,隨著時間會讓落塵堆積導致太陽能板的效率損失;而臺灣少有相關的研究可以提供落塵堆積與太陽能板效率損失的關係,由於落塵對於穿透率的影響在不同的氣候帶與地區不盡相同,在臺灣需要在地戶外實驗數據舉證說明落塵對於穿透率的影響。本研究的目的為在臺灣的環境將玻璃樣本放置於戶外,改變不同的實驗變因,觀察自然落塵、氣候、實驗變因間的關係,進而發展在臺灣較為可信的落塵與穿透率的變化式子,期能據以提供較佳的架設方式與表面塗層選擇,並能選擇適當的時間清理太陽能系統上之落塵。
本研究於2017年1月到2018年5月於臺南市歸仁區設置戶外實驗設備,將不同表面塗層、傾斜角度、玻璃尺寸的玻璃放置於戶外,每兩週進行一次量測;同時量測不同條件玻璃樣本上的落塵重量、穿透率變化,並利用光電板的輸出功率比較不同表面塗層對光電系統的整體輸出影響。
本研究中蒐集到的單位面積落塵量 (W_d) 介於0 ~ 1.88 g/m^2 間,並且W_d 與降水量、降水分布密切相關;雨季時穿透率減少集中在5%上下,乾季時則有機會高達21%。本研究選用的塗層當中,除塵能力以二氧化鈦光觸媒最佳,在乾季時平均能減少12%的自然落塵量,但二氧化鈦光觸媒穿透率會減少0.5 ~ 1%;傾斜角度為23°的樣本較水平擺放的樣本能減少25~30%的落塵量。本研究選用的玻璃尺寸中,尺寸較大時會蒐集到較高的單位面積自然落塵,然而此項結果有待進一步驗證。根據降水分布與落塵量的觀察,建議若連續30日未降雨則有必要對太陽能系統表面的落塵進行清理工作。
英文摘要 The energy output delivered by photovoltaic module or solar thermal collector is highly dependent on how much the irradiance can reach the panel. The efficiency of the system relies on its design. However, most studies have calculated power output based on the ideal situation, that is, clean surface of the panel. One critical factor is that the output of solar system will decline as suspended dust is deposited on the cover of the solar panel.
In order to investigate the effects of dust soiling, a set of glass samples was placed at the Gurien campus of National Cheng Kung University. Three factors were considered: surface modification, size, and tilt angle. Knowing how these factors influence dust deposition helps determine a better design for a specific location.
It was found that the average transmittance reduction for the tilted glass samples is 3.38% and is 7.29% in the dry season (October to April) and in rainy season (May to September), respectively.
Among the four coatings under consideration, the anti-reflection coating performed the best due to having the highest initial transmittance while the TiO2 coating performed the worst. Tilt angle was found to have a significant influence on dust soiling, where a larger tilt angle resulted in less dust being deposited.
As for the sample size, size and dust deposition have an obvious positive relation, where in this study, the side length of the square glass ranged between 50 mm to 300 mm.
Based on the observations of precipitation and dust deposition, if there is no rain for a whole month, it is recommended that the surface of the solar panel be cleaned to recover the transmittance to high value.
論文目次 中文摘要 I
Abstract II
致謝 X
目錄 XI
表目錄 XIV
圖目錄 XV
符號說明 XVIII
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 研究動機與目的 2
1.3 文獻回顧 3
1.3.1 理論分析 3
1.3.2 室內模擬 5
1.3.3 戶外實驗 6
第二章 實驗設備與方法 9
2.1 實驗設備與儀器 9
2.1.1 玻璃樣本 9
2.1.2 玻璃表面塗層 9
2.1.3 玻璃型架 9
2.1.4 太陽能光電板 10
2.1.5 電子天平 10
2.1.6 太陽光模擬器 10
2.1.7 分光光譜儀 11
2.1.8 全天空日射計 11
2.1.9 超音波洗淨機 12
2.1.10 接觸角量測 12
2.1.11 多功能雷射測距儀 12
2.1.12 雷射粒徑分析儀 12
2.1.13 耐塵試驗機 12
2.1.14 滑石粉 13
2.1.15 X光射線繞射分析儀 13
2.2 實驗方法與設置 14
2.2.1 實驗變因 14
2.2.2 環境因素 15
2.2.3 玻璃樣本安裝 15
2.2.4 玻璃光譜分析 16
2.2.5 落塵重量量測 17
2.2.6 穿透率量測 17
2.2.7 日照二氧化鈦光觸媒表面以及接觸角變化 18
2.2.8 太陽光電板 18
2.2.9 室內吹塵模擬 19
2.2.10 粒徑分析 19
2.2.11 X光射線繞射分析儀 19
第三章 結果與討論 20
3.1 玻璃樣本與落塵樣本相關分析 20
3.1.1 接觸角量測 20
3.1.2 穿透率分析 20
3.1.3 落塵粒徑分析 21
3.1.4 落塵元素分析 21
3.2 單位面積落塵重量分析 21
3.2.1 降水量對單位面積落塵量之影響 22
3.2.2 傾角對單位面積落塵重量之影響 23
3.2.3 玻璃表面塗層對單位面積落塵量之影響 23
3.2.4 玻璃樣本尺寸對單位面積落塵量之影響 24
3.3 落塵重量與穿透率減少關係 26
3.4 光電板輸出功率 27
第四章 結論與未來工作 29
4.1 結論 29
4.2 未來工作 30
文獻回顧 32
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[15]鍾易達,”應用於太陽能集熱器之自然落塵對效率影響之研究與歸仁地區戶外實測之結果分析”,國立成功大學碩士論文,2016年。
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